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Supervisor Meeting

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by

Holly Madison

on 17 September 2013

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Transcript of Supervisor Meeting


1. Company Policy
2. When to Test
3. Harmful Effects of Drugs
4. Indicators of Drug use
5. Alcohol Testing
6. Harmful Effects of Alcohol
7. Indicators of Alcohol use
8. Reasonable Suspicion - Supervisor Responsibilities
9. Review of Handouts

Agenda
The Drug Free Workplace Policy accomplishes two major things:



2. Encourages employees who have problems with alcohol and other drugs to voluntarily seek help.
1. Sends a clear message that use of alcohol and drugs in the workplace is prohibited


Protect the health and safety of all employees, customers, and the public

Safeguard employer assets from theft and destruction

Protect trade secrets

Maintain product quality and company integrity and reputation

Comply with regulations

The Drug Free Workplace Policy exists to:
Company Policy
Who, What, Where, When, Why & How
Consequences of Violating the policy
Employee assistance available
Confidentiality
Authority
How policy is communicated
When to Test
Types of test for drugs:
Pre-employment
Random
Reasonable Suspicion
Post-accident
Return-to-duty
and follow-up
Refusal to Test
Failure to:
appear or remain at site
provide specimen when required
permit directly observed or monitored collection
take a second test as directed
provide sufficient urine (barring medical conditions)
undergo medical evaluation when required
cooperate with the testing process
Refusal to Test
Admission to collector that donor altered or substituted their specimen
Employee behaves in a confrontational way that disrupts the collection process
Employee fails to follow direct observer's instructions
Employee possesses or wears a prosthetic device that could be used to interfere with the collection process
Employee refuses to empty pockets or wash hands after being directly told to do so


9.2% of the population aged 12 or older uses drugs

Daily or almost daily use of marijuana increased from 5.1 million persons in 2007 to 7.6 million persons in 2012.

The number of past year heroin users increased between 2007 (373,000) and 2012 (669,000)

Drug addiction is a complex brain disease

Substance abuse is a thief!

Estimated cost of drug & alcohol abuse in the United States is estimated at $600 billion
Drug Panel
The drugs that WGMA/ILA tests for:

10 Panel Includes:

1. Amphetamines (including Methamphetamine, "Crystal Meth")
2. Barbiturates
3. Benzodiazepines
4. Cannabinoids (THC, Marijuana)
5. Cocaine
6. Methadone
7. Methaqualone
8. Opiates (Codeine, Morphine, Heroin, Oxycodone, Vidcodin, etc.)
9. Phencyclidine (PCP)
10. Propoxyphene

Marijuana
Cocaine and Crack
Cocaine is a drug extracted from the leaves of the coca plant. It is a potent brain stimulant and one of the most powerfully addictive drugs.

Schedule II - Big C, Blow, Coke, Flake, freebase, Nose Candy, Rock, Snow, White Crack

Can be snorted or dissolved in water and injected. Crack can be smoked.



Cocaine and Crack
(continued)
Amphetamine/Methamphetamine
Addictive stimulants that strongly activate certain systems in the brain.

Schedule II - Speed, Chalk, Crank, Croak, Crypto, Crystal, Fire, Glass, meth, Tweek, White Cross, Ecstasy

Can be taken orally, injected, snorted, or smoked


Amphetamine/Methamphetamine
Continued
Opiates
Phencyclidine (PCP)

PCP, or phencyclidine, is a "dissociative" anesthetic that was developed in the 1950's as a surgical anesthetic.

Schedule II - Angel Dust, Embalming Fluid, Killer Wee, Rocket Fuel, Supergrass, Wack, Ozone

Can be snorted, smoked, injected, or swallowed

Some people have extreme reactions.


Phencyclidine (PCP)
Short-term - can cause distinct changes in body awareness, similar to those associated with alcohol intoxication. Other effects can include shallow breathing, flushing, profuse sweating, generalized numbness of the extremities, and poor muscular coordination.

Long-term - PCP is addicting: that is, its repeated use often leads to psychological dependence, craving, and compulsive PCP-seeking behavior.

Continued
Abuse of Prescription Meds
Club Drugs
Inhalants
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New on the Horizon
Federal and State officials are warning of the dangers of two new synthetic drugs that mimic cocaine or methamphetamines and are marketed as "bath salts."

Synthetic marijuana products currently sold on the internet, in head shops, and in convenience stores.

A broad family of drugs derived from the processing of opium.

Schedule I - Heroin, Codeine, Morphine, Dope, Horse, Junk

Can be taken orally, injected, snorted, inhaled, or smoked.

The short-term effects of opiate abuse - clouded mental functioning, nausea, and drowsiness - have clear implications and impact on the workplace.

The most detrimental long-term effect of opiates is addiction. The addict's primary focus in life becomes acquiring and using the drug.

Note that DOT 5 panel only tests for codeine, morphine, and heroin.

Expanded opiate panel is recommended for non-DOT program.


