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The History of Stop Motion
Transcript of The History of Stop Motion
Thomas Edison, Born 11th February 1847, was a keen inventor and invented the first stop-motion picture camera and the lightbulb! He was the first person to experiment with stop motion and used a technique called 'stopping', where objects are moved into a frame when the filming is stopped to create an optical illusion. This can be seen in some of his short films, created in the late 1800s.
The Humpty Dumpty Circus (1897/1898)
The Humpty Dumpty circus is a short film that was produced by the founders of Vitagraph Studios, who were one of the first to use stop-motion techniques. The film featured a circus of animals and acrobats in motion, however unfortunately the footage was lost. The film was made by a small set of circus dolls which had jointed limbs, which acted as puppets almost, and could be moves limb by limb.
Humorous Phrases of Funny Faces (1906)
Humorous Phrases of Funny faces is a silent, short film made in 1906 featuring animated, hand-drawn scenes, appearing on a black board with various characters moving throughout. The director, James Stuart Blackton is considered the 'Father' of American animation, and the techniques used in this video were very innovative back in the day. He starred in his own films, and directed, produced and made most of them also. This film was the development of the Humpty Dumpty Circus.
The Fleischer Brothers (1930)
The Fleischer Brothers are the proud owners and creators of the memorable animation series and character Betty Boop. They are also the makers of other significant animations such as Gullivers Travels and 'In Merry Oldsmobile'. They were pioneers of animation at the peak of their career and changed animation forever. This was the development of hand-drawn animation and was one of the first 'cartoons' ever made.
Charlie Bowers- It's A Bird (1930)
By the time he made this strange 10-minute short clip, Charley Bowers had been a comic strip cartoonist, a pioneer animator, and a star performer in his own series of silent comedies. For his debut, Bowers drew upon all of these talents and concocted 'It's a Bird', a genuinely bizarre and unique animation. Bowers inspired many people from his pioneering work such as Fred Quimby (creator of Tom and Jerry) and Tex Avery (Droopy cartoons).
King Kong - Merian C Cooper
Jason and the Argonauts
(1963) Ray Harryhousen
Ray Harryhousen was an American visual effects creator, writer, and producer who created a form of stop-motion model animation known as 'Dynamation'. Ray projected a pre recorded scene of actors onto a board, in front of which was the animation table with the models on it. He would then place a glass sheet in front of both, and pause the film frame by frame to move the pictures and create the animated product.
Cosgrove Hall Animation
Cosgrove hall was a British film studio that was founded by Brian Cosgrove in 1976. Their most famous animation was 'The Wind In The Willows' for ITV in 1988, which, arguably, went on to be their most successful piece. They were one of the first to concentrate on mouth and facial expression animation, and therefore their final product was more effective.
Postman Pat & Fireman Sam
Fireman Sam was originally produced and aired originally in Wales after S4C's Director of Animation, Chris Grace, who saw potential in the idea of a Fireman/Hero inspired animation, and commissioned the series. The program was produced using stop-motion. It could take up to 4 days to produce 1 minute of film for this form of puppet animation. The same goes for Postman Pat, produced by Woodland Animations, featuring an animated series/program created by stop motion techniques. This arrived later however- airing on the BBC in 1981.
King Kong is distinguished for its stop-motion animation by Willis O'Brien, an american motion-picture special effects and stop-motion animation pioneer. He also made 'Mighty Young Joe (1949). His work with stop-motion followed into the remake of this film where the movements used for the characters are replicated exactly.
Aardman (Wallace and Gromit, Flushed Away)
This four time, oscar winning studio, is best known for using clay figures in stop-motion animation to create some very well-known films and productions. one of their first productions was Wallace and Gromit (1989) and they tried their hand at computer animation in 2006 with the computer-animated hit 'Flushed Away'.
Tim Burton is a completely unique and fresh stop-motion animator, and is the maker of some huge movies created in his trademark eerie style. Some of these include: Frankenweenie, The Nightmare Before Christmas and Corpse Bride. Tim Burton is one of the first animators to experiment with moveable puppets, and the technique he introduced creates an unbelievably lifelike effect- making his films easily recognizable.
As a young adult, Tim was already creating his own films such as: Vincent. He was said to be inspired by Dr Suess and Roald Dahl in his early years.
Henry Sellick - Coraline (2009)
Henry Sellick is another pioneering animator who's style (similar to Tim Burton) has changed the animation world forever. Sellick, like Tim Burton, uses hand crafted and moveable puppets to star as the characters in his productions. They are moved around at 26fps and create a brilliant effect because of the animation this allows.
Youtube was created on the 14th February 2005, and has since changed the internet completely, making video sharing a viral craze. Youtube has helped many people rise to fame, vloggers, actors etc but also the hopeful animators of future generations, that have been inspired and want to portray there work somewhere. Youtube allows newer animators to compare and showcase their work freely, and recieve feedback from people all over the world.
Thankyou for Watching!