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Ecology

Biology Project
by

Ashley Harkless

on 1 June 2015

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Transcript of Ecology

Steps to Take
Deforestation
Forests cover only 30% of the Earth's land.
It is estimated that by 2115 there will be no more rainforests.
Agriculture is the leading cause for deforestation.
One and a half acres of forest are cut down every second.
Deforestation
Agriculture is the leading cause of deforestation.
20% of the world's oxygen is produced in the Amazon.
Loss of forests causes bad air conditions due to greenhouse gas emissions, which will effect future air quality.
Every minute 20 football fields are lost.
Deforestation
There are 121 natural sources in rainforests that can be used for medicine. The loss of forests will effect future medicine.
Due to forestation up to 28,000 species are expected to become extinct by the next quarter of this century.
Alternative Energy
Reuse paper and plastic bags.
Pick products which require less packaging
Support eco-friendly companies by buying their products.
Be active and plant trees.
Reduce the consumption of beef to tone down the pressure to clear more forests for the cattle.
Educate yourself about deforestation.
Forest Restoration
Tree planting isn't always essential to restore forests but it does help.
Over time new trees will grow.
The Global Restoration Initiative: initiate restoration across 150 million hectares of degraded forests landscapes by 2020 and 350 million hectares by 2030.
Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) aims to regain ecological integrity and enhance human well-being in deforested or damaged landscapes.
Many studies being done to find alternative fuel
Possibilities include
Ammonia, easier to liquefy,and emits nitrogen
Compressed air, CAES, emission free exhaust, reduces cost of production
Bacteria that turns trash into hydrogen energy
Common Algae, farmed in waterways, then converted into fuel
Extinction
Earth is on the verge of an extinction event
A collapse 100-1000 times greater than anything previous
99% of currently threatened species are at risk from human activities
In the past 500 years we've lost 1000 species
Scientist estimate that dozens of species go extinct every day
Alternate Energy
Quickly depleting Earth's fossil fuels
Worldwide consumption of oil will grow 40% by 2025
The number of cars on the road will grow from 800 million to 1.1 billion worldwide in 15 years
By 2031 major oil suppliers will have no more oil
Need to find alternate energy sources
Energy that is renewable
Ecology
Deforestation
Already 1/2 of the forests have been cleared.
Aside from agriculture, poverty, over population and unequal land access are the main causes of deforestation.
Ecology
Ecology is the branch of biology that deals with the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical surroundings.
Ashley, Josiah and Will
Future Animals
Sunfire and Audi
Deforestation
Essentially humans cannot survive without trees.
The amount of time that our earth will last will be shortened if we do not start taking action to lessen the damage that deforestation is causing.
Sunfire created diesel out off water and air
Audi bought into this project
It is a crude oil but this diesel is called blue crude

Sources
"Deforestation Facts for Kids." - The World Counts. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2015.
"Outlook 2010." Futurist Nov.-Dec. 2009: 1-8. Print.
"Outlook 2008." Futurist Nov.-Dec. 2007: 1-8. Print.
"Deforestation." Deforestation. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2015
Gray, Richard. "Audi Creates DIESEL from Air and Water." Mail Online. Associated Newspapers, 29 Apr. 2015. Web. 28 May 2015.
Gilpin, Lyndsey. "10 Ways Technology Is Changing the Future of Water." TechRepublic. CBS Interactive, 2015. Web. 28 May 2015.
"What Is the Future of Water? | Water in the Future | Water in 2050." Growing Blue Water in 2050 Comments. Growing Blue, 2015. Web. 28 May 2015
"EPA WaterSense | Water Efficiency, Water Conservation & Water Savings." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, 21 May 2015. Web. 28 May 2015
"Future Climate Change." EPA. Environmental Protection Agency, n.d. Web. 29 May 2015.
Mooney, Chris. "The Arctic Is ‘unraveling’ Due to Climate Change, and the Consequences Will Be Global." Washington Post. The Washington Post, 16 Apr. 2015. Web. 31 May 2015
Blue or Grey
Blue
Grey
Ashley, Josiah and Will
Putting Business first
Not caring about the environment
Doing what is cheaper and easier not cleaner and safer
Cheaper not but not for long
Today
Putting the environment first
Spending the extra dollar to save the environment
Using research for today's environmental problems
Cheaper over time
Grey
2,900 gallons of water for just one pair of jeans
Wisconsin
Industrial
about 7,404 Mgal/day
7,404,000,000 gal/day
22% of GDP is produced in water-scarce areas by 2050 45%
Blue
$1 spent in improvement of infrastructure = $6 gained
buildings, roads, and power supplies
Water Filtration
Now
Everybody
Ways Technology is Changing Water
Created by EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)
Regulates water used per household
Unlike timers it takes in account of weather and landscape
Saves on average of 8,800 gallons of water per household
Since 2006 WaterSense saved cumulative 757 billion gallons of water and more than $14.2 billion in water and energy bills
Spread the word
Nanotechnology to purify water
Water powered cars
Toyota
Toilets
Fertilization
Drones
Desalination
Cow pie to water
Michigan State University
WaterSense
Global Warming
Due to Greenhouse Gases being emitted
The following events will happen
Increase in Earth's Temperature
Loss of ice and snow cover
Raise in sea levels
An increase in the acidity of the oceans
Change in patterns of precipitation
These changes will impact our
food supply
water resources
ecosystems
infrastructure
Arctic Warming
Causes change in the jet stream
Weather
Temperature
Can worsen global warming
Lead to more flooding on land
Earth or Water
Effect our food
Greenland
Polar bears
Full transcript