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THE MALOLOS REPUBLIC

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ron villanueva

on 2 March 2011

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Transcript of THE MALOLOS REPUBLIC

A. DEVELOPMENT LEADING TO ITS ESTABLISMENT 1. Establishment o the dictatorial government

a. Aguinaldo establishes the dictatorial government on May 24, 1898.
b. This government was temporary in nature. 3. Recognition of the local government

a. On June 18, 1898,Aguinaldo issued a decree, prepared by his adviser Apolinario Mabini to recognize the local government in the provinces already freed from the Spanish control. Electors are prominent member of the society. They elected town chief, the head man of the barrio and three delegates.

b. The decree also provided or the election o delegates from each other province which was to constitute the Revolutionary Congress. 4. Establishment of Revolutionary Government

a. On June 23,1898,Aguinaldo issued another decree replacing the Dictatorial Government to Revolutionary Government.

b. The decree also provided the creation of congress. 5. The Malolos Congress

a. The member of the Congress was come from elite.

b. The first significant act of the Congress was the ratification o the Independence proclaimed in Kawit, Cavite.

c. The congress also proposed to draft a constitution, a move that Mabini opposed.

d. A committee was created to draft the constitution. On October 8, 1898, Felipe Calderon presented the draft of his constitution. The constitution was sent to Aguinaldo for approval.

e. On January 21, 1899, Aguinaldo promulgated the Malolos Constitution. The Malolos Republic

On January 23, 1899 the Philippines was inaugurated at Barasoain Church with Aguinaldo as President. 2. Declaration o the Philippine Independence

a. Aguinaldo declares independence on June 12, 1898 in Kawit, Cavite. The declaration implied that the United States was a protector o that Independence.
b. The occasion also marked the raising of the Philippine Nation flag for the first time. THE MALOLOS REPUBLIC 1. Provisions

a. Its government was “popular representatives and responsible” with three distinct branches executive, legislative and the judiciary.

b. Legislatives powers were vested in the Assemble o Representatives composed of delegates elected according to law.

c. It provided for the separation o the State and the Church.

d. The administration o justice was vested on the judicial body, is Supreme Court. 2. Unique Features

a. The assembly or the legislative branch was superior to either the executive or judicial branch.

b. It provided for a Permanent Commission to sit Legislative body when the Assemble was not in session.

c. It established a unicameral legislature. THE MALOLOS REPUBLIC B. Malolos Constitution
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