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The Elizabethan World View

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by

Franzi Krill

on 19 January 2013

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Transcript of The Elizabethan World View

The Elizabethan World View The chain of being Order of the universe nobody is allowed to break out of the order
result: chaos
perfect order and hierarchy from God down to the most insignificant creature or object Angel on the top of the pyramide
outside the physical limitations
omnipotence
omniscient
omnipresence pure spirit
no physical bodys
outside of the physical limitations of time
no omnipresence ( no attributes-, like God, like animals and human beings or physical ones) Humanity unique position
like angels :realm of being
unlike angels: human souls are "knotted" to physical body
it is difficult to balancing the devine and the naturalistic part
sensory limited by physical organs Animals animated
limited intelligence and awareness of their surroundings
no immortal soul
each subgroup of animals also had its own primate
e.g lions / elephants Plants no mental attributes
can grow and reproduce
greater tolerances for heat and cold
primate of plants was the oak tree
medicinal virtues Minerals the lowest of elements
cannot grow an reproduce
no mental attributes
solidity and strength
magical powers Worldview of English society during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I
Order of the universe - the macrocosm - is reflected in miniature - in microcosm
There are four elements of creation - air, fire, earth and water
were obsessed with perfection
felt threatened by disorder and chaos Macrocosm Microcosm "micro"= small
the humans body as a map of the universe
Body is a little world
created in God's own Image
is a primate over the animals Presentation by Florian, Caro and Franzi Sources http://www.rainbowschools.ca/mss/wilsonw/ENG4U%20Course%20Resources/ENG4U%20Unit%204%20Hamlet/The%20Elizabethan%20World%20View.pdf
http://english.freehosting.net/nomentano/chain%20of%20being.htm
http://web.cn.edu/kwheeler/Tillyard01.html
http://web.cn.edu/kwheeler/ppt/Chain_short.pps
http://www.tep-online.info/shake/shake2.htm
http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elisabethanisches_Zeitalter
http://www.wvup.edu/mberdine/Shakespeare/ShakElizWorldView.htm
https://classnet.wcdsb.ca/sec/StM/Gr10/.../ChainofBeingNotes.pdf God God
Angels
Humanity
Animals
Plants
Minerals Macrocosm is a greek compound which stands for “large” and “ordered world”
it is a schema of seeing the same patterns reproduced in all levels of the cosmos, from the largest scale (macrocosm or universe-level) all the way down to the smallest scale (microcosm or sub-sub-atomic or even metaphysical-level)
in the system the midpoint is Man, who summarizes the cosmos.
the great world or universe; the universe considered as a whole (opposed to microcosm) people of shakepeare’s time believed in an absolutely ordered universe in which all things could be clearly ranked in an order
this view corresponded with their religious beliefs, political system and limited scientific understanding of the world
ranked in an order -> the chain of being
order of the universe -> order of the state -> order of person ( the order of universe is reflected in the state and in every person) Influences people's attitude the people think that the whole universe revolves around them because they are in the center of it
they think that they are the crown of creation
they think that a wrongdoing has bad effects on the order of the universe --> war; destruction politics there was the conception of the chain of being
kingdom as a important influence/ social institute
--> human and political act was influenced by that conception (chain of being/ body politic) society macrocosm = large society
ordered because of the chain of being
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