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comics

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by

reg dela cruz

on 22 November 2012

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Transcript of comics

KOMIKS COMICS KOMIK IT ALL STARTED... While the first indigenous cartoons may be traced to José Rizal’s 1887 fable “The Monkey and the Tortoise”, the origins of the mainstream komiks industry would not arise until after the Spanish-American War. Komiks under the American Flag:
1922-1941 •Called as the Platinum Age in Philippine komiks history.
•In the year 1922, the very first Filipino komiks serials appeared as page fillers in Tagalog magazines.
•Telembang and Lipang Kalabaw were popular magazines at that time that carried anti-American or anti-Federalist satirical cartoons. These two magazines could be considered as the precursor of today’s komiks. In 1923, another Tagalog magazine, the Liwayway, was born. It was only in 1929 that the magazine first released the Album ng mga Kabalbalan ni Kenkoy created by the famous Tony Velasquez. •Kenkoy was the star of the series, a funny everyday Filipino teen-ager representative of the colonial-minded youth of the early 1930s. Tony Velasquez was regarded as the Father of Filipino Komiks because of the numerous komiks he created during this era. He also created more cartoon strips in the Liwayway: Ponyang Halobaybay (a female version of Kenkoy),
Saring Bulilit (a diminutive movie-ticket seller),
Totong Barungkol (a kid boxer),
Nanong Pandak (the lovable millionaire midget)
Talakitok (a fish-eyed dimwit) Japanese Occupation and the Propaganda Komiks (1941-1945) The Roces newspapers Tribune-La Vanguardia-Taliba, widely known as the TVT, were confiscated. Apparently, the Japanese tried to legally own the TVT by offering Roces any amount he would wish to sell it. It was only The Tribune that the Hodobu (Japanese Information Bureau) allowed to circulate in Manila. Artists recruited by the Hodobu to serve in their propaganda campaign: meanwhile... Tony Velasquez J.M. Perez Francisco Reyes Vicente Manansala Liborio Gatbonton Victorio Edades These artists/cartoonists were forced to create illustrations that were used in various Japanese-sponsored publications like Shin-Seiki, Liwayway, Tribune and other similar propaganda materials. KALIBAPI FAMILY This cartoon strip depicted the everyday life of a typical Filipino family in Manila during the Japanese occupation and as such, should supposedly portray the new social order of the Philippines under the aegis of the Japanese Empire. TONY VELASQUEZ-1943 What’s interesting about KALBAPI Family? The Golden Age of Komiks: 1946-1972 In 1947, Don Ramon Roces and Tony Velasquez started Ace Publications, a komiks publishing house that published komik books: 1947 1949 1950 1952 1959 1960 The komiks’ early aim was to entertain the Filipinos with a cheap reading material. Hence, many of the strips in those early years were cartoons, a local version of the popular “Funnies” comic books being published in the United States. These are the trends emerged during the Golden Age/ Renaissance in Filipino Komiks Philippine Mythology Super novels Fantasy Stories POPULAR SUPER NOVEL WRITERS CARLO J. CAPARAS Jim Fernandez Pablo Gomez Hal Santiago Elena Patron Nerissa Cabral Gilda Olvidado 1964 paved way for the milestones of Atlas Komiks which houses novels like Bittersweet, Maruja, Halik sa Hangin, at Alupihang Dagat. It was also Atlas Komiks who included movie columns in their Komiks-Magazine which was written in English-Tagalog, acquiescing the use of contemporary slang The following films were originally adapted from Komiks published by Atlas: NOW REALISM
IN KOMIKS Mars Ravelo, Pablo Gomez, Ramon R. Marcelino, among others created komiks a real salamin ng buhay, but in some cases, the komiks appeared resistant to being convenient mirror of reality. The characters seemed to function as constructs, as means through whom certain qualities, traits or features could be embodied with facility. BOMBA KOMIKS Komiks and the Martial Law •There was a total ban on mass media was enforced
•Resumption of komiks-magazines in the circulation was only allowed after the industry had prepared a new code that no government officials or military personnel be portrayed as corrupt, that respect for the law should always be maintained, and stories about criminality should be minimized. Komiks in Contemporary Philippines The 1990s saw the decline and collapse of the komiks industry. There were several factors that led to this sad state. Among them were the economic and power crises of the early 1990s, the Filipinos’ diversion into telenovelas, the arrival of text messaging and the internet. Most of the komiks today are published by small publishing houses Recurring Patterns in Philippine Komiks
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