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Life on the Arabian Peninsula
Transcript of Life on the Arabian Peninsula
• Some desert Arabs practiced polytheism—belief in many gods
- eventually began to worship at the Kaaba
• Pilgrimage:A journey to sacred place
• Mecca became annual pilgrimage site for many in Arabia
• Jews, Christians peopled Arabia; Arabs blended many beliefs, rituals
Muhammad, Prophet of Islam, born in Mecca A.D. 570 Many religions Lesson Summary
• The harsh physical features of the Arabian peninsula and its arid climate
caused many people to be nomads.
• The peninsulaʼs location at the crossroads of three continents encouraged trade
and cultural exchange.
• Mecca was a trade center and a religious center. Growth of Trade Cities -Market towns grew into trade cities as a growing number of people moved to them. Larger settlements near the western coast of the Arabian peninsula became centers for local, regional, and long-distance trade. Cities such as Mecca and Medina became important trade centers becuase they were near large oaises. These places became important stops along the many trade routes that crossed the peninsula. Vocabulary nomads- people who move place to place rather than settling permanetly. oasis-a fertile area in the middle of the desert. clans- a group of people related by blood or marriage. Allah- God in the Islamic region monothesim- a belief in one God. pilgrimage- a journey to a sacred place or shrine. Trade Routes and Trade Goods Arabia was connected major trade centers through sea and land routes. Trade also encouraged cultural exchange as they traded goods. For example, traders sometimes would pickup knowledge of different religons from the cities they visited. Merchants carried information as well as products. Abraham in Mecca Abraham is a early figure in Jewish, Christian, and Islamic regions.
Arabs believe themselves as descendents of Abraham.
Arabs associate the Ka'aba with Abraham.
They believe that Abraham built the Ka'aba with his son Ischmeal as a temple to God. A Desert Culture The deserts of the Arabian peninsula cover hundreds of thousands of square miles.
One desert in the south was so enormous and so desolate that Arabs call it the Rub al-khali, which means "the empty quarter".
Physical Features and Climate The Arabian peninsula lies between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf.
The desert recieves little rain and is covered mainly by deserts, because of its climate, only a small amount of land is useful for agriculture. Nomads
Bedouins traveled within a specific area as they seek water and grazing land, for their herds.
Bedouins interacted with people who setteled at oases and lived a sedentary, or settled life. Family Life Bedouins organized their selves into groups called clans.
Bedouins took pride in their ability to adapt to life in the desert.
Bedouins became the core of armies that would help create the Muslim Empire, because of their fighting ability. Crossroads to three Continents The Arab peninsula was the crossroad to three continents,Asia, Africa, and Europe.
It is surronded by bodies of water.
The Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Arabian Sea, and the Persian Gulf surronded the Arabian peninsula.