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AP Human Geography: 2011 Free Response Question

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Bernadyne Thelemaque

on 1 April 2015

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Transcript of AP Human Geography: 2011 Free Response Question

AP Human Geography: 2011 Free Response Question
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Question #1
Question #2
2. In 1798 Thomas Robert Malthus published An Essay on the Principle of Population in which he argued that
population growth will inevitably outpace food production, resulting in widespread famine.

A
. Identify and explain TWO reasons why some geographers today believe Malthus’ theory can be used to
predict future population issues.

B
. Identify and explain TWO reasons why some geographers today believe Malthus’ theory cannot be used to
predict future population issues.
Question #3
2011 AP Human Geography Exam Free Response Questions ( 1 - 3 )
Bernadyne Thelemaque
Mrs. Levy
2nd hour
"I promise to love you, obey, and hit it more than once a day"
- PARTYNEXTDOOR

By: Bernadyne Thelemaque
2nd Period

1. The map and table above show the geographic location, population growth, and projected growth of Mexico’s
most populous cities.


A
. Define the following terms and describe how each relates to Mexico’s urban geography.
• Primate city
• Rank-size rule



B
. Explain TWO positive effects of primate cities on a country’s economic development and TWO different
negative effects of primate cities on a country’s economic development.
Answer to Question #1
Primate City is the largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement. Since Mexico city has a population more than twice the size of the other populated cities, Mexico City is considered a primate city.
Rank-size rule is the nth largest settlement and 1/n the population of the largest settlement, but since the second largest city is not half Mexico City, then Mexico does not have an urban rank distribution allowing even urban growth.
Part A:
Answer to Question #1
Part B:
Two positive effects of primate cities on a country’s economic development is that the country has an opportunity to attract foreign investments causing a benefit to the nation's economy. Also the ability to offer upscale goods, education, jobs, and etc. Causing the development of squatter cities, and international companies to migrate there and help build economic opportunities that the companies bring.

Two negative effects of primate cities on a country’s economic development is that there is unequal distribution of investments through out the country, making it hard for smaller cities to develop. Also unequal distribution of wealth and power making smaller cities feel inferior to the larger cities such as Mexico City compared to Puebla.
3. Industrial location models are used to explain geographic patterns of economic activity. The maps above show automobile factories built before and after 1986 in the United States.

A
. Identify TWO changes in the geography of automobile factory construction shown by the maps.

B
. Identify and explain TWO factors related to industrial location that may have contributed to the changes.
Part A :
Answer to question #2
Two reasons why some geographers today believe Malthus’ theory can be used to predict future population issues is that the population has grown quickly because the limited use of contraception. Also, food supply has increased but not enough to feed the also increasing population. The cause for that is failure to adopt agricultural innovation, owing to political policies, economic decisions, and also cultural beliefs.
Two reasons why some geographers today believe Malthus’ theory cannot be used to predict future population issues is because population growth has not been rising geometrically since there is expanded use of contraception . Also, food supply has grown faster than Malthus thought is would since there is new technologies, such as factory farming, industrial agriculture, agribusiness, use of chemicals, irrigation, GPS.
Question #2
Part B
Answer to Question #3
Part A
Two changes in the geography of automobile factory construction shown by the maps are that there was a increase in both small and mostly larger-size, foreign-owned automobile plants since there was change in the geography of plant construction. Also, the decrease in the number of American-owned automobile plants and the increase in the investment of automobile plants in the South or Southeast part of the United States also known as the Sun Belt.
Answer to Question #3
Part B
One factor related to industrial location that may have contributed to the changes is market when more foreign-owned companies minimize shipping costs and avoid paying federally imposed tariffs. Another factor is cheap land since accessible and available sites in the South cost less than accessible and available sites in the North.
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