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Personality Disorders

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Megan Hockenbury

on 25 April 2010

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Transcript of Personality Disorders

Personality Disorders "an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual who exhibits it" Personality Disorders are organized into 3 groups:
Clusters A, B, and C Cluster A odd or eccentric behaviors Cluster B Paranoid Personality Disorder Characteristics:
1. Aloof and emotionally cold
2. Pervasive mistrust and suspicion
3. Fear of intimacy with sense of vulnerability
4. Usually isolated and disliked
5. Often blame others and do not accept criticism Altered interpretation of illness and physician Worries that physician may attempt to harm them Schizoid Personality Disorder Characteristics:
1. Socially Detached and do not enjoy social contact
2. Anxious when forced into contact with others
3. Restricted emotional range, humorless, aloof
4. Often daydream Appear to not appreciate a physician's care.
Often wait to pursue medical care. Schizotypal Personality Characteristics:
1. Similar to schizoid personality, but also peculiar.
2. Social and interpersonal deficits, isolated
3. Perceptual distortion and eccentricity
- odd reasoning
- relates strange experiences
4. Falls on spectrum with Schizophrenia Anxious when forced into contact with others odd illness interpretation, and odd behavior often wait to pursue medical care dramatic, emotional, or erratic disorders Antisocial Personality Disorder
(Sociopath, Psychopath) Characteristics Disregards and violates other's rights
- aggressive, fights, difficult peer relationships
- hyperactive, irresponsible, frequent job change
- lying, theft, drug, and alcohol abuse No remorse for wrongdoing
and no empathy anger, manipulation, lies mask fear Sense of entitlement Impulsive BTK, also known as Dennis Rader Borderline Personality Disorder Characteristics:
1. Unstable relationships, self-image and affect
2. Loneliness, boredom, and sense of emptiness
3. Impulsive, mood lability to angry and anxious Fears rejection and isolation Self-destructive behavior Alternates admiration and devaluation of physician Histrionic Personality Disorder Characteristics:
1. Outwardly appear, charming, lively, and seductive
2. Threatened self-esteem and sense of attractiveness
3. Egocentric, shallow, immature, and dramatic
4. Seek excitement and attention: often exhibitionists Unable to focus on facts and details Somatization Narcissistic Personality Disorder Characteristics:
1. Grandiosity, unrealistic self-expectation
2. Need constant admiration
3. Impulsive and anxious
4. Doubts own adequacy Denies illness Demanding with sense of entitlement "Charlie Chaplin was a compulsive womanizer and a regular patron of prostitutes. He was exploitative and sadistic, domineering, deceitful, self-absorbed, aggressive, bad-mannered, and prone to tantrums." Cluster C Avoidant Personality Disorder Dependent Personality Disorder Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder J.D. Salinger Characteristics:
1. Long-standing and complex pattern of feelings of inadequacy
2. Extreme sensitivity to what others think about them
3. Social inhibition avoids occupational activities that involve significant interpersonal contact unwilling to get involved with people unless certain of being liked inhibited in new interpersonal situations because of feelings of inadequacy Buster from Arrested Development Characteristics:
1. Long-standing need for the person to be taken care of
2. Fear of being abandoned or separated from important individuals in his/her life
3. Fear leads to "clinging behavior" needs others to assume responsibility for most major areas of their life goes to excessive lengths to obtain nurturance and support from others feels uncomfortable and helpless when alone Obsessions: Recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses, or images that are experienced and cause marked anxiety or stress Compulsions:
- Repetitive behaviors or mental acts that a person feels driven to perform in response to an obsession, or according to rules that must be applied rigidly
- The behaviors or mental acts are aimed at preventing or reducing stress or preventing some dreaded event or situation; however, these acts are not connected in a realistic way with what they are designed to neutralize or prevent, or are clearly excessive Link Between Poverty and Psychological Disorders? inability to buy food due to lack of money and being in debt malnutrition affects brain development serious psychological disorder inability to hold a good job leads to bad pay .5-2.5% of adult US population 3% of US adult population 3% of male US adult population, 1% of female 2% of US adult population 2-3% of US adult population <1% of US adult population .5-1% of US adult population 1% of US adult population The End
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