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Virtual Field Trips: Educational Technology in the Classroom

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Lindsey Sands

on 26 July 2013

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Transcript of Virtual Field Trips: Educational Technology in the Classroom

Virtual Field Trips: Educational Technology in the Classroom

Additional Examples of Virtual Field Trips
This is a virtual zoo field trip:














Technology helps with many disability accommodations for ESE, including:
"Computer screen magnification...video magnifier...reduced glare or direct lighting...minimized visual distraction...colored overlay filter...[and] larger print" for students with visual disabilities
"Read aloud by person... software—text-to-speech...[and] auditory equipment with auditory output" for students with auditory disabilities
"Individual setting-one- on- one" to reduce distractions, extended virtual field trip length, as well as other option for students with other disabilities
Assisting Technology Devices, Software, and Media Used
•Video conferencing unit, which can be obtained through companies like Polycom and Tandberg.
•Projector
•Computer
•Speaker
•Microphone
•Web-cam
What Are Virtual Field Trips?
"Virtual field trips are interactive Web-based experiences that guide
students through an exploration of content about themes, such as a specific place or time".



Teacher Planning for Technology Integration
Learning Intelligences
Learning Styles: Visual
Visual learners learn best through seeing the information rather then hearing or performing. Virtual Field Trips offer an array of visual information such as pictures, video, graphics, and more.
One of the great aspects of virtual field trips is that they satisfy the needs of all learning intelligences. Following are the nine learning intelligences:
NET Standards
Virtual field trips are created based on NETS requirements. For example, Tramline.com satisfies NETS such as...

ESE
Kimberly Hicks, Wendy Rhodes, Cynthia Rodas, Lindsey Sands, and Sandra Thomsen
•Power-point: A power-point field trip includes pictures, animations, sounds, video, and text.
•Video: A video field trip is a live guided and/or a mutually guided tour using two-way video conferencing equipment. Many places like museums, zoos, and other institutions have video conferencing that allows for even more then one class to participate in a real time virtually guided tour.
•Websites: Offer images, videos, and 3-D simulated virtual tours through many different places.

How Teachers Prepare for a Virtual Field Trip
Teacher Literacy
It is important to become fluent in using the software. Tutorials, online and/or phone assistance are available to help aid in the learning process. Some helpful tips include:
•Have the students write down and become familiar with any new vocabulary that may be presented within the content.
•Introduce a summary of what the field trip is, what is expected of them in terms of etiquette, the purpose of the VFT, and what they will be expected to learned from the VFT.
•After the VFT is over have a group discussion touching on the parts of the tour that they enjoyed, any questions regarding the content within it, and what they have learned.

Creating a Virtual Field Trip
Learning Styles: Auditory
Auditory learners learn best through listening to information being told to them. Virtual Field trips are like guided narrated tours and therefore satisfy the students that have a auditory learning style.
Tactile
Tactile learners are doers. They learn best when acting out the information as told. This is a learning style that is also accommodated by the VFT because it requires the student to be engaged.
Science
NSS-C.5-8.1 What are the nature and purposes of constitutions?
• NSS-C.5-8.2 What values and principles are basic to American constitutional democracy?
Visual Arts
MA.5.A.1.1
Describe the process of finding quotients involving multi-digit dividends using models, place value, properties and the relationship of division to multiplication.
MA.5.A.1.2
Estimate quotients or calculate them mentally depending on the context and numbers involved
Naturalist
Musical
Interpersonal
Logical/Mathematical
Bodily/Kinesthetic
Language Proficiency/ Accommodations
Legal Issues
Legal Issues: Plagiarism
For teachers, and students, there is also plagiarism. "Plagiarism is stealing someone’s ideas or words and passing them off as one’s own". Teachers always have to make sure to cite their work and/ or put it in quotes to avoid legal issues.
Pros and Cons of Virtual Field Trips
There are several things teachers must know when it comes to the pros and cons of virtual field trips.
Some positive aspects to virtual field trips include:
If a student misses something in the tour, he/she may repeat the tour as many times as he/she wants
Students can "go" to locations to which most classes cannot travel (a volcano, for example)
Both real and virtual field trips involve interactive learning
There are, however, some negative aspects, including:
Some virtual field trips do not have the same sensory effect as the physical field trip does (are not 3-D, nor can use smell sensory, for example
Some students lack proper time management while "on" the virtual field trip

