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Gay Rights Timeline

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by

Luna Frank-Fischer

on 5 April 2011

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Transcript of Gay Rights Timeline

2010 "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" created "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" repealed Bowers v. Hardwick Supreme Court of the United States upholds that laws against homosexual sodomy are, in fact, constitutional. 2010 1993 1986 The policy is a compromise between President Clinton and congress. Homosexuals are allowed in the military if they keep their orientation secret. The Obama administration passes a law that begins a transition from "Don't Ask, Don't Tell" to gays being allowed in the military. 1992 Clinton-Bush election For the first time, the issue of gay rights plays a large roll in a presidential campaign. Clinton promises to allow gays to serve in the military and to support gay rights. Clinton wins the election. 1996 US Defense of Marriage Act For legal purposes, "the word `marriage' means only a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife, and the word `spouse' refers only to a person of the opposite sex who is a husband or a wife." "No State... shall be required to give effect to any public act, record, or judicial proceeding of any other State, territory, possession, or tribe respecting a relationship between persons of the same sex that is treated as a marriage." Romer v. Evans Colorado creates laws prohibiting discrimination against gays. 1996 A new amendment repeals those laws and prohibits the creation of any laws protecting homosexuals. The United States Supreme Court decides the new amendment is unconstitutional: it treats homosexuals as unequal. 1969 Gay patrons of the Stonewall Inn fight against a police raid and spark riots. Police raid Stonewall Inn 2006 The Solomon Law denies funding to Universities that do not allow military recruiters on campus. Solomon Decision 1978 Harvey Milk, an openly gay man on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, is shot shortly after getting elected. Harvey Milk assassinated Supreme Court of the United States allows the Boyscouts to continue banning gay members. Boy Scouts of America v. Dale 2000 1980 1950 1990 2000 1970 1960 "The military society is characterized by its own laws, rules, customs, and traditions." “There is no constitutional right to serve in the armed forces.” Universities argue that recruiters discriminate against gays and therefore clash with University antidiscrimination policies. The United States Supreme Court sides against the Universities. The Vermont Supreme Court rules to allow same-sex couples the same rights as heterosexual couples, creating the first Civil Unions. First Civil Unions: in Vermont 1999 2004 First Gay Marriage: Massachusetts Massechusetts is the first state to allow homosexual marriage. Across the country, the voters of many states amend their constitution to ban gay marriage. Many states outlaw gay marriage 2004 Georgia Mississippi Arkansas Oklahoma Missouri Ohio Kentucky Michigan North Dakota Montana Utah Oregon South Carolina Tennessee Many more states vote to amend their constitutions, outlawing gay marriage. South Dakota Alabama Colorado Wisconsin Virginia 2006 Many more states outlaw gay marriage Idaho Back-and-forth in California 2008 Early in the year, the California Supreme Court allows gay marriage, as does Connecticut. Iowa, Maine, and Vermont allow gay marriage. Later this same year, Maine voters decide to ban gay marriage again. 2009 Various States Allow Gay Marriage A California court decision cancels Prop 8 and allows gay marriage. 2010 California: No More Prop 8 Later in the year, California voters pass Prop 8, which amends the constitution to ban gay marriage. Gay Rights: A Timeline
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