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For AP Human Geography

Amy Phung

on 15 December 2014

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Total land area: 356,669 square miles
Arable land: 32.9%
Physical Features: North-east border is lake Chad. has a savanna zone, and a plateau near lake Chad
Population Density: 191 people per sq. km.
Neighboring Countries: Benin, Niger, Cameroon, Chad
Federal Republic, modeled after the US
The president of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is the head of both the state and the government

Main Crops: cassava, yams, taro, sweet potatoes
Tree crops are used to make commercial produce
Main Imports: industrial supplies, transport equipment and parts, capital goods, food and beverage, and consumer goods.
Main Exports: Oil and Natural Gas
Per Capita GNP/GDP: 2,710

Crude Birth Rate: 42
Crude Death Rate: 13
Growth rate: 2.8%
Fertility Rate: 6
Infant Mortality Rate: 74
Life Expectancy: Male: 53 Female: 55
Literacy Rate: Overall:69 Male: 72 Female:49
Currency: Nigerian Naria
Real Growth Rate %:1.5%
Inflation: 8.3%
Unemployment: 24%
Labor force: 52,642,336
Agriculture: 70%
Industry 10%
Service 20%

1) Top 5 Sports: soccer, boxing, basketball, track and field, and dancing
2) Healthcare: Poor healthcare system, blood supply isn't safe, shortages of medical supplies, and numerous hygiene issues

Main pidgin Language:
Nigerian pidgin
Dialects include: Warri, Sepele, Benin, Port-Harcourt, and Lagos.
Real Languages: Igbo and Yoruba from Niger-Congo language family, and
Hausa from the Afro-Asiatic language family

Religions are composed of a mix of ethnic and universalizing religions

No majority
Distribution Of Religions
HDI: 0.47
● Country Overall Rank: 152
● Overall Rank Comparison: Lower:Tanzania at 0.467
Higher: Eritrea at 0.483
● Life expectancy rank: 212
● Literacy rank: 184
● GDP rank: 121

Pick-a-ping Project:

Name of PING: Nigeria
Capital: Abuja
Population: 91,834,051
Primate City: Lagos

Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas, tin, ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, and arable land

Trade Partners/Trade Agreement: US, India, Brazil, Spain, France, Netherlands, South Africa, Germany, Italy, Portugal
Alliances/Supranational organizations: united nations, the commonwealth, african union, and OPEC (organization of petroleum exporting

Cultural Hearth: Nigeria is not a hearth for anything, but is influenced by the Sahel region, a major cultural hearth for Africa.

Greatest humanitarian need: Nigeria’s displaced people need the most attention to

Biggest environmental challenge: Major Oil leaks

Refugee situation: Refugees are fleeing Nigeria due to threats from Boko Haram

Nigeria is in stage 2 of the demographic transition
This means it is one of the least developed countries
4) Holidays: Independence Day on October 1st- Celebration of independence from England
Easter Monday
5) Literature: Stories passed down by oral tradition is the most common record of literature
6)Food: Popular foods include: yam porridge, jellof rice, fried plantain, moi moi, akara, chin chin, kpof kpof


7)Family: Family is important to Nigerians, and are typically very large. They live in villages close to each other. Family gatherings are also very common
8)Marriage Customs: In a marriage, there are two types of weddings:
Traditional Wedding: Wear traditional clothing in an igbo, hausa, or yoruba
White Wedding: Adopted from Western culture-People wear white in a church with a reception after the wedding
9)Women Roles: In Nigeria, women are not necessarily treated well. They are frowned upon in the political aspect and also even in their own marriage. Women without children are severely frowned upon as well.
Folk Clothing
Pop culture
Folk Housing (villages)
Modern-Day Housing
(found in cities)

HPI-1: 40.5
● Overall Rank: 54
● Overall Rank Comparison:
Lower: Morocco at 40.2
Higher: Haiti at 44.5
● Survival rank-122
● Illiteracy rank-31
● Water rank 123
● Underweight children rank 26

not available
● Overall Rank: not available
● Overall Rank Comparison: Not available
● Life Expectancy rank 212
● Literacy rank- 184
● Primary, Secondary and Tertiary gross enrollment rank 106
State type: Nation-State
State shape: Modified square almost like a trapezoid
Boundary issues: Nigeria accuses Cameroon of not doing enough to fight the Boko Haram
Demonym: Nigerian

National Anthem Lyrics:
Arise, O compatriots, Nigeria's call obey
To serve our fatherland
With love and strength and faith
The labor of our heroes past
Shall never be in vain
To serve with heart and might
One nation bound in freedom, peace and
Oh God of creation, direct our noble cause
Guide our leaders right
Help our youth the truth to know
In love and honesty to grow
And living just and true
Great lofty heights attain
To build a nation where peace and justice
Shall reign.
Meaning: The song is a call for love and
compassion. It pays a tribute to the
sacrifice of national heroes during the
struggle for independence. It also
has a religious aspect to it,
calling for blessings.

Map of Capital City:
Christaller’s Central Place Theory applies to Nigeria's capital city, Abuja. This theory would make the city more efficient.

Environmental pollution is decreasing the amount of arable land available in Nigeria. Nigeria's water supply is becoming salinized, leaving it undrinkable. This causes a problem
because their
agriculture industry
relies on the water
supply and amount of
arable land.

The food supply in
Zaria conforms to the
Von Thunen Model.

Physical Map
Nigeria Political Map
Nigeria continues to face environmental problems with oil spills

Nigeria is safe from Ebola

Nigeria hasn't defeated Boko Haram
Full transcript