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Student-Centered English

Ideas on how to change the paradigm for teaching English classes
by

Brenda Raymond

on 26 September 2014

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Transcript of Student-Centered English

Typical English
Classroom

by Brenda Raymond
Student-Centered English
"Voy a memorizar estas antes del examen. A que hora termina esta clase?"
too many words
students memorize for the exam
Forgotten soon after
"Mmmm, quiero un peach. Vea muy rica. Mi mamá le gusta la watermelon pero yo no."

Focus is on words /vocabulary rather than
using
vocabulary in useful sentences.
students learn words not sentences
"Odio la fruta y no me importa sus nombres en inglés."
themes established by teachers / curriculum developers
students aren't motivated to learn
little repetition
when there is repetition, students often just repeat answers rather than thinking about them
nothing sticks
students aren't learning to speak English
Paradigm shift:
Goal:
students learn to speak and understand real English in full sentences

Method:
student-centered focus using topics / vocabulary of personal interest / usefulness
learning process requires full brain engagement / very active participation / involvement of multiple senses
addresses multiple learning styles
grammar-focused and repetitive

Students enjoy learning English and are motivated to learn more
Most Important Vocabulary
Subject Pronouns
Subject
Pronouns
I
he
she
it
we
you
they
I'm
he's
she's
it's
we're
you're
they're
Helping Verbs
be: am, is, are, was, were
am not, isn't, aren't, wasn't, weren't
do: do, does, did
don't, doesn't, didn't
have: have, has, had
haven't, hasn't, hadn't
Question Words
Who?
What?
When?
Where?
Why?
How?
Which?
How much?
How many?
Whose?
Possessive
Adjectives
him
her
it
them
his
her
its
their
Object Pronouns*
Frequency Adverbs / Time Indicators
Prepositions (in, on, at)
*
Articles (a, an, the)
*
Object Pronouns
*
Possessive Adjectives
Question Words
Helping Verbs
What percentage of your students can consistently use the English you have taught them?
A Paradigm Shift
What percentage of your students is excited about learning English?
What percentage of your students uses the English they’ve learned outside of your classroom?
What percentage of your students tries to produce English sentences on their own?
What percentage of your students can produce full, grammatically correct, sentences in the form of statements and questions?
How Are
Your
Students Progressing?
my
our
your
me
us
you
*
object pronouns, articles, and common prepositions rarely need to be taught explicitly; they're generally acquired naturally through modeling
Frequency Adverbs
always, usually, often, sometimes, seldom, rarely, usually
every ... day, morning, night, week, year, etc.
yesterday, today, tomorrow,
this..., last...
Time Indicators
Students determine nouns, verbs, and adjectives based on:
what they want to say or talk about
what they are interested in
what they do
Teachers can encourage vocabulary by:
asking the right questions
setting up interesting situations / learning experiences
reading / telling engaging stories
http://anethicalisland.wordpress.com/
My mom has a new car.
I like it.
It's red.
We went to Puntarenas in her car.
I usually eat pinto for breakfast.
Today I ate eggs and fruit.
My baby brother likes balls.
His favorite ball is small and green.
Does your little sister like balls?
Do you want to come to my house today?
What is Daniela doing?
Is she eating ice cream?
Plan:
8:50 Paradigm Shift Presentation
10:30 Goal Setting / Closing
7:30 Introduction
7:40 Round Table Discussion
8:20 Coffee Break
10:00 Group Work #2
Presentations #2
9:30 Group Work #1
Presentations #1
"English Cubed" Technique
"Engaging the Whole Brain" Technique
Nouns, Verbs, and Adjectives
http://www.blrry.com/NCTE2014.html
brenda@blrry.com
7159-4394
Teacher Training:
Student-Centered English
Improving English Skills
Making Math Fun (while REALLY learning Math)
Hands-on Science Discovery
Using Technology

Brenda Raymond
Full transcript