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TOK PRESENTATION: Cloning

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by

Berke Kababulut

on 20 February 2013

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Transcript of TOK PRESENTATION: Cloning

Cons History 1901: Hans Spemann split a 2 cell newt embryo into two parts. This lead to the development of two complete larvae. Pros Cloning By: Osman Berke Kababulut
Beliz Cakmak
Murad Emir Tokcan What is Cloning? 3 Types of Cloning DNA Cloning:
Copying the genetic
information Reproductive Cloning:
Creating an identical copy of an existing animal Therapeutic Cloning:
Production of human embryos for research purposes Is Cloning Ethical? There are several types of issues to consider as we think about Cloning Is a solution for infertility Ethical Issues Legal
Issues Social
Issues Provides
organs
for
transplantation Provides treatments for
variety of diseases Creates opportunities for
genetic modification
and
engineering Increases health of
infants and our lives Examinations of diseases become possible
(research purposes) Ethical Issues Ethical issues are those that ask us to consider the potential moral outcomes of cloning technologies. 1952: Robert Briggs and Thomas J. King cloned the first animals, northern leopard frogs. 1972: Paul Berg combined the DNA of two different organisms and as a result created the first recombinant DNA molecule. July 1996: the first organism to be cloned by adult cells was made, a sheep called Dolly December 1997: Richard Seed said that he would clone a human before federal laws could prohibit this process. 1 out of 7 couples have infertility problem in Turkey - Many ethical issues have been raised by religious organizations Cloning Advertisement: Man shouldn't play god. It isn't mankind's responsibility to control and manipulate nature by cloning It is a part of our God-given destiny to exercise complete control over our reproductive process Did you know? cloning is discovered to increase the population of frogs people should let God to give or decide what are the characteristics of a baby should possess The cloning process allows science and humans, rather than nature, to dictate genetics. Legal Issues The United Nations after two years of debate has voted in March 2005 to approve a non-binding global ban on all human cloning. Social Issues psychological effects of a replica discovering their birth and replication are unknown. Study of other animals in order to understand the ones humans experience



Beneficial of medical purposes to produce new medications if a clone learns that he or she is a replica.. humans cannot impose the physical risks on one another, and the unknown psychological effects are not worth the risk. More than 50 diseases can be cured
such as; Diabetes,
Blindness,
Parkinson's disease,
AIDS,
Down Syndrome,
Cystic Fibrosis,
Infertility,
Cancer... Also... It is highly likely for the clone to have a short life Based on researches It is a small possibility for the embryo to work .Therefore it is unlikely to produce a baby There might be new and unknown diseases produced by this process By eliminating possible diseases a newborn may have


By creating a disease free community in the long term Poll Results: For the question,
"Should Cloning take place?" Yes: 64 people
No: 16 people
Don't care: 16 people total 96 people* 117 people viewed this poll on Facebook* Poll was put on an international summer school group page Knowledge Issue: To what extent is manipulating nature and cloning humans ethical? November 2007: In Istanbul University Veterinary Faculty - Turkey, Turkey's first cloned sheep was made who was named "Oyalı".
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