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Neolithic

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by

Lourdes Rodriguez

on 19 September 2013

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Transcript of Neolithic

Very important economic and social changes took place during this period.
NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION
THE CLIMATE
CHANGED
Temperatures rose.
AGRICULTURE WAS DISCOVERED
They started cultivating plants.
There was a
NEW SOCIAL ORDER.
RELIGION
They worshipped the stars and other natural elements because they thought they had influence on their crops.
ART
ROCK PAINTING
10000 B.C. - 4000 B.C.
It became milder
It became more humid.
Ice started melting.
Big forests appeared.
Big animals moved to the north.
There was less food.
There were more and new plants.
wheat
barley
rice
millet
maize
They had to look for other kinds of food.
maize
rice
wheat
sunflower
SKILLS
LIVESTOCK
They domesticated some animals.
They kept them with them and gave them food.
From them they got: meat, milk, hides, wool, ...
pig
sheep
donkey
goat
CONSEQUENCES
They became SEDENTARY.
They had to look after their animals and farm the land, so they had to remain in the same place.
The first dwellings appeared.
First they were made of branches and mud bricks. Later they were made of stone.
People settled in permanent small communities.
POPULATION GREW
Agriculture and livestock provided them more food to feed the population.
DIVISION OF LABOUR
Some people didn't have to produce their own food and they exchanged their work for food.
Different jobs appeared:
farmers
hunters
builders
basket-making
cloth-making
potters
tool-making
livestock
Society became more complex and leaders became necessary .
millet
by Claus Rebler on Flickr
With the new social order new skills were developed:
NEW TOOLS
They needed new tools to farm their lands: ploughs, axes, scythes, etc.
They started using wood handles for their tools made of stone.
NEW MATERIALS
They grew vegetable fibres and used them to make baskets and clothes.

flax
NEW ACTIVITIES.
They spun the fibres into thread and then they wove them to make clothes.
weavers
bear
bison
deer
North
Pottery was invented. They started making pots to use them as containers.
ORIGIN
The neolithic revolution started in the Fertile Crescent and from there it expanded.
By Nafsadh. Wikimedia commons
Europe
China
India
Egypt
Neolithic tools
by Hohum. Wikimedia commons
By Sandstein. Wikimedia commons
plough
By Pbroks13. Wikimedia commons
scythe
adze
wool
cotton
weaving
loom
spinning wheel
They also worshipped their dead. They were buried with their belongings either near their houses or in necropolises.
By Jose Alberto Bermudez. INTEF
Permanent settlements grew and became villages.
Bt Wknight94. Wikimedia commons
Skara Brae, United Kingdom
They didn't depend so much on hunting or the weather.
by John Allan. Wikimedia commons
Skara Brae,
United Kingdom
By Jose Alberto Bermudez. INTEF
bY Wknight94. Wikimedia commons
Skara Brae. United Kingdom
By Thamizhpparithi Maari. Wikimedia commons
Neolithic sanctuary, Göbekli Tepe, Turkey
By Teomancimit. Wikimedia commons.
People started exchanging products and
TRADE
appeared.
Leaders
workers
FUNERAL IDOLS
POTTERY
They painted in the open air or in caves.
The paintings inside the caves were not so deep as in the paleolithic.
The paintings were more schematic.
Neolithic idol, Greece
bY INTEF
Remigia cave, Castellón
By INTEF
Remigia cave, Castellón
by INTEF
Human beings appeared in groups: hunting, dancing, etc.
Cogull cave
http://aprendersociales.blogspot.com.es/2010/09/la-pintura-levantina.html
Honey gathering
Spider cave, Valencia
http://aprendersociales.blogspot.com.es/2010/09/la-pintura-levantina.html
Archer walking.
Olivianas cave, Teruel
http://aprendersociales.blogspot.com.es/2010/09/la-pintura-levantina.html
Funeral idol
They made these small figures using bone or stone
By Félix Vallés Calvo. INTEF
By Félix Vallés Calvo. INTEF
Neolithic arrows
By Matanya. Wikimedia commons
By Rossitza Ohridska-Olson. Wikimedia commons
By Pleple2000. Wikimedia commons.
Pottery was probably the most characteristic form of art in the Neolithic.
The pieces were very nicely painted or decorated with cuttings.
By Javier Trabadella Robles, INTEF
Full transcript