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Phobias

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Alyx Olney

on 8 April 2013

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Transcript of Phobias

PHOBIAs Phobias treatment By: Alyx Olney and Hannah Noker pho·bi·a an excessive, persistent, and irrational fear of specific objects, situations, or activites. There are three major perspectives on the causes of Phobias: Behavior, Cognitive, and Biological Perspectives. noun B
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L P E R S P E C T I V E THE MOST COMMON Less Common Acrophobia: the fear of heights

Agoraphobia: the fear of wide open or exposed spaces; the fear of the outside

Claustrophobia: the fear of closed-in spaces

Ophidiophobia: the fear of snakes Anglophobia: the fear of the English, English Culture, etc.

Geniophobia: the fear of chins

Hexakosioihexekontahexaphobia: the fear of the number 666

Papaphobia: the fear of the Pope or the Roman Catholic church

Phobophobia: the fear of phobias Fredd. "ThePhobia List." ThePhobia List. N.p., 17 July 1995. Web. 14 Mar. 2013. bibliography American Psychiatric Association. "Anxiety Disorders." American Psychiatric
Association, 2012. Web. 13 Mar. 2013. it is believed that fear can be a learned response due to operant conditioning, classical conditioning, and observational learning. fear conditioning: Kelvens, Carissa. "Fear and Anxiety." Fear and Anxiety. California State University, Spring 1997. Web. 15 Mar. 2013. types Specific (simple) phobias: most common, focuses on a specific object or situation

Social phobia: causes extreme anxiety in social or public situations Associated Psychologists & Therapists. "Fears and Phobias." Associated Psychologists & Therapists, 2006. Web. 15 Mar. 2013. BEHAVIOR perspective COGNITIVE perspective BIOLOGICAL perspective Kelvens, Carissa (Spring 1997). Fear and Anxiety. Retrieved from http://www.csun.edu/~vcpsy00h/students/fear.htm American Psychiatric Association (2012). Anxiety Disorders. Retrieved from http://www.psychiatry.org/anxiety-disorders Culbertson, Fredd (2010). The Phobia List. Retrieved from http://phobialist.com/reverse.html Associated Psychologists and Therapists (2006). Fears and Phobias. Retrieved from http://psychologists.org/help_fears.html A.D.A.M. (2012, March 7). Phobia - Simple/Specific. Retrieved from http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/phobia-simplespecific/overview.html Imbalances of certain neurotransmitters (most notedly seratonin and GABA) may contribute to anxiety disorders; phobias fall under anxiety disorders. There is also some evidence suggesting that the amygdala, or "fear center", in people with anxiety disorders is overly-sensitive. McLeod, Saul (2007). Simple Psychology. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/cognitive.html on social phobia: Our brain over-exaggerates the possible likeliness of embarrassing situations and of being judged by the people in these situations. American Psychological Association Division 12. Society of Clinical Psychology. Retrieved from http://www.div12.org/PsychologicalTreatments/treatments/socialphobia_cbt.html In order to counteract fear conditioning, behavioral perspective treatment involves reconditioning a person to have a positive conditioned response to a previously feared stimulus.
This reconditioning is called counterconditioning. This is usually done by a process known as systematic desensitization. Treatment from a cognitive perspective involves therapy aimed at changing the way you think of the things that scare you. With social phobia, the process involves modifying thoughts the center on the likelihood of social failure or rejection. This is called cognitive restructuring. The biological perspective uses medications to adjust your levels of certain neurotransmitters such as seratonin and GABA. A selective-seratonin-reuptake-inhibitor (SSRI) is often the first choice. Note: most treatments involve combining perspectives. Medication especially, is rarely prescribed without therapy. * Most common perspective on treatment an eclectic therapy that combines the behavior and cognitive perspectives is called rational-emotive.
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