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Human Rights

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Emily Black

on 20 November 2013

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Transcript of Human Rights

Human Trafficking
Sex Slavery

Universal Declaration of Human Rights
The face of Modern Slavery
R v. Wei Tang [2006] VCC 637
What is Human Trafficking
Human Trafficking is the illegal trade of Human beings through transportation, transfer, harbouring and receipt of a person mainly for the purposes of exploiting that person through slavery, forced labour and/or sexual exploitation.
This is not a far away problem, it affects every nation across the globe. Every 30 seconds, someone is forced into this type of bondage-modern slavery. In fact it is estimated that there is 27 million in bondage across the globe. That is nearly the whole population of Australia.1.4 million of those are sex slaves. 800,000 are children.
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), is a declaration of rights adopted by the United Nations in 1948, it was the first universal recognition of Human Rights.
The UDHR states that Human rights are considered to be
(to be enjoyed by all human beings),
(they can't be given up or taken away
(birthright of all humans and enjoyment simply by reason of their humanity) to all people.
In Article 1 it states:
'All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights...'
In Article 4 it states:
No one shall be held in slavery
or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be
in all forms.'
Article 5 states:
'No one shall be subjected to torture or to
cruel, inhuman
degrading treatment
or punishment.'
New York Times
The Face of Modern Slavery
Published: November 16, 2011
13/11/2013 & 16/11/2013
In Bangladesh, Srey Pov's family sold her to a brothel when she was 6 years old. A Western pedophile purchased her virginity, she said, and the brothel tied her naked and spread-eagled on a bed so that he could rape her. After that, the girl was in huge demand because she was so young. Some 20 customers raped her nightly, she remembers. And the brothel twice stitched her vagina closed so that she could be resold as a virgin. Each time she rebelled she was locked naked in the darkness in a barrel half-full of sewage, replete with vermin and scorpions that stung her regularly. When asked how long she was punished this way, everyone was thinking perhaps an hour or two.

“The longest?” she remembered. “It was a week.”

In response to this issue, the media has shone a light on Human Trafficking which tends to be covered in darkness in the Western world.

Article 5 of the UDHR: 'No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.'

On 17th of September 1974 Bangladesh signed up to be a member state of the UN, but have still to ratify the UDHR. Bangladesh have since ratified the ICCPR (International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights) which deals with: The right to freedom from slavery, and the right to freedom from torture or from
degrading treatment
The judge stated in relation to this:
''How could they run away when they had no money, no passport, they entered on an illegally obtained visa and had no friends?''

In response to this case the media placed enormous scrutiny at an international level on Ms Tang, leading to her imprisonment. The media coverage of this case also brought international attention to human trafficking in Australia.
Human Trafficking in Australia
Human Trafficking in Australia is largely confined to sex slaves that have been trafficked here, usually from poor regions in South-East Asia. Human traffickers lure mainly young women and children to leave their rural villages with promises of well-paid work. Instead they are sent to brothels in Australia. Australia has demonstrated a commitment at an international level to dealing with human trafficking.
In 1926 the League of Nations adopted the Slavery Convention. Australia ratified this convention into domestic law in 1927. In Article 2 it states:
To prevent and suppress the slave trade
To bring about, progressively and as soon as possible, the complete abolition of slavery in all its forms.
This was the first international law that defined slavery and slave trade, and required signatory governments to abolish slavery.

This convention has ensured that Australia remains signatory to all Human Trafficking legislation made into domestic law. It has been effective as it has required all Governments who sign it to abolish slavery, and it also represents the first international law that effectively suppresses and combats slavery in all forms, particularly Human Trafficking.
The nation state of Bangladesh was founded on March 26th 1971, and since then has become a significant trafficking route in the South-Asia Gulf region.

Just like in other parts of Asia, Bangladesh girls (under 18 years of age) from the villages are trafficked for about 1,000 US dollars and sold to the sex industry.
It is an offense under the Bangladesh legal system. The Constitution of the Peoples' Republic of Bangladesh prohibits forced and compulsory labour "All forms of forced labour are prohibited" (Article 34).
However, the low number of court cases and convictions regarding trafficking in Bangladesh, demonstrates the weak implementation of existing laws. 53 cases were brought before the court, out of which 35 were dismissed on the basis of lack of adequate evidence. This emphasises that the response to Human Trafficking in Bangladesh is not effective, and therefore not enforced.

Complete elimination of Human trafficking in the world is a hard goal to attain, let alone a newly founded nation.

The government should be pressured to strictly enforce the existing laws and ensure harsh measures against the traffickers. Punishment of the traffickers should immediately take place and handed down within the shortest period of time using a summary trial.

A21 Campaign- Abolishing injustice in the 21st century
The A21 campaign seeks to abolish injustice in the 21st century.

The A21 campaign seek to prevent trafficking through awareness and education. They have created presentations and curriculum to educate potential victims of trafficking. There aim is to prevent trafficking through awareness before it begins.

The A21 campaign protect those who have been trafficked by building shelters and transition homes. They seek to empower survivors to live in freedom and equip them with skills for the future.

They seek to prosecute traffickers and strengthen the legal response to human trafficking. They provide legal counsel to every victim in care and represent victims in criminal proceedings.

They partner with community services and local law enforcements to set needs for victims. They aim to strengthen every aspect of anti-trafficking efforts so together everyone can see injustice abolished.

