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New Faces to Canada (1950's and 60's)
Transcript of New Faces to Canada (1950's and 60's)
- Johnny Cash
- Guess Who
- LSD / Marijuana Fads and Fashion - Poodle Skirts
- Pony Tails
- Leather Jackets
- Greasy hair
- Greasers New Things - Juke Box
- Condoms / The Pill
- The Hoola Hoop Wars - Cold War
- Korea Teenagers! - New Concept
- "Hippies" War Brides - Refers to the marriage between foreigners and soldiers, especially after WWI and WWII. What are they? - During and after WWII,
servicemen that married overseas
were promised that their wives
and children would be delivered
to them free of charge. - In many cases they did what every boy does at some point... ...Exaggerate "Some soldiers had
overblown the charms and facilities in their houses and home towns. One young woman... showed me a snapshot of the Moose Jaw Public Library and explained proudly that this was the residence of her husband's parents." Actual Library! Warbrides Continued... - Between 1942-1952 approximately 48,000 war brides came to Canada accompanied by roughly 22,000 children
- They emigrated mainly in 1946 in specially commissioned "war bride ships" which arrived at Pier 21 in Halifax 48,000 war brides + 22,000 children Refugees and Immigrants - At the end of the war millions of refugees languished in camps across Europe. They were called "Displaced Persons". - Canada agreed to accept
165,000 displaced persons. - They were sent all over
the place: mines, logging camps, farms, and cities. 165, 000 "Displaced Persons" WWI However... - Canada soon became attractive to other Europeans who wanted to leave Europe.
- At first, Canada denied them entry because they were worried that the immigrants would change the composition of Canada's population and that they would contribute to unemployment. The result? Immigration Officials discriminated against some groups, refusing to accept Italian, Greek, Portuguese, Jewish, and non-White applicants. However, Canada soon realized that immigrants create jobs, and Canada was beginning to have a more open attitude towards Immigrants. This resulted in 2.5 million newcomers arriving in Canada between 1945-67. 2.5 million immigrants WWII BUT WHAT DOES ALL THIS MEAN!?! Baby Boom Baby Boom - The end of the war and the arrival of the war brides resulted in the baby boom. - The term "baby boom" most often refers to the dramatic post - World War II baby boom, occurring from 1946-1966. - More than 400,000 babies were born during these years. - 1959 was the peak of the baby boom - Baby boomers increased school enrollment which meant the right for education was promoted. Everyone good so far? To sum up so far: - there was a HUGE influx of people in to Canada - these were war brides and immigrants / Displaced People - Because there were so many people entering Canada (specifically war brides), there were a lot of new babies being born in Canada. In other words... Ultimate Equation of Knowledge War Brides Canada Babies SO MANY BABIES Suburbia What is Suburbia? - A result of the Baby Boom
- Suburbia refers to an area just outside of the main section of a city and each particular section is called a suburb. Laurelwood, Northlake, and Beechwood are examples.
- During the 1950's Toronto was one of the largest cities in Canada. Don Mills was the first suburb of Toronto.
- Suburbs were intentionally engineered communities - Suburbs consist of tract housing.
- This meant that all the houses are built the same, therefore, the production materials could be purchased for less and the laborers could be paid less (since they will only need to know a specific set of skills).
- Cheaper costs = cheaper homes = more people can afford them. All of this sounds good and dandy. However not everyone was happy with the state Canada was in. Little Boxes - Malvina Reynolds "Youthquake" - In 1965 half of the population in North America was under 25 years old.
- The word "teenager" becomes a part of everyday vocabulary.
- The term 'youthquake' was invented due to all the youth culture, fashions, and fads that were shaking things up.
- These were generations of people that wanted and demanded change.
- Decades of rebellion, questioning change, excitement, and creativity
- Teens questioned existing values and
- Recognition of all sorts of inequalities:
social, cultural, political, and sexual.
- There were organized protests at schools
- Some dropped out of school and entered
the drug culture, became Hippies, or joined communes. Homework!!! (Joy...I know) You will find the answers in Chapter 14 of your textbook (Page 210). 1. Critics claim that Inuit families from northern Quebec were pawns in "an ill-planned social experiment". Why do they say this? Provide evidence from the chapter.
2. Provide two examples (from the text) of how automobiles changed Canadian society.
3. In what ways was Canada becoming more liberal? In what ways was it remaining conservative? Provide evidence from the text to support your claim.