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Transcript of Stimulants
Michael, Justin Stimulants D.5. Stimulants D.5.1 Physiological effects of stimulants D.5.2 Compare adrenaline and Amphetamines D.5.4 effects of caffeine and compare it structure with that of nicotine Sources D.5.1 List the physiological effects of stimulants
D.5.2 Compare amphetamines and epinephrine (adrenaline
D.5.3 Discuss the short- and long- term effects of nicotine consumption
D.5.4 Describe the effects of caffeine and compare it structure with that of nicotine Stimulant- a drug which increases a state of mental alertness (They tend to increase concentration and decrease appetite.) Amphetamines http://ibchemistry-review.blogspot.com/p/option-d-drugs-and-medicines.html D.5.3 Effects of Nicotine Consumption. Short Term Long Term Examples- amphetamines, epinephrine, nicotine, caffeine. Opposite to Depressants which dull emotions, decrease brain activity, breathing rate, and makes you calm. D.5.1 Physiological Effects 1. Increased blood pressure
2. constriction of arteries
3. dilation of pupils
5. reduced appetite. Short Term Effects D.5.1 Physiological effects Long Term Effects 1. Emotional instability or depression
4. delusions and hallucinations Effects... https://ibchemistrymedicinesanddrugs.wikispaces.com/D.5+Stimulants Adrenaline Nicotine - a chemical compound found in the tobacco plant. It's a tertiary amine, which means it has at least 1 nitrogen atom with a methyl group attached. Goes straight to the central nervous system. Short-Term Effects
- Increased Heart Rate
- Increased Blood Pressure
- Appetite Suppression
- Feelings of Control and Alertness
- Easier Concentration
- Reduced Fatigue
- Increased Self Esteem and Confidence
- More Sociable Examples of Stimulants Monster Red Bull Nicotines Effects... Long-Term Effects
- Increased Anxiety
- Paranoid Psychosis
- Weight Loss
- Behavioral Changes Structures... Increase heart rate and blood pressure
Decrease in reflex time
Increased Alertness (acetylcholine and norepinephrine)
Makes the person feel calm/relaxed
Reduction in urine output Increased risk of heart disease
Coronary Thrombosis (Heart Attack)
Addictive http://www.news-medical.net/health/Nicotine-Effects.aspx Team 3's Location and Clue
Ask the Front Desk Team 1's Location and Clue
The Door (don't go in) -Synthetic drugs that stimulate the CNS (Central Nervous System)
-AKA Psychostimulant Drugs
-Can be physically and psychologically addictive - Hormone produced in the adrenal glands during high stress or exciting situations
- AKA Epinephrine
- "Fight or Flight" response Effects
- Increases blood flow to muscles
- Increases oxygen flow to the lungs Adrenal Glands
- Located directly above the kidneys vs Team 4's Location and Clue
Mornings Team 2's Location and Clue
Guinness 2005 "Adrenaline Junkies" Stimulates the nervous system by increasing the metabolic rate of nerve cells.
Widely used stimulant, present in coffee, tea, chocolate, and colas..
Intake of more than four cups of coffee per day is excessive. Pregnant women are advised to limit their caffeine intake Small Amounts:
-Restoration of mental alertness, Helps working for longer hours, Increases volume of urine, and causes dehydration. Increased concentration helps the body absorb analgesics Large Amounts: Anxiety, Irritability, Insomnia, Changes in physical coordination, Dependence, Withdrawal symptoms Similarities between nicotine and caffeine
Both contain a tertiary amine group
Both contain five member ring made of carbon and nitrogen atoms
Both contain six member rings of carbon and nitrogen Differences between nicotine and caffeine
Caffeine contains two amide groups, nicotine doesn’t
Contain an alkenes group, caffeine has one, nicotine has two
In caffeine the six and five member rings are fused while the nicotine has two
Caffeine contains two carbonyl groups and two amide groups.