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Transcript of APUSH
Was Slavery Tied To
The Manufacture Of Cotton? -Between 1810 and 1860 the rise of "King Cotton" caused the slave population to triple.
-In 1792 the South produced 13,000 bales of cotton, In 1860 4.8 million bales of cotton were produced.
-And in 1810 there was about 1.3 million slaves and by 1860 4 million slaves were present. -The invention of the cotton gin was a main reason why slavery and the production of cotton boomed.
-The cotton gin did much of the work that the slaves did, so the planters where able to expand their plantations because once they had the cotton gin the slaves could work other land.
-Production of cotton was booming, and there was an 8-10% return on slavery and cotton which is equal to the best sectors of Northern industry and commerce. Then the amount of slaves also boomed because once planters began making all this money they wanted to make even more. -The cotton business was booming, but it took numerous slaves 10 hours just to finalize 1 pound of cotton.
-Eli Whitney, an inventor from Massachusetts invented a device that could process the intermediate steps of cotton production by itself called the cotton gin. -Larger plantation owners were the most profitable from the cotton industry. Small slaveholders and yeomen farmers could not afford high transportation costs and had to use most of their land for subsistence crops. -Many people in the south believed that industrialization would be a shift to free wage labor, and therefore resisted industrialization. Although J D B DeBow tried to convince people that slave labor could still be used for industrialization, many slaveholders were so profitable in cotton production that they did not want to risk their money. When industrialization did eventually take hold in the South slave labor was not used. Divine, Robert A. "Slavery and the Southern Economy." America, Past and Present. 7th ed. New York: Pearson Longman, 2005. 321-26. Print.
Ziegler, Pattie. "The Impact of the Cotton Gin." Teaching American History in South Carolina. N.p., 2009. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.teachingushistory.org/lessons/pdfs_and_docs/documents/TheImpactoftheCo BIBLIOGRAPHY THESIS Cotton and slavery were completely tied together because as cotton production went up, slavery population went up, and they determined the success of each other.