Serious issue facing America

Abused prescription medications include pain relievers, tranquilizers, stimulants, and sedatives

Testing for Drugs
Reasonable suspicion:
This test is required when a trained supervisor/employer has reasonable suspicion to believe that the worker had used alcohol and/or controlled substances.
Indicators of Drug Use
Frequent, prolonged, and often unexplained absences
Involvement in accidents both on and off the job
Erratic work patterns and reduced productivity
Indifference to personal hygiene
Overreaction to real or imagined criticism
Such overt physical signs as exhaustion or hyperactivity, dilated pupils, slurred speech, or an unsteady walk.

Alcohol
Harmful Effects of Alcohol
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Indicators of Alcohol Use
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Drugs & Alcohol
Performance
Behavior
Inconsistent work quality
Poor concentration
Lowered productivity
Increased absenteeism
Unexplained disappearances from the jobsite
Carelessness, mistakes
Errors in judgment
Needless risk taking
Disregard for safety
Extended lunch periods and early departures

Reasonable Suspicion
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Five Step Confrontation Format
Immediate Action Required
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Nine Step Confrontation Format
No Immediate Action Required
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Supervisor Tips
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Review of Handouts
Marijuana is the most commonly used illegal drug in the United States and comes from the hemp plant — cannabis sativa.

Questions
USA Mobile Drug Testing offers full service on anything that pertains to a drug and alcohol free workplace. We are available
24/7
. Please feel free to reach out to us at any time for further inquiries on our services.

USA Mobile Drug Testing of Houston
Supervisor Training
West Gulf Maritime Association And International Longshoremen Association

Placeholder for something
38% to 50% of all Workers’ Compensation claims involve drugs or alcohol.
Substance abusers are 5 times more likely to injure themselves.
Substance abusers account for more than 40 percent of all employee theft.

23.9 million Americans aged 12 or older were current illicit drug users.

68% of drug users are employed

8.9% were employed full time and 12.5% were employed part time
Substance Abuse Is Everyone’s Problem!

Did you know that substance abuse in the workplace affects an organization’s ability to serve both its employees and customers?

The cost of substance abuse challenges a company to keep a competitive edge.
Drug & Alcohol Screening Procedures
Chain of Custody Form (CCF)
Drug Testing
Lab Testing
Medical Review Officer (MRO)
Alcohol Testing
Test Result Reporting
Substance Abuse: Why You Should Care
Nine Common Drugs of Abuse:
1. Marijuana
2. Cocaine
3. Amphetamine/Methamphetamine
4. Opiates
5. Phencyclidine (PCP)
6. Pain Relievers
7. Tranquilizers
8. Stimulants
9. Sedatives
It is a green, brown, or grey mixture of dried, shredded flowers (buds) and leaves .
Schedule I

Smoked: joints, bongs, pipes, blunts, and mixed into food.
Short-term effects of marijuana include problems with memory and learning, distorted perception (sights, sounds, time, touch), trouble with thinking and problem solving, loss of motor coordination, increased heart rate, and anxiety.

Long-term: contains some of the same cancer-causing compounds as tobacco when smoked, sometimes in higher concentrations.

Short-term - constricted peripheral blood vessels, dilated pupils, increased temperature, heart rate, blood pressure, insomnia, loss of appetite, feelings of restlessness, irritability, and anxiety.

Long-term - high doses of cocaine and/or prolonged use can trigger paranoia and aggressive behavior. When addicted individuals stop using cocaine, they often become depressed.

Short-term - immediate after use a "rush" or "flash" that lasts only a few minutes and is described as extremely pleasurable. Also, increased wakefulness and insomnia, decreased appetite, irritability/aggression, anxiety, nervousness, convulsions, and heart attack.

Long-term - highly addictive, paranoia, hallucinations, repetitive behavior, and delusions of parasites or insects crawling under the skin.
Pain Relievers:
Morphine
Codeine
Oxycontin
Vicoden
Tranquilizers
Valium
Librium
Xanax
Klonopin
Stimulants
Adderall
Dexidrine
Ritaline
Preludin
Sedatives
Seconal
Nembutal
Lunesta
Ambien
Club drugs can be addictive
and put users at risk for long-term consequences, including death.
Used by young adults at dance parties, clubs, and bars.
Synthetic Drugs
- the Most Misused Drug
Alcohol is a depressant that affects every part of your body.

Can damage parts of the brain that controls coordination, memory, judgment, and decision-making.

Slurred speech, loss of coordination, and reactions will become slower.

More than half (51.6%) of our population (age 12 and older), report being current alcohol drinkers, and approximately 58.1 million of these drinkers have participated in binge drinking (5 or more drinks) in the last 30 days prior to being surveyed.

Alcohol Testing
Typically not for pre-employment

Random, reasonable suspicion, post-accident, return to duty, and follow up.
Random alcohol tests can only be administered just prior to a driver performing safety-sensitive function, while performing one, or just after performing a safety-sensitive function.
Question: Do you want me to keep this information?
Alcohol Testing
Continued
Screening tests to be conducted using saliva devices or breath testing using evidential breath testing (EBT) - must be approved devices.
If the alcohol concentration is 0.02 or greater, a second confirmation test must be conducted and must also be an approved EBT device.
Removal from safety sensitive position
0.02 or greater - for 24 hours
0.04 or greater- must have Substance Abuse Professional evaluation, treatment, follow-up.
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Full transcript