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Transcript of Concentration Camps
Apart from Jews,Roma(gypsy), and Slavs they had captive homosexuals, alleged mental defectives and others.
End of concentration camps
First came the difficult physical recuperation from starvation and malnutrition.
The start of concentration camps
British set up concentration camps for afrikaner opponents in South Africa.
In 1941, the Nazis began to build Vernichtungslager (death camps)
People in concentration camps were also used for medical experiments.
Medical Experiments Cont.
Arrival to concentration camps
Arriving prisoners were processed and examined to determine if they were immediately killed or sent to work at concentration camps.
The first permanent nazi camp was located in Dachau,Germany, near Munich, in March 1933.
Hitler's plans to exterminate jews led to the construction of special camps called "death camps" that were used to kill thousands of jews.
People who did not pass examination were told they would be taken to relocation camps.
Lying was to keep them calm when in reality they were taken to gas chambers,then cremated.
*Before cremation their valuables were taken and sometimes woman's hair was shaved to make mattresses.
People would die of abuse,disease,and starvation.
Josef Mengele would select people for his medical experiments.
Experiments involving killing twins, were meant to provide information that would lead to the rapid expansion of the "Aryan Race"
There were a total of 6 death camps at the end of the war.
The most notorious of the death camps was Auschwitz. During the war, the Nazis murdered about 1.1 million people there.
Arrival to concentrations Cont.
German doctors used prisoners to test toxins and anti-toxins.
They performed experimental surgeries and studied the effects of diseases.
Then came the search for their families.
And finally, the uncertain future.
In 1944 the Allied forces liberated people from Majdanek, Belzec,Sobibor, and Treblinka.
In January 1945 they got to Auschwitz
survivors of WWll concentration camp in Dachau, Germany APimages
Roma (Gypsy) prisoners at the Belzec death camp.Reproduced by permission of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
Group of Gypsy prisoners, sitting, awaiting instructions from their German captors, in Belzec, photograph. USHMM Photo Archives.
Flowers in honor of the dead lie over an oven at Ravensbrück concentration camp's crematorium
Members of the press view an exhibition at the Yad Vashem Holocaust Museum in Jerusalem entitled "Architecture of Murder: The Auschwitz-Birkenau Blueprints" before it's official opening, January 24, 2010. The exhibition contains original blueprints of the Nazi death camps Auschwitz-Birkenau, where approximately one million Jews were murdered during World War Il.
As part of their philosophy of Aryan
supremacy, Nazis forced Jews, Gypsies
homosexuals, and others they deemed
"threats to the state" into concentration
camps. Over 5 million Jews and more than
500,000 Gypsies were killed in Nazi
concentration camps between 1933
and 1945. After the war, Nazi leaders stood
trial for these and other crimes against humanity
at Nuremberg. At the trials, photographs such
as this one, which shows German civilians
removing the bodies of victims at the Gusen concentration camp, were used to convict Nazi leaders
A cornerstone of Nazi
ideology was the belief
that Jews were less than
taken away from their
families and forced into
cramped cells that
obliterated any shred
of personal privacy.
A group of Hungarian
Jews arriving at the
camp in German-
Yad Vashem Photo
Archives, courtesy of
USHMM Photo Archives
An inmate of a concentration camp at Gusen, Austria, suffering from starvation (May 12, 1945).
Sleeping quarters of the prisoners at Auschwitz concentration camp, Poland.
By: Gabriela Cardoza & Brittney Stevens
EnglishI, Period1, Mrs. Key