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Eric Dunning

on 8 January 2013

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Transcript of Sociolinguistics

Themes & Applications SOCIOLINGUSISTICS The descriptive study of the effect of any and all aspects of society, including cultural norms, expectations, and context, on the way language is used, and the effects of language use on society. WHAT IS SOCIOLINGUSITICS? 1. How language varieties differ between groups separated by certain social variable:
age, etc.

2. How creation/adherence to these rules is used to categorize individuals in social or socioeconomic classes. Speech community - Group of people who use language in a unique and mutually accepted way among themselves.
- Often develop slang or jargon to serve the group's special purposes and priorities. Fundamentals High prestige and low prestige varieties

- Certain speech habits are assigned a positive or a negative value, which is then applied to the speaker.
- Micro & macro
- Speakers 'choose' a variety when making a speech act, whether consciously or subconsciously. Social network

A particular speech community in terms of relations between individual members in a community. A network could be loose or tight depending on how members interact with each other. Will also determine the communicative choices. Internal vs. external language

I-language (internal language) and E-language (external language).
Internal language applies to the study of syntax and semantics in language on the abstract level (mentally represented knowledge in speaker).
External language applies to language in social contexts, (behavioral habits shared by a community). "Hiyamac"
"Cetchenny?" "Goddafew"
"Hittinhard?" "Sordalike"
"Wachadrinkin?" "Jugajimbeam"
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