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The Apostolic Age
Transcript of The Apostolic Age
The Church is lead by the Apostles
Faith spread by preaching, miracles, and personal example
Similar to the Jewish faith, many customs maintained
Council of Jerusalem
St. Paul - broadens Gospel message to Gentiles
50 AD - conflict over necessity of Jewish law
James for vs. Paul/Peter against
The Council of Jerusalem states that circumcision is not necessary for admittance to Christianity
Judaism and Christianity
Increasingly come to tension
Council of Jamnia (c. 85) condemns Christians as Jewish heretics
Jews increasingly condemn Christians
Christians refuse to participate in Roman rites and sacrifices
42 AD - Jewish-led persecution in Palestine (James the Greater beheaded, Peter arrested)
64 AD - Nero begins persecution of Christians in Rome (Peter and Paul martyred)
95 AD - Domitian begins his persecution
The End of the Apostolic Age
Martyrdom of the Apostles
- crucified in Rome upside down c. 64-67AD
- crucified in Greece on X
James the Greater
- beheaded in Jerusalem c. 44 AD
- crucified in Turkey
- flayed in Armenia
- speared in India
- struck by sword in Ethiopia
James the Less
- thrown from temple, beat with club
- shot with arrows in Persia
- killed in Persia
- dragged by horses in Egypt
- hung in Greece
- beheaded in Rome c. 64-67AD
- stoned in Jerusalem
- stoned in Greece
Acts 15: 19-21
It is my judgment, therefore, that we ought to stop troubling the Gentiles who turn to God,
but tell them by letter to avoid pollution from idols, unlawful marriage, the meat of strangled animals, and blood.
For Moses, for generations now, has had those who proclaim him in every town, as he has been read in the synagogues every sabbath.
The Apostolic Age
From the departure of Christ to the death of John
c. 100 - John the last of the Apostles dies a natural death
The Church is urban, unique, and growing rapidly
Who will lead the Church now?