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Madame du'Chatelet

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Margot Semonite

on 6 May 2010

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Transcript of Madame du'Chatelet

Madame du Châtelet Émilie du Châtelet: Childhood Gabrielle Émilie Le Tonnelier de Breteuil, marquise du Châtelet
was born on the seventeeth of December, 1706 in Paris, France.
Emilie's father Louis Nicholas le Tonnelier de Breteuil was the
principal secretary to King Louis XIV, placing him in the center of
the social court. Her father recognized her early intelligence and
brought her to talk with astronomers at the age of 10 - as she grew
older, he brought her tutors and she was soon fluent in the languages
of Latin, Italian, Greek, and German. She was very, very interested in
the sciences of math. Some say that her mother, Gabrielle-Anne
de Froulay, did not approve of her daughter's intelligence. She was
a woman who wanted to use logic and reason to pursue her

Madame du Chatelet
& Voltaire In the 1840's, Emilie met Voltaire. Voltaire adored her as she was
an upper-middle class woman of high intelligence and believed the same
as him: that there must be scientific evidence and reason - a rarity.
Together they studied and researched mathematics and sciences. Their
research was said to be nearly a century ahead of it's time.
When the pair ran out of money for their research, Du Chatelet would
often turn to the gambling tables at Versailles; she became nearly
expected to win.

Both Madame du Chatelet and Voltaire were absolutely fascinated by Sir
Isaac Newton and his laws of physics.

Because of Emilie's outshining of Voltaire and her insight to his
'weaknesses', they broke up, leaving Voltaire in a long sulk.

One of Emilie's first accomplishments during the Enlightenment that
would lead the way to the inventions of photography and infrared
radiation was her insight on the nature of light.

In 1736, she composed a book named Elements de la philosophe de Newton,
which explained Newton's laws and theories in a more general way to the
average eye with Voltaire. Near in time to this achievement, she also
translated The fable of the bees written by Mandeville.

In 1740, Madame du Chatelet wrote another titles, Institutions de physique
on physics.

Later, she created a research program that went beyond the
generalities of Newton and would later light the path to the idea of
energy conservation, which was fundamental to all physics.

In 1478 at the age of 41, Emilie fell in love with a poet and became
pregnant. To be pregnant at the age of 40 during that time was considered
quite punishable - by death. Voltaire returned to her to support her as
she raced to finish her greatest translation, that of Newton's Principia. She finished the
text in 1749, and it remained the only copy in the French language for many years.
Not long after she gave birth, and both she and the child died. Emilie's Accomplishments The Great End Madame du Chatelet's Affects Upon the Enlightenment

Madame du Chatelet was an exceptional player
in the new game of science, logic, and reason.
She brought to light so much that would create
a domino effect in and of itself for years, triggering
new ideas and inventions. An inspiration to many,
even the logical Voltaire, she helped science to
modernize itself with her translations and her
research as well as show more women in the eighteenth
century that they too could be of high intelligence.
Full transcript