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Aboriginal Research Project
Transcript of Aboriginal Research Project
By: Judy Wu (Soc 10 P1)
Gros Ventre artists made clothing and leather work
they decorated it with porcupine quills, beadwork, and colorful paint
The Gros Ventre tribe separated from the Arapaho Indians in the mid 1650's
The Gros Ventre tribe had trade relations with the Cree Indians
in 1780, the Gros Ventre suffered from smallpox
When the tribe went to the Upper Missouri River in the 1780's and 1790, they intruded the Crow Indians so they got in trouble with the Cree and Assiniboin
The Gros Ventre tribe became allies with the Blackfeet Indians
In 1835 the Cree and Assiniboin killed 400 Gros Ventre Indians at Sweetgrass Hill because of the inter-tribal conflict
In the 1860s, inter-tribal conflicts caused war, and the Gros Ventre joined forces with the Crow to defeat the Blackfeet, who use to be their allies. The tribe severely loss to the Piegan Indians
1650: the Gros Ventre separated from the Arapaho and moved to Eagle Hills in Saskatchewan, Canada
1700: The Gros Ventretribe traded with the Cree
1754: The earliest recorded contact with the non-Indians
1780: smallpox epidemic
1780: The tribe went south to Upper Missouri River; they intruded the Crow tribe, so they became allies with the Blackfeet
1790: tribal problems (Cree and Assiniboin)
1835: 400 Gros Ventre were killed by Cree and Assiniboin at Sweetgrass Hill
1867: went to war because of tribal conflict and suffered a major loss by Piegan
19th century: The Gros Ventre signed a treaty at gunpoint with the Americans
The government continues to mine for gold on Gros Ventre tribal land
Gros Ventre: Algonkian-speaking American Indian group closely related to the Arapaho
The Gros Ventre were divided into 12 bands. Each band has a chief and the chief was chosen by how good they are at war
In winter, the bands camped separately, in wooded places along waterways so they would be protected from the harsh weather
When it got warmer, they went for spring and fall bison hunts, and for many ceremonies, including the Sun Dance
They camped in a circle, with an opening facing to the east, and each band had its own place in the circle
The bison was very important to them, every part of the animal was used
the meat was roasted, boiled, or dried, the hides were used for clothing, tipi covers, and they also traded it with the Whites.
When crossing large rivers, the tipi covers could also be turned into round boats. The women collected berries, fruits, and roots.
They also had a tradition of pottery making. Men hunted and went to war, while women did most of the work around the camp.
All girls were married before puberty to older men, but men usually waited until they were twenty years old to marry.
Polygyny and divorce was very common. Most women married 3 or 4 times during their lifetime
Each child belonged to the band of the father
There was strict mother-in-law rule, the mother-in-law and son-in-law had to avoid each other and was never allowed to speak, look, or be in the same tipi with each other. Father-in-laws had fewer restrictions
The young boys became a member of either the Star Society or the Wolf Society; they both had peacekeeping and social functions
When an individual passes away, they would have a scaffold burial, in a tree or in a cave, with some personal possessions
The Flat Pipe and Feathered Pipe Rites were important Ceremonies; they had personal supernatural powers and visions
Today, most of the Gros Ventre are Roman Catholic
The above image is a beaded Gros Ventre war shirt
Gros Ventre women wore split skirts and sometimes wore long buckskin dresses when it got cold , and the men wore breechclouts and leggings
Gros Ventres wore leather moccasins and buffalo-hide robes decorated with fancy quillwork
The men tied feathers to locks of their hair, and women wore two long braids
Both genders would paint their faces with bright colors for special celebrations
They had different patterns for war, religious ceremonies, and festive decoration
Later, Gros Ventre people followed Sioux styles and wore fringed war shirts and feather warbonnets
They also told many traditional Gros Ventre legends and fairy tales
Storytelling is very important to the Gros Ventre Indian culture
What did they wear?
During war, Gros Ventre hunters and warriors would make and use bows and arrows, spears, and hide shields
They built rafts when they traveled by on water
They used dogs pulling travois (a kind of drag sled) to help them carry their belongings.
When Europeans brought horses to North America, the Gros Ventres used horses as transportation and soon became expert riders and traveled great distances with them
Horse riding is still used by some people today but most of them use modern vehicles now (cars)
The Gros Ventres use to be farming people
The women used to harvest corn, squash, and beans
The men would hunt
But when they started using horses, the Gros Ventre tribe became more dependent on the buffalo
They became nomadic hunters and went across the plains to hunt buffalo instead of raising crops
Some elders speak their native Gros Ventre language
Gros Ventre is an endangered language today because many children don't learn it
Gros Ventre people speak English now
Before, the children had more chores and less time to play
They had dolls, toys, and games to play
A popular game they played was the hoop game
Gros Ventre mothers carried their babies in cradle boards on their backs
Now, the children go hunting and fishing with their fathers and play with other children
they also go to school now
This is a picture of the hoop game
Gros Ventre people lived in tipis
Tipis (or teepees) are tall buffalo-hide houses
How their homes were like
Gros Ventre Children
"Facts for Kids: Gros Ventre Indians (Gros Ventres)." Orrin's Website. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013. <http://www.bigorrin.org/gros_kids.htm>.
"First People." http://www.firstpeople.us/photographs2/Curley-Head--Lame-Bull-and-others-Gros-Ventre-1887.html. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013. <www.firstpeople.us/photographs2/ls/Curley-Head--Lame-Bull-and-others-Gros-Ventre-1887.jpg>.
"Gros Ventre - ." Countries and Their Cultures. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013. <http://www.everyculture.com/North-America/Gros-Ventre.html>.
•"Gros Ventre Indian Fact Sheet." http://www.bigorrin.org/gros_kids.htm. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013. <www.native-languages.org/images/tepee2.jpg>.
"Gros Ventre Indian Fact Sheet." http://www.bigorrin.org/gros_kids.htm. . N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013. <www.nativetech.org/games/img00008.gif>.
"Gros Ventres - The most independent tribe...." http://nativequotesandbrilliance.ning.com/profiles/blogs/gros-ventres-the-most-independent-tribe. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013. <api.ning.com/files/jreJvxM4Yem7dvPGIw2Gv5SFaedxMN7DIrogtrht6yTtGf4jfk0OiOqjq82xKQY9kA8RB8cHnetlTI7b8Pfa69HvvUUErfET/GrosVentreCrowFliesHigh1880.jpg>.
"Gros Ventre Indian Fact Sheet." http://www.bigorrin.org/gros_kids.htm. . N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013. <www.artsmia.org/mia/e_images/35/mia_35128e