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http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/05/07/may-7-1945-nazi-germany-surrenders-in-world-war-ii/ World War 2 Major Leaders of the War Winston Churchill Prime Minister of Great Britain Franklin Roosevelt President of the United States Joseph Stalin Premier of the Soviet Union The Allied Powers The Axis Powers Adolf Hitler Chancellor of Germany Benito Mussolini Prime Minister of Italy Causes Effects -Global and local economic problems -Germany's aggression in Europe -Japanese aggression in Asia and Pacific -Millions of deaths worldwide -The Holocaust -Rise of the United States as the leading world power -Totalitarian governments -The Increase of Nationalism -Widespread destruction of cities
and industries Causes and Effects
World War II Hitler soon wanted more land. Germany invaded Poland on September 1st, 1939 with Adolf Hitler as the Chancellor. They used a combination of tanks, planes and millions of soldiers that destroyed major roads and cities of Poland. This powerful and swift combination of air and ground forces was called a Blitzkrieg or "lightning war." Great Britain and France pledged to defend Poland if Hitler attacked. Since Hitler's troops did attacked them, Great Britain and France declared war on Germany two days later. They are known as the Allied Powers. The Soviet Union, that was still an ally of Germany at that time, soon followed Germany and started to invade Poland from the east while the German attacked from the west. Hitler formed the Axis Powers that was an alliance with Benito Mussolini, which is the prime minister of Italy. Rosie the Riveter British admiral, Winston Churchill, who later became the Prime Minister of Great Britain, believed that Chamberlains strategy would not stop Hitler. He was right. The British prime minister, Neville Chamberlain arranged a conference with the Chancellor of Germany, Adolf Hitler, to achieve a peace solution. At the 1938 Munich Conference, Germany was given the territory, Sudetenland and in respond for an agreement not to demand additional land. "The government had to choose between shame and war, They have chosen shame. They will get war." Japan Attacks the U.S.A. Less than 25 years after entering World War 1, the United States enters World War 2, joining the Allies. Appeasement: the policy of giving into demands of a nation in order to avoid war. With millions of men being drafted or joining the military to fight in World War 2, factories badly needed new workers. Women were now needed to operate the factories and supply center producing goods for the war. "Rosie the Riveter" became a symbol of women's work to support the war. This war would be even more devastating than the first one. Germany Continues Expanding This gave women the opportunity to get jobs that were usually given to men. Adjusting to Peace The Yalta Conference
(February 1945) The Potsdam Conference
(July 1945) The Allied Powers bombed raids on major German cities like Berlin and Hamburg. August 15th, 1945 the Japanese finally surrendered. The War Finally Ends After World War 1... Many people were willing to give up individual rights for the promise of prosperity and national glory to end these
difficult times. This
led to a system
It is a form of
government in which
every aspect of
citizen's lives are controlled by the government.
The end of World War 1 had an immediate impact on American economy. Businesses were failing, money supplies was decreasing, there were less demand and production of goods and there were also widespread unemployment.
The same situation was also occurring in Europe. War debt and the huge costs of rebuilding made economic recovery even more difficult. The Great Depression Totalitarianism was used in several European countries from the
1920s and 1930s. Since 1942, Allied scientists had been
working on a secret program known as the Manhattan Project. This goal was to create an atomic bomb. On July 16, 1945 the first atomic bomb was tested and it was successful. The Allies' demanded Japan to surrender, but they refused.
President Truman gave the order to use the atomic bomb. On August 6, 1945, the B-29 bomber dropped an atomic bomb above the city of Hiroshima. The explosion killed almost 80,000 people.
Japanese leaders still refused to surrender. August 9 the U.S. dropped a second atomic bomb on the city of Nagasaki killing 22,000 people. Who Attended -Franklin Roosevelt, United States
-Winston Churchill, Great Britain
-Joseph Stalin, Soviet Union Who Attended -Harry S. Truman, United States
-Winston Churchill & Clement Attlee, Great Britain
- Joseph Stalin, Soviet Union They bombed the German city of Dresden, killing more than 35,000 civilians. As Allied forces surrounded Berlin, Hitler retreated to an underground bunker in the ruined city. On April 30th, Hitler committed suicide as Soviet troops entered Berlin. Yalta Conference - a conference held in Yalta in February 1945 where Roosevelt, Stalin, and Churchill planned the final stages of World War II and agreed to the territorial division of Europe.
At the end of Yalta Conference, Germany had the right to create a democratic institution. The conference also made a strong support for creation of an international peacekeeping organization. The Allied leaders divided Germany into four zones. Britain, France, the United States, and Soviet Union each occupied one zone. The capital city of Berlin was also divided among the Allied leaders. Germany Expands In 1936, Nazi troops invaded the Rhineland of former Germany territory lost in World War 1. In 1938, Hitler forced Austria to join forces with Germany. Then, he commanded control of Sudetenland where many Germans lived. Czechoslovakia whose territory was Sudetenland, refused and Hitler threatened for war. Czechoslovakia went to their allies which was France and Great Britain for help. They tried to avoid war by using a method called appeasement. At last, Germany surrendered on May 7th, 1945 The Lend-Lease Act gave the president the privilege to support any nation believed essential to U.S. protection. Under the Lend-Lease Act, the U.S. transported billions of dollars' worth of aid in the form of weapons, tanks, airplanes, and food to the Allied Powers. The
Lend-Lease Act The Rise of Totalitarianism There were many opportunities for people in the United States.
United States Factory workers were required in the industrial north. Therefore, a migration of black employees to northern factories started. America’s entry into the war had brought the Nation together. African Americans, Mexican Americans, some Japanese Americans and even women were needed in the war effort. Allies Axis France Great Britain China The United States Germany Japan Italy Soviet Union When Japanese forces took over French Indochina in July 1941, Roosevelt debated. He demanded that Japan retreat. When they didn't, the U.S. froze Japanese funds in its bank and cut off exports to Japan. (March 1941) World War 2 Finally Ends!!!!!! This doesn't mean there's no more problems afterward.... http://teachertube.com/viewVideo.php?title=Pearl_Harbor&video_id=177685