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Career Studies Project

An introduction to computer engineering.
by

Meghan Gauthier

on 14 January 2014

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Transcript of Career Studies Project

Matrix Partners preso!
Steps
to
Success

Don't forget to
call mom!

<title>
An Introduction to
Computer Engineering
</title>
What is a Computer Engineer?
Unlike those who are solely software, hardware, or electrical engineers, computer engineers work in a wide range of fields consisting of a mix of computer sciences and electrical engineering. They are typically trained in tasks including writing software and firmware for embedded microcontrollers, designing VLSI chips, designing analog sensors, designing mixed signal circuit boards, and designing operating systems.
A Day in the Life
A computer engineer preforms a wide variety of tasks throughout a day. Here's a sample:
Arrive at work.
List activities to be completed today.
7-9 AM
Converse with coworkers,
brainstorm ideas for product development.
Continue work on today's projects. Communicate ideas and progress of projects with colleagues.
9-11 AM
Work on a website project and a database project.
Meet with quality assurance specialist to create checklists and flowcharts for technical staff.
3-5 PM
Work on programming.
Discuss the needs of clients, breakthroughs we have made, or any roadblocks in our projects.
5-6 PM
Interruption-free programming at home.
Take part in a conference call with counterparts in different regions and countries.
7-10 PM
1-3 PM
Required Education
Most entry-level computer engineering jobs require at least a bachelor's degree in computer engineering. Sometimes a degree in electrical engineering is accepted, since the two fields are so similar. According to BLS (Bureau of Labour Statistics), "a computer engineering major is similar to electrical engineering, but with some computer science courses added to the curriculum". Some large firms or specialized jobs require a master's degree. It is also important for Computer Engineers to keep up with rapid advances in technology. For this reason, many continue learning throughout their careers.
Special Skills and Aptitudes
Engineers should be curious people with an aptitude for math and science; especially physics. They must be logical thinkers who have excellent interpersonal abilities. Most importantly, they must be interested in solving problems empirically through the use of technology. A Master of Business Administration (MBA) degree or any other business-affiliated appellations can be very helpful in this career. For an aspiring engineer who hopes to someday take a supervisory or corporate position, a title showing experience in the field of business may be required. Engineers who go on to become executives in their companies often have an MBA.
Working Conditions and Hours
A lot of the work computer engineers do is done at a desk, in front of a computer. Most work for companies that manufacture computers, computer-related components and parts, and other products that incorporate computers into them, such as satellites, cars, or cell phones.
People in this career usually work at least 40 hours a week. When they have demanding problems to solve or deadlines approaching, they often have to put in extra hours in the evenings and on weekends.
Salary and Earnings
Most computer engineers earn a salary within the range of $20 000 - $100 000 and up. The national average earnings for this career is approximately between $65 000 and
$90 000 a year. In an hour, most engineers make $35 - $47 dollars. However, experienced engineers, or those in supervisory positions can make over $125 000 a year.
Positive and Negative Career Aspects
"One of the nice things about being a computer engineer is that the tasks are too large to accomplish them by yourself. So inevitably, you end up working with a team of engineers. This is one of the nicest things about being a computer engineer, is learning to work with other engineers—some smarter than you, some not as smart as you—to work together and to have a common goal." - John, Computer Hardware Engineer
“Well, I certainly don’t like it when things don’t work! The problem with programming or coding is that when something doesn’t work properly it’s a direct by-product of you typing something incorrectly, or doing an algorithm incorrectly. You have to be very analytical and very critical of your own work." - Jane, Software Engineer
How can I
get there?

High School Courses
Grade 9
English
Mathematics
Science
Social Studies
Creative Arts
Health & Physical Education
French
Computers
Grade 10
English
Mathematics
Science
Social Studies
Personal & Career Development
Business
Computers
Electronics & Communications Technology
Grade 11
English
Mathematics
Probability & Statistics
Science
Social Studies
Business & Management
Computers
Electronics & Communications Technology
Grade 12
English
Mathematics
Algebra & Geometry / Calculus
Science
Social Studies
Business & Management
Computers
Electronics & Communications Technology
University Programs
Many universities throughout Canada offer engineering programs. The University of Waterloo, being one of Canada's most prominent, offers a program specifically for computer engineers.
Your first term:
CHE 102 - Chemistry for Engineers
ECE 100A - Electrical and Computer Engineering Practice
ECE 105 - Physics of Electrical Engineering 1
ECE 140 - Linear Circuits
ECE 150 - Fundamentals of Programming
MATH 117 - Calculus 1 for Engineering
Here is the first-year course layout for Waterloo's Computer Engineering program:
Your second term:
ECE 100B - Electrical and Computer Engineering Practice ECE 103 - Discrete Mathematics
ECE 106 - Physics of Electrical Engineering 2
ECE 124 - Digital Circuits and Systems
ECE 155 - Engineering Design with Embedded Systems MATH 119 - Calculus 2 for Engineering
What other options do I have?
Presentation by
Meghan Gauthier
Contact information:
Contact information:
Credential:
Credential:
Contact information:
Credential:
McMaster University
Hamilton, Ontario
Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng.)
1280 Main Street West,
Hamilton, Ontario
L8S 4L8
Queen's University
Telephone: (613) 533-6482
Fax: (613) 533-6615
E-mail: tom.dean@queensu.ca
Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng)
Carleton University
Kingston, Ontario
Ottawa, Ontario
Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng)
Undergraduate Recruitment
Carleton University
315 Robertson Hall
1125 Colonel By Drive
Ottawa, ON K1S 5B6
Canada
http://www.mcmaster.ca/
http://carleton.ca/
http://www.ece.queensu.ca/
https://uwaterloo.ca/
The Future
of
Computer
Engineering

Career Outlook
Due to constant changes and developments in computers, the outlook for this career is said to increase rapidly over the next few decades. Companies and businesses will be searching incessantly for students with up-to-date educations and high levels of creativity. According to the BLS, the employment outlook for computer engineers is expected to increase by approximately 32% from 2008-2018.
According to https://www2.careercruising.com/careers/related-careers/641, an aspiring computer engineer may also be interested in the following careers:

•Aerospace Engineer
•Biomedical Engineer
•Computer Network Specialist
•Computer Programmer
•Computer Scientist
•Computer Software Engineer
•Electrical Engineer
•Industrial Engineer
•Inventor
•Mechanical Engineer
•Nuclear Engineer
Related Careers
High school credit prerequisites for university computer engineering programs include computer science, physics (4U), calculus, and advanced functions.
Job Security
Many businesses across Ontario are in search of computer engineers. Due to the diversity of their abilities, they can be hired throughout a wide range of positions. For example, if an experienced computer engineer were to lose their job, many positions of a great variety would be open to them. Because of this, well-educated computer engineers scarcely find themselves unemployed.
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