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Hitler and the Rise of Nazi Germany
Transcript of Hitler and the Rise of Nazi Germany
Runaway Inflation, Recovery & Collapse, Weimar Culture
German workers protested France occupying Ruhr Valley
Though not working, the government continued to pay them, printing large amounts of cash and leading to inflation and a worthless dollar value
Western Powers attempted to help and Germany prospered
Soon the Great Depression hit and Germans turned to Adolf Hitler to restore their greatness
Though there were economic and political issues, the culture still prospered with dadist art and bauheus architecture
The Nazi Party's Rise to Power
Germans felt superior to ethnic groups such as Jews, Serbs, Poles, etc.
Hitler developed anti-Semitism (prejudice against Jews)
He fought for Germany in WW1
Later joined a group of right wing extremists
Within a year he was the leader of the Nazi's and his storm troopers were fighting in the streets
While in prison for treason, Hitler wrote Mein Kampf
Later became the basics of Nazi goals and ideology
Reflected his obsessions: extreme nationalism, racism, and anti-Semitism
Hitler blamed the Jews for Germany's defeat in WW1 and claimed they were a seperate race
Hitler claimed Germany must gain Lebensraum (living space) and inferior races must bow to their needs
Hitler comes to Power
As unemployment due to the Great Depression rose, Nazi membership hit almost a million
He promised to end reparations, create jobs, and defy the treaty of Versailles
With conservative support in 1933 Hitler was appointed chancellor legally
Within a year he became a dictator
He and his supporters suspended civil rights, destroyed political parties, and executed Nazis he felt were disloyal
The Third Reich Controls Germany, Germany Becomes a Totalitarian State
Hitler appealed to nationalism
created the third Reich "Germans would dominate Europe for a thousand Years"
Began building highways, housing, replanting forests, and creating weapons
Hitler organized brutal but efficient totalitarian rule
his secret police (Gestapo) rooted out and eliminated any opposition
Campaign Against the Jews Begins, Night of Broken Glass
Hitler set out to drive all Jews from Germany
Passed the Nuremberg laws on Jews
-cant marry non-Jews
-cant attend/teach at German schools/Universities
-cant practice laws or medicine
-cant publish books
Hitler used an incident where a Jewish boy wounded an officer to wage war on all Jews
"the night of broken glass" took place November 9th and 10th 1938
Nazi mobs attacked Jewish communities and were making plans for the extermination of all Jews
Nazi Youth, Purging German Culture
Young Germans were urged to destroy their enemies with no mercy
"Hitler Youth" took pledges to their cause and did physical training in prep for war
School courses and textbooks were changed to reflect Nazi views
Nazi's denounced modern art and Jazz music
Turned completley to old German ways and closed Catholic schools
Weimar Republic's Rise & Fall & Political Struggles
Germany was on the brink of chaos
1919 Constitution of Weimar created Weimar Republic
-Parliamentary system with Chancellor
-Women can vote
-Included a bill of rights
Germany was politically weak due to too many opposing parties and wanting different types of leaders
Many Germans blamed their political and economic issues on German Jews
Authoritarian Rule in Eastern Europe, Ethnic Conflict, Democracy Retreats
1919 a dozen countries were formed from the old Russian, Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman, and German Empires
They were all small and weak and looked to agriculture and capital to develop industry
Old rivalries created tension between ethnic groups everywhere
tensions and economic problems created instability
many places let fascist rulers gain power
The rise of Hitler and the Nazis was quick and nobody really asked any questions. Germans were excited to have a powerful leader that promised so many great things. They eagerly followed him and his beliefs, even when it came to killing other innocent people.
How did Germans react when Hitler was killing Nazis?
Where did Hitler come up with the name "storm troopers"?
How did other countries immediately react to the rise of the Nazis?