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New Historicism

New Historic Critic View On Jane Eyre by Charlotte Bronte

Candice Hicks

on 12 September 2012

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Transcript of New Historicism

New Historicism Critique of
Jane Eyre
By Charolette Bronte By:
Jacklin Waters
Heather Barba
Candice Hicks Seeks to reconnect a work of literature with the time peirod in which it was produced and identify it with the cultural and political movements of the time. New Historicism: Stephen Greenblatt has been called the most influential literary scholar of his generation. Greenblatt is a founding figure of the New Historicism
Michel Foucault was a French philosopher who was the most influential social theorist of the second half of the twentieth century. Michel Foucault and Stephen Greenblatt Social Statuses- Different social classes can be (and were by the classes themselves) distinguished by inequalities in such areas as power, authority, wealth, working and living conditions, life-styles, life-span, education, religion, and culture.

Male Dominance- was influenced by numerous aspects such as domesticity, economy, gender roles, imperialism, manners, and religion. which included a vast amount of pride in their work, a protectiveness over their wives, and an aptitude for good social behavior.

Education-Education in nineteenth-century England was not equal - not between the sexes, and not between the classes. Gentlemen would be educated at home by a governess.A lady's education was taken, almost entirely, at home. There were boarding schools, but no University, and the studies were very different.

Religon-The Victorian era was marked by the Church of England which developed such an influence in religion . The tyrannical power of the church fostered many problems (lack of space, not relating to its people, hypocrisy, etc.) and created an air where a variety of dissenting groups could form and develop. The Victorian Era
1824-1844 Born in 1816, the third daughter of the Rev. Patrick Brontë and his wife Maria.
In 1838, Charlotte left Roe Head School. In 1839 she accepted a position as governess in the Sidgewick family, but left after three months and returned to Haworth.
Raised in an Anglican home
Father was a clergyman
Bronte was raised by her father and aunt
Her mother and two older siblings died
Went to Clergy Daughter's School at Cowen Bridge
Mr. Brontë's opposition to the proposed marriage had weakened, and Charlotte and Nicholls became engaged. Nicholls returned as curate at Haworth, and they were married, though it seems clear that Charlotte, though she admired him, still did not love him.
Die during pregnancy
Died March 31st, 1855 Charlotte Bronte Life
in the
Victorian Era -Jane Eyre was her first published novel in 1847
-Death: Jane and Helen Burns, Charlotte and her sisters
-got ill at school and died shortly after
- (97-98) Ch. 9
-Girls had close relations with each other
-Bronte was isolated, as was Jane by desolate landscape
-Both attended school Jane Eyre
Charolette Bronte The nineteenth century was a revival of religious activity
Religion occupied a place in the public consciousness, a centrality in the intellectual life of the age
The Victorian religious revival did not last Religon Education was a valued
Working class schools were frequently "acquired" buildings and had many classrooms
Children in Victorian England were educated in many different ways, or not at all, depending on their sex and their parents' financial circumstances, social class, religion, and values.
Discipline had to be strict. Education -Marriage: Obedience, Clean Home, Polite Children, Societal Entertainment
-Governess: Be educated, have manners and social grace
-Servant: care for the home, are not to be seen
- Men: Males were superior amongst those in their household or workplace
- (79-80) Ch. 7
-Both Jane and Bronte were governesses
-Both attended school and became highly educated
-Both had opportunity at education
-Disease amongst both schools
- (99) Ch. 10 Social Classes Could marry your 1st cousin
Encouraged to marry within same social class
Husbands to-be have to be able to prove they can support family
Women had to be equipped with dowry before marriage
Unmarried women would inherit money & property after age 21
Once married, all inheritance would revert to the husband; the husband could do whatever he wanted with inheritance
Women encouraged to get married and to have children Rules For Marriage -Economic Power
-Male vs. Female
-Religious Beliefs
-Religious hypocrisy
-Class Conflict
-Social Acceptance Marxism Jane is defiant to the normal 19th century women which is considered wrong in society’s eyes
Jane is the future women for all women in the 19th century
Speaks her mind+ refuses to be a puppet+ stands for a women with rights in the future= Jane as the future women
Relates to the time period because women were expected to shut up, do as they’re told, bare children, and please their husbands. Feminism
Mandatory for woman to learn proper etiquette
Victorian society is strong and universally religious
“Victorian Values” are rigid, highly moralistic, and prudish standards of behavior
Victorian social class standards are you only associate with people of your social class Culture Proposed to by Arthur Bell Nicholls, father’s curate who loved her
Turns down his proposal
Father objected partly because Nicholls poor financial status & because Nicholls did not ask Charlotte’s father for Charlotte’s hand in marriage
Fled to London because of her father’s anger
Return and accepted Nicholls proposal Brontte's Marriage
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