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Transcript of Nazi Propaganda
"The Medium is the Message" Short Slogans and Phrases "Hitler über Deutschland" ("Hitler over Germany") In this picture, the uniform to the left was worn by a Ortsgruppenleiter, or local group leader, of the party. The uniform to the right was worn by a Hauptstellenleiter of the local group. A Haupstellenleiter was a subordinate of the local group leader. Uniforms Colored Flags, Uniforms and Posters Colored Flags Posters The uniform to the left is an SS parade uniform. The uniform to the right, and the coat, are those of an SS Oberführer. The uniform to the left is for a member of the Nazi organization for university students and the uniform to the right is for a member of the Nazi organization for nurses. "All propaganda has to be popular and has to adapt its spiritual level to the perception of the least intelligent of those towards whom it intends to direct itself."
-Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf This poster was from March 1933, and it says “In the deepest need Hindenburg chose Adolf Hitler for Reich Chancellor. You too should vote for List 1.”
Hindenburg was the President of Germany from 1925 to 1933, so Hitler used the appeal of being backed by a higher authority as a way to win over the people of Germany. He presented this in many of his posters so the Germans could see the good relationship he had with the President and higher authorities. This poster is of Hitler and it says “One people, one nation, one leader.” In this poster, Hitler is promoting dictatorship and his rise to power with the slogan. But the way he is standing in the poster also makes him seem like a "higher authority" and that he is beaming with confidence. This is a typical early Nazi poster from 1921. The first Nazi posters has bright red backgrounds and a lot of text. This one announces that Hitler will speak, it gives the topic, and also says that Jews are prohibited from attending the speech.
In Hitler's Mein Kampf, he wrote :
“We chose red for our posters, since it is vivid and was the color that most aroused our opponents. It forced them to notice and remember us.” Music and Songs Modern Communications and Technologies Mass Public Rallies and Spectacles Focus on Youth and Young Families "Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer"
“One people, one nation, one leader.”
This is a reference to Hitler's political ambitions of ruling over all of Germany and to him campaigning by aircraft This political slogan represents the unity between the people in Germany and their leader, Hitler. It also represents Hitler being Fuhrer by combining the position of president and Chancellor so that Germany has one leader. After the establishment of the Nazi regime in 1933, the old German flag was thrown out and the Nazi flag was introduced. Hitler used the exchanging of flags to show how the old government is being done away with and it is now the Nazi party that is in control. "I tell you that the National Socialist movement (Nazi Party) will go on for 1,000 years!" In this slogan, Hitler talks about the Nazi party and how with him as dictator they will be unstoppable. He wins the people over with his confidence and gives them hope of a new and better Germany. Hitler and the Nazi party uses slogans and phrases to envoke support from the Germans in his political campain. Hitler and the Nazi party used slogans to encourage Germans to once again have pride in themselves, their country and their Fuhrer. He also uses some slogans to talk down upon the Jews, because he wants all of the German citizens to believe that the Jews are the problem. Hitler put Dr. Joseph Goebbels in charge of Nazi propaganda. His official title was Minister of Propaganda and National Enlightenment. Goebbels two main goals were to ensure nobody in Germany could read or see anything that was hostile or damaging to the Nazi Party and to ensure that the views of the Nazis were put across in the most persuasive manner possible. Film The Nazis controlled film production because the films released to the public concentrated on certain issues. These issues were the Jews, the greatness of Hitler, and way of life for true Nazi, especially children.
Hitler used film to portray all of the good ideas about his political campaign. He also used it to make himself more appealing to the public. This was significant to the Nazi propaganda campaign because through film, the Nazis were able to uplift the image of their party and to spreadthe ideas of their campaign to a broader spectrum of people.
"Triumph of Will" was a film produced by Leni Riefenstahl and it was considered one of the greatest propaganda films. The film contains excerpts from speeches given by various Nazi leaders at the Congress, including portions of speeches by Adolf Hitler, with footage of massed party members. Radio Music Restrictions Under the Nazi regime, all of the music that was produced has to fit within certain standards. The Nazis tried to create a balance in music between censorship and creativity. By adding these restrictions, a new type of policy was made that included:
1. Guaranteed jobs for loyal Nazi members that were talented musicians.
2. Any non-Jewish person who demonstrated a "genius" for music and was a member of the Reich Music Chamber was permitted employment. Examples of Nazi Propaganda in Songs -Richard Wagner was considered Hitler's favorite composer. All of Wagner's music was extremely serious, intense and Teutonic. Hitler particularly enjoyed Wagner's music, but he also agreed with his political views. Wagner wrote an antisemitic booklet insisting that the Jews poisoned public taste in the arts. With music and songs, you could only hear what the Nazis wanted you to hear. They believed this would help their rise to power, because if everyone believe what they were hearing then their would be little opposition to their rule. The constraints on music were very helpful to their rise to power because it allowed them to only be viewed in a positive light. The Nazi party used colored flags, uniforms, and posters to help add to the appeal of their party. The Nazi flag represented a new government and a new leader. Using a new flag helped the Nazi party to step out of the light of the old government and show that there would be changed. The Nazis also had uniforms for each separate party. They liked the use of uniforms because they felt that it demonstrated status and power and the display of power was a major element in Nazi propaganda. Finally, the use of posters was a major way to get the political campaign of the Nazi party out to the German society so that everyone would be able to see what the Nazis planned to do for Germany. The posters also served as a way to put down the Jews. Goebbels believed that the radio was the best device to used for propagands. He used the radio to ensure that everyone could her Hitler speak. To do this Goebbels sold cheap radios, so that even the poor were able to hear Hitler and the leaders of the Nazi party speak. Also, to ensure that everyone could hear the Nazi party speeches, Goebbels put up loud speakers in the streets and he ordered Cafes and other properties to play any public speech by Hitler.
