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Transcript of Imperialism Project~Egypt
imperialized by... France Great Britain Muhammad Ali, pasha of Egypt Important People
During Egypt's Imperialism Benjamin Disraeli, prime minister of Great Britain Ferdinand de Lesseps, French developer of the Suez Canal Why Egypt was
Imperialized... Britain France Shared Nile River Niger River strategic positioning What Everyone
Got from It Britain Suez Canal Company shares (from Egypt) Egypt protection from the British Suez Canal improvement of the irrigation system by the British building of dams economic problems solved by the British Names Egypt goes by: Named for Greek river God Nilus The kingdom of Egypt is sometimes called,"Kemet" which means "Black Land." ...Referring to the rich soil found by the Nile Valley or Delta. "Gift of the Nile" Romanticized Arabic name for Egypt from the Islamic Qur'an meaning "fortress" or "country" This was the name given to Egypt under Muhammad Ali's dynasty. Named for Greek river God Nilus Egypt Before Imperialism Economic Egypt's economic state before imperialism was milk and honey. The owning class maintained the industrial aspect while the upper class maintained government and political prospect. Farming and agriculture were common professions. Egypt traded gold, silver, papyrus and grain. Grain was the most common thing Egyptians traded. Religion Before other cultural aspects and religions were introduced to Egypt, Egyptians believed in the Sun God. By 1639, Islam become the official religion of Egypt and ancient Pharaohs, Persians, Greeeks, and Romans had vanished. What is imperialism? Imperialism is the political and economic control of a country or region over another region due to motives, such as God, glory, and gold. Treatment of People European superiority
Beginning of 19th Century, acted hostile towards Egyptians Types of Imperialism
British took control of Suez Canal, charged heavy taxes on ships
In towns, established schools, hospitals, and churches How Did the People React? Mahdist Rebellion 1881-1898 rebellion involving an Islamic group led by Muhammad Ahmad After Muhammad Ali's death, British began treating Egyptians better Applied heavy taxes on ships that went through Suez Canal which eventually affected the people Manipulated the people sometimes
Britain ruled indirectly, saved Egypt's culture
Let the people "rule" themselves, but still received the economic gain and protected them In 1919, Egyptians had enough of foreign rule, began to push for independence led by Saad Zaghlul. After seeing how relaxed the soldiers were becoming, citizens in Cairo began questioning things Due to heavy taxes from Suez Canal, many Egyptians didn’t want money going to Britain A 3500 year old picture showing Egyptians cultivating wheat.
During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Egypt benefited from political diffusion from the French and the British to create systems that resulted in economic gain from the Suez Canal, establishment of a democracy, and stability within the country.
Being imperialized by different regions, the French and the British, Egypt went through many alterations throughout the nineteenth century but was able to persevere and stand on its own after gaining its independence and forming a democracy. Conclusion: France bankruptcy failure "Sphere of Influence" "Protectorate" Connections The Suez Canal! Duh! "...Egypt insists her sovereignty must remain intact and refuses to give up any part of that sovereignty for the sake of money. Egypt nationalized the Egyptian Suez Canal company. When Egypt granted the concession to de Lesseps it was stated in the concession between the Egyptian Government and the Egyptian company that the company of the Suez Canal is an Egyptian company subject to Egyptian authority. Egypt nationalized this Egyptian company and declared freedom of navigation will be preserved." -- Speech by Nasser "We, the people of Egypt, who have been toiling on this glorious land since the dawn of history and civilization, we the people working in Egypt’s villages, fields, cities, factories, centers of education and industry in any field of work which contributes to the creation of life on its soil or plays a part in the honor of defending this land" -- Constitution of Egypt Executive Branch President Prime Minister Vice President Council of Body Egypt is in...(yes you guessed it) AFRICA!!! Legislative Branch People's Assembly
(518 Members) Shura Council
(264 Members) Judicial Branch Supreme
Constitutional Court Thesis Court of Cassation Administration Courts Courts of Appeal Tribunals of First
Instance District Courts 3 Branches of Government Egypt Sanjana Ahuja Elyse Ching Derrick Keller Mai Ka Ying Yang The End....