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First Nations then and know

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Olivia Beckerman

on 10 February 2015

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Transcript of First Nations then and know

First Nations Then and Now
The First Nations people faced many challenges, from the 1800's and 1900's, and some are still going on today. We will now take a closer look into the challenges that the First Nations people faced in the past, and the challenges that they are still facing in the present.
Many things that occurred in the past are no longer going on but the First Nations people still face challenges of inequality compared to many Canadians. Some of the challenges are lower levels of education, high rate of unemployment, inadequate health care, and diminishing elements of their culture.
Present Day Challenges
What has Changed and What Remains the Same
First Nations Main Challenges: The Past and Present
Health Care
Many Aboriginal people live in remote areas where it is difficult to find hospitals, doctors, and clean water. Aboriginal people remain at a higher risk for illnesses and earlier death compared to non aboriginals because of inadequate health care.
Education and Employment
One of the main challenges for First Nations people is accessing a good education. In 1996 the Royal Commission the Aboriginal people called education "The key that unlocks the door to the future". In 2006 a census sadly showed 34% of the Aboriginal population aged between 25 and 64 had not completed high school, or obtained another diploma or certification.
Culture
Language and music are a large part of Aboriginal culture. Over the past one hundred years at least ten aboriginal languages have became extinct.
Past to Present- some things have not changed
-There is still not consistent access to health care
-There is still a high rate of unemployment and lower life expectancy compared to the rest of Canada
-Many First Nations choose to live in remote areas

-Global warming is now affecting their lifestyle
(fishing, and hunting)
-Greater awareness and empathy towards Aboriginal
issues
-Aboriginal people have more rights, and the same laws
as the rest of Canada
-Access to health care and better education is improving but there is still a gap from the rest of Canada
Aboriginal culture is improving but still has lots of challenges. Even though many rules have been lifted, Aboriginal people still face unacceptable challenges to there way of life.
The First Nations people faced many challenges from 1890 to 1914. Most of these challenges occurred after Confederation. The main challenges that we will be talking about today are reserves and the surveyors on the First Nations land.
Challenges from 1890-1914
The Surveyors
We know that after the Confederation, the Canadian government sent out surveyors onto the First Nations people's land.
Reserves
After Confederation, the Canadian government took over the First Nation's land. The First Nations people were pushed off of their land and onto reserves. But on these reserves, the First Nations people were not treated with respect. .
The Numbered Treaties
Another challenge that the First Nations people faced was the Numbered Treaties. The First Nations were forced to sign the Numbered Treaties, and the reason that they did sign them was because they were scarce on food supplies and were promised things in return, for example, annual payments and land. But some of these Treaties were not being kept.
Past to Present- there have been many changes
Bibliography
chr-ccdp.ca
canadiana.ca
ictinc.ca
statcan.gc.ca
4.hrsdc.gc.ca
theconversation.com
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