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Folktales, Fables, and Myths

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by

Angella Puerta

on 30 September 2013

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Transcript of Folktales, Fables, and Myths

Folktales, Fables, and Myths
Fables
Used to teach lessons/morals
Animals speak as humans
Examples: The Hare and the Tortoise, Aesop's Fables, Town Mouse Country Mouse
Myths
Explanations of earth, human beings, and the sky
One power/force that controls nature
Gods and goddesses represent wisdom, beauty, love.
Gods are immortal and had powers
Examples:The Star Bearer, The Woman Who Fell from the Sky
Activity
Creating African Drums
Folktales
Stories that have been passed down from generation to generation (initially) through storytelling
People relied on Folktales for educational and entertainment purposes
Often times recreated
Are a reflection of a particular culture/group of people
Types: Cumulative, Pourquoi, Beast, Wonder, and Realistic Tales
Tikki Tikki Tembo
Town Mouse
Country Mouse
The Gingerbread Girl
Mufaro's Beautiful Daughters
Materials
Oatmeal containers
Construction Paper
Markers
Scissors
Glue

Directions:
1. Cover container with construction paper.

2. Decorate (African Theme)

3. Have fun!
The Legend of the Indian Paintbrush
Little Gopher is smaller than the rest of the children in his tribe and can't keep up with the other children. But, he has a talent of his own, he is an artist. When he grows older, a Dream-Vision comes to him: a young Indian maiden and her grandfather tell him that he will paint pictures of the great warriors with colors as pure as the evening sky. Little Gopher's paintings never satisfy him because the colors are dull and dark, but he keeps trying. In the night, a voice tells him how to find paint-filled brushes; Little Gopher locates them, and they become brilliantly colored flowers known as Indian Paintbrush.
retold & illustrated by Tomie dePaola
retold by Arlene Mosel & illustrated by Blair Lent
Jan Brett
Lisa Campbell Ernst
John Steptoe
Cumulative Tales
Examples: "The Gingerbread Man", "Henny Penny", and "Chicken Little"
Pourquoi Tales
Examples: "How Animals Got Their Tales", "Why the Sun and the Moon Live in the Sky", and "The Story of the Milky Way"
Beast Tales
Examples: "The Three Little Pigs and the Big Bad Wolf", "The Little Red Hen", and "Mabela the Clever"
Wonder Tales
Examples: "Jack and the Beanstalk", "Snow White", and "Beauty and the Beast"
Realistic Tales
Examples: "Johnny Appleseed", "The Boy of the Three Year Nap, and "Juan Verdades: The Man Who Couldn't Tell Lies"
Folktale Characteristics
Plot Structures:
Simple & direct
Usually success stories
Repetition
Introductions include the conflict, characters, and setting

Characterization:
symbolize good, evil, power, and wisdom
Beautiful character is usually humble, kind, loving
Stepmothers: mean, ugly
Hero: strong, brave, kind
Style:
provide audience with opportunity to hear rich language
written folktales: maintain the essence of the country and culture
Themes:
Humility, kindness, patience, hard work, courage, and mercy
Common Motifs:
Magical powers, transformations, magical objects, wishes, trickery
Plot-less
Repetition that builds up to a dramatic event
Rhymes

"Why Stories"
Explain animal features
Explain human traits and customs
Explanation of origin- how people/things came to be
Animals are given human characteristics
wise beast/foolish beast
Popular among all cultures
Magic & the supernatural
Romance
Adventure/Quest
"... and they lived happily ever after."
Battle between good and evil
Folk Tales and Fairy Tales
Realistic Plot, Setting, and Characters
Set in ancient China
Explains why Chinese names are short today
The mice trade homes. At the end they discover that there's no place like home.

Fable
Variant of The Gingerbread Man
Compare/contrast activities
African Folktale
Man named Mufaro who has two daughters who are completely different from one another
Teaches morals
Lots of activities for students: Social Studies, Math, Science, Language Arts
Full transcript