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on 3 December 2013

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Transcript of Fallacy

Fallacy Project
Michael Camarillo, Kevin Ngo, Yvonne Rivera, Sienna Tesimale and Angela Tran
Appeal to Ignorance
(ad Ignorantiam)
Definition: When the premises of an argument tell us that nothing can be known with certainty one way or the other about a certain subject, and the conclusion then states something definite about that subject.
Ignoring the Issue/Question
Definition: Shifting the reader's attention from the real issue to a different argument that might be valid, but is unrelated to the first.
MLA Citations
Appeal to Ignorance
Video -"POTC:The Curse of the Black Pearl." YouTube. YouTube, 04 Feb. 2012. Web. 26 Nov. 2013. <
Song -"McCarthyism (Pokemon Theme Song)." YouTube. YouTube, 23 May 2007. Web. 26 Nov. 2013. <
Print -"Newgrounds.com — Everything, By Everyone." Newgrounds.com. Alex (Aqlex), 01 Jan. 2010. Web. 26 Nov. 2013. <http://www.newgrounds.com/art/view/aqlex/appeal-to-ignorance>.
Speech-"Bertrand Russell's Teapot: The Skeptic's View on the Supernatural." YouTube. YouTube, 06 May 2013. Web. 26 Nov. 2013. <

Ignoring the Issue/Question
Video -youtu.be/ffKa5nxtYOU
Song -http://www.azlyrics.com/lyrics/allamericanrejects/givesyouhell.html
Print -http://www.huffingtonpost.com/daniel-burrus/is-technology-good-or-evi_b_1826270.html
Speech -http://www.whitehouse.gov/MediaResources/PreparedSchoolRemarks

Personal Attack
Video -youtu.be/NLtmauJLP-A
Song -youtu.be/E_DuB9A-FTo
Print -http://johnlesch.org/archives/567
Speech -http://videocafe.crooksandliars.com/heather/mitt-romneys-dishonest-new-hampshire-campa
Personal Attack
(ad Hominen; abusive and circumstantial)

Definition: This fallacy always involves two arguers. One of them advances (either directly or implicitly) a certain argument, and the other then responds by directing his or her attention not to the first person's argument but to the person himself.
Fallacies are defined as mistakes in belief based on an unsound argument.
In this article, the author discusses how technology can be both good and evil, yet after the first paragraph he veers off topic and begins discussing it is what we do with technology that is the issue. He alters his original topic and begins to elaborate/support that topic instead. Therefore, he is dodging the question by substituting in a different question that is an unrelated matter.
ROMNEY: He passed Obamacare; I’ll repeal it.

When it comes to the economy, my highest priority as President will be worrying about your job, not saving my own.
“If I were to suggest that between the Earth and Mars there is a china teapot revolving about the sun in an elliptical orbit, nobody would be able to disprove my assertion provided I were careful to add that the teapot is too small to be revealed even by our most powerful telescopes. But if I were to go on to say that, since my assertion cannot be disproved, it is an intolerable presumption on the part of human reason to doubt it, I should rightly be thought to be talking nonsense. If, however, the existence of such a teapot were affirmed in ancient books, taught as the sacred truth every Sunday, and instilled into the minds of children at school, hesitation to believe in its existence would become a mark of eccentricity and entitle the doubter to the attentions of the psychiatrist in an enlightened age or of the Inquisitor in an earlier time.” -Bertrand Russell
CBS news reporter Major Garrett asked the president a well-researched question about Obama’s sudden change in notion in raising the debt ceiling, in which Obama responds by not answering the question; he tries to equate any talk of spending cuts with talk about “hurting” the poor, seniors, middle class families, and the like, and also claiming that reducing spending will lead to “blowing up the economy.” Thus, he dodges the question by bringing other topics that are completely unrelated to the debt ceiling.
Gives You Hell by The All-American Rejects

Now where's your picket fence love
And where's that shiny car
And did it ever get you far
You never seemed so tense love
I've never seen you fall so hard
Do you know where you are

And truth be told I miss you
And truth be told I'm lying

The song originally starts talking about their relationship and their breakup. The song is discussing their breakup and their current standing with each other in life. The song lyrics then show the transition to how the girl’s life isn’t going as she planned it would. The lyrics begin discussing how she didn’t end up getting the relationship that she expected to get. The secondary topic of this song is almost completely unrelated to the primary topic.