The radio was a major device used to help the Nazis rise to power, because it allowed Hitler and the Nazi party to get their message out to mass audiences. Also, it allowed the Germans to hear how confident Hitler was, so it helped his appeal. Planes Hitler was the first major leader of any time to commute by airplane. He used this as a sort of propaganda, and also to get his message across to more people. The greatest help the airplane provided
to the Nazi rise to power was allowing Hitler to move quickly between cities, thus again allowing him to reach a greater audience, which allowed him to gain
more supporters. While the use of the airplane as a mode of transportation was useful, the propaganda of "Hitler over Germany" was ever greater. In "Triumph of the Will", a film by Leni Riefenstalen, nearly two minutes of the opening is devoted to showing Hitler descending through the clouds in his plane. The Rallies were important to the Nazi rise to power because they were good at gaining public support. They were designed to increase the dedication of members, bring them closer together, and also to attract new members. At these rallies, Hitler used various devices to enhance the experience such as broadcast systems and lighting effects. The Nazi party used rallies to help gain power and support for their political party. The public spectacles were also very important because the Nazis twisted events to make the people they don't like seem bad, like the Communists or Jews. Public spectacles were also good at drawing support from the people by creating a sense of chaos that Hitler and the other Nazi leaders could fix. Hitler used the microphone extensively in his speeches, because when he used the microphone, he could reach thousand of people instead of hundreds. The use of the microphone was important for the Nazi rist to power because it made rallies more influential and it allowed Hitler to get his message out to more people. Microphone -Horst-Wessel-Lied ("Horst Wessel Song") was the anthem of the Nazi party from 1930 to 1945. When Adolf Hitler became chancellor , the Horst Wessel song was recognized as a national symbol by a law on May 19, 1933. The following year a regulation required the right arm raised in a "Hitler salute" when the first and fourth verses were sung. This song represented allegiance and pride to Germany while also acknowledging Hitler as their leader. Adolf Hitler (front row on aisle) listens as Wagnerian conductor, Dr. C. Muck, leads the Leipzig Orchestra. Reichstag fire On February 27, 1933, Marinus van der Lubbe a communist from Holland, decided to burn the Reichstag. Hitler used this burning of the Reichstag as a direct threat of Communist attack. Hitler states this to a news reporter at the scene "You are now witnessing the beginning of a great epoch in German history...This fire is the beginning." After viewing the damage, an emergency meeting of government leaders was held. When told of the arrest of the Communist arsonist, Van der Lubbe, Hitler became deliberately enraged.
"The German people have been soft too long. Every Communist official must be shot. All Communist deputies must be hanged this very night. All friends of the Communists must be locked up. And that goes for the Social Democrats and the Reichsbanner as well!"
Hitler and Goebbels put together a paper full of tales of a Communist plot to violently seize power in Berlin. attempting to burn government buildings to protest capitalism and start a revolt.
This was significant to the Nazi party because it allowed the Nazis to enforce their negative feelings of the Communists and it helped enforce their political campaign. Raiding of Libraries During the spring of 1933, Nazi student organizations, professors, and librarians made up long lists of books they thought should not be read by Germans. Then, on May 10, 1933, Nazis raided libraries and bookstores across Germany. They marched by torchlight in nighttime parades, sang chants, and threw books into huge bonfires where more than 25,000 books were burned. Some were from Jewish writers, like Albert Einstein and Sigmund Freud. Most of the books were by non-Jewish writers, includingack London, Ernest Hemingway, and Sinclair Lewis. These books were burned because they had different ideas from the Nazis, therefore they weren't to be read.
This was significant because it showed the extreme methods the Nazis would use to make everything only be in accordance with the Nazi party ideas. Nuremberg Rallies The Nurember rallies were mainly propaganda events that were staged to reinforce party enthusiasm and to show the power of the Nazi party to the rest of germany and the world. Hitler created the Bund Deutscher Maedel and Hitler-jugend (League of German Girls and Hitler Youth) to promote nationalism in young girls and boys. The program was very successful. So much so that children were often ostracized if they did not join.
This was a very important program for the Nazi party because it was teaching the youth about the Nazi party and by starting at a young age it made them more susceptible to believing and agreeing with the ideas of the Nazi party. http://www.historyplace.com/worldwar2/riseofhitler/burns.htm
histclo.com/youth/youth/org/nat/hitler/hitler.htm Works Cited By: Somer Jones