The A21 campaign
In the past 5 years, the A21 campaign have assisted more than 100 victims of human trafficking through their Greece shelter alone.
In the past year they have DOUBLED their presence in schools and outreach programs, reaching 45, 000 students.
In Greece, 63% of ALL convicted trafficking cases were won by A21 lawyers.
83% of human trafficking victims in Bulgaria were rehabilitated in the A21 transition home.

The availability of their shelters means more and more victims are able to live in freedom and be equipped for the future. Through their active involvement in communities, passion to prosecute traffickers and partnerships with law enforcements their response to this issue is critical.

Ms Tang was convicted under Commonwealth laws in Victoria of five counts of possessing a slave and five counts of exercising power over a slave, for which she was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment. Ms Tang owned a licensed brothel in which five Thai women were been used as sex slaves. The women had limited English and were not allowed to keep their passports. Ms Tang argued that the girls did not know they were slaves, and were not locked up and could leave.
Nicholas D. Kristof, a columnist for the New York Times writes in the Opinion pages twice a week. Kristof focuses on the disadvantaged in many parts of the world, with firm beliefs that prolonged suffering of the victims of human trafficking can be stopped.

His voice has been beneficial in
mobilising public support and involvement to help prevent and combat trafficking. Kristof has given human trafficking international coverage, and has assisted in identifying traffickers and protecting victims.

The Polaris Project vision is to see a world without slavery, through combating human trafficking and modern day slavery. It seeks to strengthen the anti-trafficking movement, by a realistic approach.
The Polaris Project is a leading organisation in the fight against modern day slavery. The Polaris Project is transforming the way that individuals and communities respond to human trafficking globally.
By successfully pushing for stronger federal and state laws, operating the National Human Trafficking Resource Center hotline, conducting trainings, and providing vital services to victims of trafficking, Polaris Project creates long-term solutions that benefit the Globe on an international level.
In 2004 Polaris Project filmed a video footage of sex trafficking of a young girl. The first community-wide Human Trafficking Task Forces was launched. "This coordination now triples the success rates of prosecutions." - Polaris Project
Natalia's story
At 14, Natalia had met a guy through a friend and they had arranged to meet up for a coffee date. She was excited to meet him and thought they were having a great time, laughing and chatting. What Natalia didn't realized was that when she went to the bathroom he drugged her coffee, causing her to pass out. She was thrown into the trunk of a car and driven away. When she finally awoke, she found herself chained to a bed, in a different country. Natalia was raped and beaten repeatedly. Soon after she was sold as a sex slave.
Natalia had become one of the 800,000 women and girls trafficked across international borders every year. Sadly, only 1% of the victims are ever rescued. However, Natalia is a part of this 1%. After being rescued, Natalia was brought to one of the A21 Safehouses. She was given full medical care including treatments and testings. Natalia was also provided with life skills and job trainings, to help her take back ownership of her life to give her freedom, hope and a new chance at life.
The A21 lawyers also helped to see Natalia's traffickers sentenced to 15.5 years in prison and fined $155, 000 dollars.
Partnering with local law enforcement, service providers, and community members, The A21 Campaign with the help of international coverage including the media, aims to strengthen every aspect of anti-trafficking efforts so together we can see injustice abolished.

A profitable enterprise
Ranking behind Illegal drugs and Arms trafficking, Human trafficking is estimated to be the third largest international crime industry, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. It is believed to generate profits of an estimated $32 billion annually, according to a 2005 report from the International Labour Organisation.
The media plays an invaluable role in educating people about the manifestations of global human trafficking. In this case, in response to the generating International Crime Industries many un-educated people are been reached where Human Trafficking is prevalent.
The CNN freedom project
July 29th, 2011
A21 campaign
September 2013, 16/11/2013
Anti-People trafficking Interdepartmental Committee
Australia’s anti-trafficking efforts are overseen and, to some degree, co-ordinated by the national Anti-People Trafficking Interdepartmental Committee, which was founded in 2003. This committee brings together all Federal Government agencies and works in combating, preventing and suppressing Human Trafficking in Australia and through foreign affairs, overseas.
Australia’s response to Human Trafficking reflects Australia’s obligations as a party to the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC) since 2004 and its Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children since 2005.

Through specialist teams within the Australian Federal Police, legislation to criminalise human trafficking, specialist immigration officers, a victims support program, and visa arrangements; Australia is effectively addressing the full cycle of trafficking, and aiding in suppressing Human Trafficking around the globe.

Pearson Australia 2010
Sometimes when it comes to personal stories, our eyes just glaze over them. Well glazed eyes, meet Melissa Woodward.
In the late 1980s, a family member groomed Melissa to be a sex slave in Dallas. He physically abused and sexually molested her until the age of 12 and then began selling Melissa to other men. When she was in year 6, Melissa was yanked out of school to go full-time into sex trafficking. She was housed in warehouse quarters where all she got each day was a sandwich and water. She was chained to a bed, while some men held her, while others tortured her. One time she was in such pain that she bit her tongue until she had no nerve endings and could not speak. Then one night she was lit on fire.

In response to Melissa Woodward's campaign to bring about change the media has gone public with her story, broadcasting it on CBN TV so that she can expose human rights abuse and bring freedom to others in her situation.
27 million isn't just a number, and 1% isn't just a statistic. When a number has a face. A statistic has a story. Then that changes everything.
CBN.com 2009, 16/11/2013
Full transcript