Virtual Field Trip: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
(Courtesy of the Metropolitan Museum of Art and YouTube)
There are certain things all teachers must clarify with the students prior to beginning a virtual field trip, including:
Discuss the purpose of the trip
Create an assignment to do while on the field trip
Provide a prerequisite lesson based on the virtual field trip
Choose the area of study.
Determine the objectives and outcomes you hope to achieve.
Choose a field trip that best accommodates the goals or create your own using any of the following: TourMaker, Glogster, or SlideShare.
Choose content that derives from credible and updated resources and get student input on what they would like to see on the VFT.
Make sure it meets Nets standards.
Make sure that the features of the VFT, all the content with in it, and the subject in its entirety does not stray from the learning goals.
Make a checklist of the required devices, technology, and media required to implement a successful virtual field trip
Variations of Virtual Field Trips
•Toolkit software includes all the software and updates needed to run desired virtual field trips.
•Glogster is a user friendly multimedia interface that allows one to create a customized virtual tour.
•Tourmaker is a tool to create ones own virtual field trip.
•Internet4Classrooms has a collection of online resources for many different kinds of virtual field trips.
Kinesthetic
"Kinesthetic learners move, bounce, and travel around the classrooms and homes. They are rarely still, but in their movements they are always learning".
Existential
Linguistic
Intra-personal
Spatial
Ethical Issues
There are also some ethical issues to the virtual field trips, including:
"The problem of 'desensitization'
Virtual criminality [such as plagiarism]
NS.5-8.1 students should develop abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
NS.5-8.3 students should develop understanding about populations and ecosystems
Social Studies
NA-VA.5-8.4 Students know and compare the characteristics of artworks in various eras and cultures
• NA-VA.5-8.4 Students describe and place a variety of art objects in historical and cultural contexts
Math
References
Beech, M. (2010). Accommodations: Assisting Students with Disabilities. Florida Department of Education Publication, 86. Retrieved from http://www.fldoe.org/ese/pdf/accomm-educator.pdf
Bogart, M. (2003). The Benefits of Videoconferencing. Media & Methods, 40(1), 15.
Bowker, M. (2010). A Virtual Ticket to Ride. T H E Journal, 37(5), 13-14.
Cox, C. (n.d.). Virtual field trips. Retrieved from Reading Rockets website: http://www.readingrockets.org/article/42383/
Farwell, T. (2012). About Kinesthetic Learners. Retrieved July 20, 2013, from Family Education website: http://school.familyeducation.com/intelligence/teaching-methods/38521.html?detoured=1
Foley, K. (2003). A VIRTUAL FIELD TRIP into Real Technology Standards. Multimedia Schools, 10(1), 38.
Kirchen, D. J. (2011). Making and Taking Virtual Field Trips in Pre-K and the Primary Grades. YC: Young Children, 66(6), 22-26.
Lengel, J. (2013). Teaching With Technology. Retrieved July 11, 2013, from Power to Learn website: http://www.powertolearn.com/articles/teaching_with_technology/taking_a_virtual_field_trip.shtml
PLAN A VIRTUAL FIELD TRIP. (2009). Instructor, 119(2), 36.
Simple K12. (n.d.). Retrieved July 18, 2013, from http://files.howtomaster.com/marketing/virtualfieldtrips_teachers.pdf
Smedley, T. M., & Higgins, K. (2005). Virtual Technology: Bringing The World Into The Special Education Classroom. Intervention In School & Clinic, 41(2), 114-119.
Social, Legal and Ethical Issues in Educational Technology and Innovations. (2011). Retrieved 2013, from slideshare: present yourself website: http://www.slideshare.net/121487/social-legal-and-ethical-issues-in-educational-technology-and-innovations
Stainfield, J., Fisher, P., Ford, B., & Solem, M. (2000). International Virtual Field Trips: a new direction?. Journal Of Geography In Higher Education, 24(2), 255-262. doi:10.1080/03098260050077544
Sunshine State Standards: Math and Science. (2013). Retrieved July 20, 2013, from Math and Science: Solutions for Florida's Future website: http://etc.usf.edu/flstandards/math/math_final_draft_standards.pdf
User Generated Content in Education/ Virtual Field Trips. (2013, July 11). Retrieved July 12, 2013, from Wikibooks website: http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/User-Generated_Content_in_Education/Virtual_Field_Trips
Virtual Reality and Ethical Issues. (2009). Retrieved July 20, 2013, from Virtual Reality website: http://www.vrs.org.uk/virtual-reality/ethical-issues.html
Zanetis, J. (2010). The Beginner's Guide to Interactive Virtual Field Trips. Learning & Leading With Technology, 37(6), 20-23.

"Consider the student’s current level of English language proficiency and the progress the student has made in attaining proficiency when making decisions about accommodations... Many of these accommodations [for students who are ELL and have a disability] are similar to those allowed for students with disabilities".
"Violating copyright law can result in legal action against the teacher, school, and/or district. It is very important to know how to appropriately use copyright article among other useful sources...The copyright act of 1976 is known as 'fair use' for educators to be permitted to use someone else’s work for educational use. Teachers should always follow all specific limitations to avoid any kind of violations of copyright law".
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