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French Occupation

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by

Cole Guyton

on 21 September 2013

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Transcript of French Occupation

France
French Occupation

- Nazi control over France
- Battle of France, 10 May 1940
Included the Battle of Dunkirk.
- Armistice signed
- New government
- June 1940 to August 1944
Vichy, France
- New government established
- Unoccupied southern "free zone" of France
- Called themselves the "French State"
- Controlled both sides
- France now neutral in war
Philippe Pétain
- Marshal of France
- Signed Armistice
- Leader of Vichy
Regime
- Collaborated with
Nazis
Occupied Zone
- Nazi control over northern zone
- Direct Nazi control over Alsace and Lorraine
- 1942: Germans occupy Vichy
- Vichy still continued to have
power
Collaborators
- French teaming up with Germans
- Provided for Germany
- Made agreements
- Vichy law banning anti-semitism in media removed
- The press
- Raids by French Police
- Vichy authorities deported ~76,000 Jews
- Daily mailing of letters of denunciation to Germans
La Résistance
- Groups that were against
French Occupation
- Maquis
- Underground newspapers
and radio broadcasts
- Conseil National de la
Resistance (CNR)
- Aided and financed
by British
- August 19 1944:
fiercest resistance
Charles de Gaulle
Conflicts between
the French people
Consequences
- French General
- Against Nazi Germany
occupying France
- Leader of Résistance
- Free French Forces
- President of CNR
- Inspired many French
people to fight
- Conflicts within Communist Party
- Some opposed collaboration with Nazis
- Conflicts between Vichy Regime and Resistance
- Germans taking over/making
things theirs
- Forced into labor (The Service du travail obligatoire)
- Ration of food
- Concentration camps
- Divided land
- Arrests, raids, streets searched
- Letters read before sent on
- Workers on strike
The end of the
French Occupation
- August, 1944: France was liberated
by Allies
- All Vichy laws removed
- Petain on trial and found guilty
- Put in prison for life and died 6 years later
- Charles de Gaulle plays role in politics
The End
French Occupation
by Cole Guyton and Phillip Yonge
Bibiliography
Philippe Burrin (1998). France Under the Germans: Collaboration and Compromise. New York: New Press. ISBN 1-56584-439-4.
The American Historical Association. act=justtop&url=http://www.historycooperative.org/journals/ahr/111.5/br_161.html "Book Review of Morts d'inanition: Famine et exclusions en France sous l'Occupation"
"NAZI PERSECUTION". Imperial War Museum. 2011.
Thorton, Willis (1962). The Liberation of Paris – Google Books. Harcourt, Brace & World (via Google Books).
January 13, 1943 : junction between franco-british troops in Libya, OFFICE FRANCAIS D'INFORMATIONS CINEMATOGRAPHIQUES – 1 January 1943
Treaty of Versailles
Desire for Territorial Expansion
Resentment From WWI
Rise of Dictatorships
Causes of WWII
Hurt Germany
League of Nations
Left Many Governments Weak
War Debt
Loss of Land
Revenge
Germany
Italy
Spain
Japan
Russia
Economic Gain
Imperialism
France emerged from WWI victorious, but exhausted. 1.3 million soldiers were killed, an average of 890 per day for more than four years. The dead left behind 600,000 widows, 760,000 orphans, and 1.3 million grieving parents.

Prologue
Treaty of Versailles
The
Treaty of Versailles
of 1919 was one of the peace treaties signed at the end of World War I that officially ended the war.
The Allied Powers (France, Great Britain, the United States and Italy) viewed Germany though as the chief instigator of the conflict and war.
As a result, the Allied Powers decided to impose particularly stringent treaty obligations upon Germany.
The Treaty of Versailles was the treaty created to deal specifically with
Germany
.
The allies of Germany (Austria-Hungry, Bulgaria, and Turkey) would be dealt with
separately
in other treaties.
The original armistice ending the war against Germany was signed in the same railway cart used during the Nazi's armistice against France.
Full transcript