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How Technology Effects Our Cognitive Abilities

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Avianca Ramos

on 6 April 2017

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Transcript of How Technology Effects Our Cognitive Abilities

The theory that we offload cognitive processing onto the environment, so technology is part of our minds (literally).

Cognitive Off-loading
: Releasing responsibility of remembering information onto technology due to granted access to information.

Negative Effect?
Offloading may impair future memory by preventing schemas necessary for encoding new memories from use of the internet.
The Extended Mind (Clark and Chalmers, 1998)
Q: Does taking pictures help you remember/ have an impact on your memory?
Point-and-Shoot Memories: The Influence of Taking Photos on Memory for a Museum Tour (Henkel, 2014)
Riddles
Using the Internet to access information inflates future use of the Internet to access other information. (Storm, Stone, Benjamin 2016)
How Technology Effects Our Cognitive Abilities
Jessica Smith
Sponsor: Dr. Stephen Flusberg

Extension of Storm, Stone, Benjamin (2016)
Senior Project
Results
Henkel, L. A., (2014). Point-and-shoot memories: the influence of taking photos on memory for the museum tour. Psychological Science, 25, 396-402. doi: 10.1177/0956797613504438

Storm, B. C., & Stone, S. M. (2015). Saving-Enhanced Memory: The Benefits of Saving on the Learning and Remembering of New Information. Psychological Science, 26, 182-188.

Storm, B. C., Stone, S. M., & Benjamin, A. S. (2016) Using the Internet to access information inflates future use of the Internet to access other information. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2016.1210171

Sparrow, B., Liu, J., & Wegner, D. M. (2011) Google effects on memory: cognitive consequences of having information at our fingertips. Psychological Science, 33 776-778 DOI: 10.1126/science.1207745

Loh, K. K., & Kanai, R. (2016). How has the internet reshaped human cognition? The Neuroscientist, 22(5),506-520.

Storm, B. C., & Stone, S. M. (2015). Saving-enhanced memory: The benefits of saving on the learning and remembering of new information. Psychological Science, 26(2), 182-188.

Clark, A., & Chalmers, D. (1998). The extended mind. Analysis, 58(1), 7-19
References


Researchers found that relying on the Internet to access information makes one more likely to rely on the Internet to access other information in the future.

Research Question:
Does relying on the internet also IMPAIR performance when the internet is taken away?
Participants from Intro to Psych Pool
Methods
10 Easy Riddles
10 Difficult Riddles
Phase 1:
Internet vs. No Internet
Phase 2:
No Internet
Internet Condition are instructed to use "
Google Search
" for each question.
All participants are instructed to
answer alone
.
Hypothesis
: Those in the internet condition will take longer/score worse in Phase 2 when they no longer have access to the internet
Which letter is not me?
__
B O F D S J L D P V
N C H Y M W Q X U N

What has a foot but no legs?
__ __ __ __ __
R M W P W U O V S I
F A R L D H L F E N

What has to be broken before you can use it
__ __ __
J K G G Q V L M H J
I X J M J E F D F G

What is so delicate that saying it's name breaks it?
__ __ __ __ __ __ __
E D Y J W W I I S E
C L V Z I E W Z N Z

What is the best month for a parade?
__ __ __ __ __
V Q M A L I V F A C
X R G W F Z Q H B E


What's full of holes but still holds water?
__ __ __ __ __ __
T E E L G H S D P G
K O K N G H E J M X

I am put on a table, cut, but never eaten.
__ __ __ __ __
M B Q N T N M C C J
T A B H T P R D X S

What five-letter word becomes shorter when you add two letters to it?
__ __ __ __ __
H E O U I V S K F Y
T L G Z R P A M R N

I never was but am always to be, and everyone looks forward to me.
__ __ __ __ __ __
L R E T D D V A S U
D E D B U F U S F M

What has Eighty-eight keys but cant open a single door?
__ __ __ __ __
M K I N T P Q O P D
Z O A H G Q J E O D

During Phase 1, people in the Internet condition solved all of the problems (M = 10, SD = 0), which is significantly more than those in the No Internet condition (M = 4.21, SD = 1.18). Those in the Internet condition (M = 6.47 minutes), SD = 1.55) also solved their problems in significantly less time than those in the No Internet condition (M = 9.13 minutes, SD = 1.19), p < 0.001.
In Phase 2, going against my hypothesis, those in the Internet condition solved more problems (M = 4.75; SD = 1.37) than those in the No Internet condition (M = 4.32, SD = 1.34), but this difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.32). This trend was only there for
easy problems
.
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