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Transcript of World Religions
The Holy Trinity-- Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.
The teachings of Jesus.
Jesus was the Messiah. Sects Roman Catholic
Protestant Judaism Abraham Islam Holy Cities This is the world... or so we thought. Where are the major trade routes? Sects Expansion Mecca Islam means "submission to the will of God."
Believers in Islam are called Muslims, or “those who surrender.” Meaning of Islam Faith in one God, Allah.
Koran is the final word of God.
The holy books.
Predestination, afterlife, and a day of judgment
Emphasis on charity and chastity Core Islamic Beliefs Muhammad was born in Mecca.
He was orphaned when he was young and raised by his uncle.
He married Khadijah.
Muhammad spent much of his time in seclusion in the mountains.
Muhammad hear the word of God.
Khadijah encouraged Muhammad to believe.
His revelations make up the Koran-- a book written by Muhammad as told to him by God. Muhammad: Early Years & Revelation Within a century after Muhammad, an Islamic state stretched from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to Central Asia in the east.
This empire did not remain unified for long.
There would be rival dynasties claiming leadership of the Muslim world, and many Islamic states and empires offered only token obedience to a leader unable to unify the Islamic world. Expansion of Islam Beliefs
Muhammad Dies in 632 of Old Age
There is a division amongst Muslims over who should be the next leader (Caliph).
Sunnis want Abu Bakr, friend of Muhammad and one of the first converts
Shittes (Shia) want Ali, the nephew and son in law of Muhammad Origins of Sunni-Shia Split Sunni-Shia Divergence Shia and Sunni agree that Muhammad was the final prophet.
They share the belief in the core principles and the pillars of Islam. Religion Prophets share the cause, nature, and purpose Devotional Practices Moral Code Religion is a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe. Religion usually involves devotional and ritual practices, and often contains a moral code of governance. Prophet is a spokesman for God, a person chosen by God to speak to people on God's behalf and convey a message or teaching. Prophets were role models of holiness. by Kelsie B. Eckert Different Types of Religion Ethnic Religion Global Religion Basic Beliefs Islam Similarities Christianity Catholic Protestant Similarities Sunni Shia Similarities Judaism Beliefs Medina Jerusalem Chosen People selected by God (Yahweh) to spread the Torah, its ethical messages, and observe its laws. Chosen People Monotheism Messiah They believe that an "anointed" son of King David will be sent by God (Yahweh) to bring peace. The Ten Commandments Mitzvot Ur Christ Christ is the Greek word for Messiah.
Jesus of Nazareth, born in Bethlehem (south of Jerusalem).
A preacher who spoke of a loving God. Bethlehem Rome Faith (Shahada)
Prayer (Salat: five times per day)
Fasting (Sawm: the entire month of Ramadan)
Pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj) The Five Pillars of Islam Albert Einstein
Galileo Famous Jews Historical Contributions Cleanliness
Libraries and Schools Contributions to Culture National Library of Medicine
Major Contributions to Astronomy
Modern Trigonometry Some of what religion has given us... Morally Guided
Starting from the premise that we are all children needing guidance.
Schools start from the premise that all are adults needing information.
Repetitive Messages Education Art Museums are the new temples, cathedrals, and mosques.
Religion has shown that art shouldn't explain itself. It shows us what it is to love and what it is to hate.
Religion has taught us that art should be a tool through which we improve society. Disciplined Communities Religions are:
Religions fight for peace, and mental calmness in everyone. The Promise Land Jews believe that God promised Abraham and his people the land of Israel. This is called the covenant.