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GCSE Health and Social Care Life Stages

This prezi presents the life stages and their PIES (physical, intellectual, emotional and social development) covered in the GCSE Health and Social Care course
by

T P

on 5 May 2013

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Transcript of GCSE Health and Social Care Life Stages

Infancy! Later Adulthood This is the first life stage which takes place between 0-3 years of age This is the stage which takes place between 4 and 10 years of age. Childhood! This stage is between the ages of 11 and 18 Adolescence This stage covers the ages between 19 and 65
During adulthood, promotion is often sought and most people find a partner, leave home and start their own families. Adulthood This is the last life stage before death (65+)
Retirement is a major event in this life stage. Physical Intellectual Emotional Social - Very rapid growth
- Gross: Walking,
jumping, skipping etc.
- Fine: Drawing etc. - Brain grows
quickly
- Recognizing
sounds
- Make variation
of sounds
- Increased vocab-
ulary. - Gradual develop-
ment of emotions
e.g. happiness/
enjoyment in bath
- Middle/later part:
shows preferences
for food/games - Enjoys routines (bath-times)
- Sensorimotor
- Later part: waves; cries when left on own; copies actions from others Gross motor skills - use large muscles of the whole body.
Fine motor skills - gross manipulative skills (single limb movements).
- fine manipulative skills (finger/hand movements). Health and Social Care! The stages and patterns of Human Growth and Development The rate of which an individual is measured against "the norms" of development. This Prezi is about:
- Infancy (0-3)
- Childhood (4-10)
- Adolescence (11-18)
- Adulthood (19-65)
- Later Adulthood (65+) FYI:
Physical development: Changes in the body
Intellectual: Acquiring of knowledge and development of- perception, understanding and reasoning.
Emotional: Development of self-image and the ways in which one makes sense of their emotions and feeling toward others.
Social: Growth of one's relationship with others and development of social skills. Growth- increase in physical size.
Development- process of gain, and increase in complexity, of new skills, abilities and emotions.
Milestones/norms- show what the average can do at a particular age. Physical Intellectual Emotional Social - More gradual than in
infancy.
- Growth spurt (5-7).
- Fine motor skills developing.
(e.g. writing)
- Sense of balance
improving.
- Average child gains:
3kg and 5.8 cm per
year. - Widens vocabulary.
- Simple understanding
of right and wrong.
- No longer egocentric
- Rapid development
of the brain. - Wider range of
emotions.
- Learn how to
express emotions
in different
situations. - Younger
siblings:
learn to
share.
- No. of people
they know
expand.
- Start
comparing
themselves
to others
(good role
models
needed). MALE FEMALE P: Voice breaks
Chest broadens
Possibility of wet dreams
Testes and penis grow P: Periods start
Breasts develop
Hips widen P- Hormones flood the body for P/E changes.
Ovaries (oestrogen) and testes (testosterone)
Growth spurt and hair growth (pubic) I- More connections (learning)
Abstract thinking which might lead to arguments with parents.
Thinking independently S- Become independent/ experimental
Ability to negotiate/ need for attachment with peer groups
Insecurely attached infants- dependent/clingy and jealous (may become a delinquent). E- Mood swings (due to hormones)
More likely to worry/feel stress (exams)
Finding opinions/ "who they are" Adolescence is when a person's personality develops and if parents and family are not very patient and understanding then the adolescent may become insecure. P- Little growth.
- Adults are at risk of gaining weight
due to a sedentary lifestyle.
- Women experience the menopause. I- Skills:
Managing budgets; new skills for work;
living alone/with a partner; raising children; studying for new qualifications.
- Throughout aging process, they may react slowly/have worse memories
- Better at making decisions (more life experience). E- "behaving maturely"
- Being able to listen/share/respond.
- Can control emotions/ empathy. S- Taking responsibility for others as well as themselves
- Develop in/formal relationships (in-laws!) P- Reduction in height (compressed spine)
- Skin wrinkles (loss of skin elasticity)
- Worse hearing/sight due to the movement
of the eye lense (need glasses etc.)
- Hair thins and grey (loss in some men) I- Gradual deterioration of
nervous system (bad memory)
- Reaction time is slower
- Confusion (dementia) E- Lack of mobility can result in isolation and loneliness.
- Poor self-esteem (nothing is important anymore). S- Can be deprived of social
interaction (lack of mobility
and emotional stability)
- Encouraged to join luncheon
or clubs/ do recreational
activities.
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