Back to school speech by Obama
I’ve talked a lot about your government’s responsibility for setting high standards, supporting teachers and principals, and turning around schools that aren’t working where students aren’t getting the opportunities they deserve.
But at the end of the day, we can have the most dedicated teachers, the most supportive parents, and the best schools in the world – and none of it will matter unless all of you fulfill your responsibilities. Unless you show up to those schools; pay attention to those teachers; listen to your parents, grandparents and other adults; and put in the hard work it takes to succeed.

This speech’s topic, read by President Obama, is supposed to be about going back to school. For a majority of the speech, the topic stays where it’s supposed to be, although later in the speech, the topic starts to sway in specific parts. In this specific part, it starts talking about how the government and school aren’t working to give student the opportunities they deserve and in the next paragraph, the topic changes to discussing the responsibilities that the student holds as they attend school. This speech is supposed to be solely discussing the matter of going back to school and getting into the swing of things again but in parts it starts to discuss how some schools aren’t giving the students opportunities and the wasted work without the students maintaining their responsibilities. Although these topics are valid, they aren’t related to the main topic of the speech.

This comic portrays a lobster and a shrimp inside a debate and the lobster attacks the fact that his opponent is a shrimp and that because of his inferior physical features, he is unfit to run the country. This is a personal attack because the lobster is attacking a genetic trait that can not change and should not define his ability to run a country.
In this video the creator attacks Miley Cyrus rather than her creativity on the song. He does not value the meaning behind the lyrics and video and focuses more on the fact that she is naked on a construction site.
Katy Perry supposedly wrote this song about her ex Travie McCoy and his bad habits within their relationship . She ridicules him in stating his drug related habits and saying how she isn't his savior and that she isn't responsible for his care. She talks about how his habits eventually led to their break up. In this song, Katey Perry is making a direct verbal attack on Travie McCoy due to the fact that she is referencing his habits in a negative manner.
In Romney's New Hampshire campaign speech given in 2012 he uses Ad Hominem to attack Barack Obama. Especially in the quote "When it comes to the economy, my highest priority as President will be worrying about your job, not saving my own." This portrays ad hominem because he is indirectly attacking Obama as a person and his priorities rather than the issues being dealt with for the country during the campaign.
This picture is self-explanatory because the boys talking to each other state the definition of an appeal to ignorance fallacy. They are fighting because neither one can prove that the spaghetti monster is or isn’t real. People have tried for centuries to prove the claims of astrology, but no one has ever succeeded. Therefore we must conclude that astrology is a lot of baloney. People have tried for centuries to disprove the claims of astrology, but no one has ever succeeded. Therefore we must conclude that astrology is a valid way of experiencing the world.
Royal Navy guards Murtogg and Mullroy argue over the existence of the Black Pearl. Mullroy does not believe the Black Pearl exists, while Murtogg insists that it exists because he has seen it. Mullroy attacks the truth of whether Murtogg has not seen a ship that is “crewed by the damned and captained by a man so evil that Hell itself spat him back out” in order to disprove whether Mullroy has seen the ship. Since Mullroy gets Murtogg to agree that he has not seen a ship that matches all the criteria for the Black Pearl, he concludes that the Black Pearl must not exist. Mullroy commits an appeal to ignorance in arguing that because Mulroy has not seen it, the Black Pearl does not exist.
This video describes McCarthyism to the tune of the Pokemon theme song. It gives an account of McCarthy's Communist witch hunt. McCarthy put every American at risk of being not only accused of being a Communist, but convicted of it as well. McCarthy's "logic" ran: If there is no evidence that someone is not a Communist, we must conclude that they are." The song in the video includes lyrics such as, “Each citizen must understand the threat that lies inside . . . they aren’t our friends…we’ll follow and we’ll pull through…we’ll win this fight.” The chorus is “Gotta catch ‘em all.” .

Russell captured the idea of fallaciousness of arguments from ignorance does not mean that one can never possess good reasons for thinking that something does not exist by stating a hypothetical china teapot revolving about the sun between Earth and Mars .
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