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SHINTO

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amanda chiu

on 16 July 2014

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Transcript of SHINTO

SH NTO
What is Shinto?

"The way of the gods" or
"The way of the
Kami
"

Heaven,Earth, Sea, Sun, Moon & Mountains

Clan Ancestors, Saints, Heroes & Emperors
used to differentiate from Butsudo "The way of the Buddah"
I
More about
Shinto!
Influenced by:
Daoism, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Chinese philosophy
Come from powers of nature:
Spirits also related the people:
No Founder, official scriptures, organized teachings or reliance on believers
"Shinto" refers to the ancient indigenous heritage of Japan and has only been used since the 13th century.
Shinto collaborates aspects of each to emphasize harmony with nature, sincerity and ritual purity.
Has been recorded in:
Nihonshoki (Chronicles of Japan)
Kojiki (Records of ancient matters)

SHINTO
MYTHOLOGY
Myths recorded In the Kojiki and Nihonshoki tell us more about the origin of Japan, the people who lived in and ruled it as well as what it was like
Creation of Japan
Izanami in the Underworld

Mythology is often used in Shinto to connect individuals and communities with the environment
Before anything, Heaven and
earth together were a conglomerate mass
containing the pricnicple of life. Over time the
more pure and clear part rose to become heaven,
and the gross, more dense part settled and became
The bridge between earth and heaven, where the Kami are is thought to be Japan.
earth.
"Therupon they thrust down the jewel-spear of Heaven, and groping about with it found the ocean. The brine which dripped from the point of the spear coagulated and became and island which recieved the name of ono-goro-jima.
red hakama (long, divided trousers)
white haori (kimono jacket)
white or red hair ribbons
MIKO
: Shrine Maiden, Priestess, or Shaman
Traditional tools
Traditional attire
azusayumi (a catalpa bow)
Tamagushi (offertory sakaki-tree branches)
Gehōbako (a box with ritualistic items)
Bells, drums, candles, rice
Dance (Kagura)
Premodern Miko:




Modern Miko


associated with the ruling class and great shrines
often consulted before political & religious actions were made
functioned as an institution and rituals became daily life.

forced to beg for money
shrines and temples fell into bankruptcy
Disassociated from a religious context, further away from a religious intention
Travelling miko, became associated with prostitution
Her ritualistic function as a spirit medium lost its social value and she had to find other ways to survive
It is said sickness due to disruptions in the spirit world.
Miko are able to look into the spirit world, find the cause of sickness and preform ritual in order to cure said sickness.

During the Meiji period (1868-1912), authorities prohibited shamanistic practices
rural localities have since restored and revised their local performative traditions.
Preformers of Miko kagura are primary, high school, or university students or are members of hozonkai [preservation societies] and community centers.
The miko has been restored back to her respectable place in society and is no longer connected with her wandering days as an aruki miko.
Dance is The Basis of folk and classical performing arts
Miko Preform to please Kami for harvest and purification rituals during a festival called Kasuga Wakamiya's On Matsuri held in Nara.
Before Medieval Ages
During Medieval Ages
Goal of Shinto ritual is to purify the heart, keep it true


Must be recited correctly by a qualified practitioner
Precision/ correctness/ Beauty impress Kami
Hereditary Preists branch communication with Kami and oversee the process
Music and dancing are preformed in exchange

SHINTO RITUAL
and ensure the harmony between the individual and nature
for Kami blessing and protection
some
more
SHINTO RITUAL
Natural occurences like weather change or beautiful terrain exhibit the power of the Kami

Majority of Shrines are erected in such places
some elaborate and some simple
entrance of shrines or temples will be protected by the "Torii Gate"
purpose of the gate is to divide earth and spirit world
usually have one at the entrance to the shrine and another at the entrance to the shrine or prayer area
larger shrines usually have two at the entrance

Torii Gate infront of Miyajima Island



MIKO RITUAL
A Sacred space would first be construced for her to preform

To calm the spirits involving the individual, the Miko would invite the Kami and deceased spirits into her body.

She then sends the message from the Spirit to the afflicted as well as an audience.

Miko Rituals include:
Dancing
Stamping
Vocalizations
Sacred Props


lets take a trip to the heavens..
Amaterasu is the Sun God who is the ancestor of the emperor, which validates his ruling
"in my body there is a place which is the source of feminity" -Izanami
"in my body again there is a place which is the source of masculinity. I wish to unite this source-place of my body to the source-place of your body"
-Izanagi
collaborated with Buddhist temples for funeral rights
How to become a Miko:

1) Be a member of a Shamanic family
2) Inherit Miko Status
3) Ichigo, validates Miko status via Goddess Ancestors
Full transcript