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Buddhism

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by

Matthew Biggart

on 12 February 2015

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Transcript of Buddhism

Buddhism
The Basics
- Faith that focuses on individual spiritual development
- 376 Million Buddhists worldwide, mostly in Asia
- NO personal god
- Search for Enlightenment
- The Buddha: Siddhartha Gautama (563-483 BCE)
- Important ideas:
- Buddha - teacher
- dharma - teachings
- Sangha - the community

-
nirvana - state to enlightenment
- two major sects: Theravada Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism
Siddhartha Gautama
-Born to kshatriya caste in Sakyas (modern day Nepal)
- Legends speak that would be a universal rule or a universal teacher (Buddha)
- Married and had a child
- Sheltered and pampered life
- The FOUR SIGHTS

Buddha's Quest for Truth
- Sought truth through teachers
- Sought truth through self-mortification
sat on thorns, ate nauseous food, let filth accumulate on his body. Extreme self-denial.
- Almost dies, realized it is not the path to truth.
After this starts to eat, etc. to regain health.


How Does Buddhism Differ from Hinduism?
Buddhism Rejects:
- Authority of the Vedic Texts
- The caste system
- Hindu gods
- the concept of Brahman
Finally the Buddha
- After the temptations he finally achieved Enlightenment and became the Buddha (Enlightened one)
-
The Four Truths
-
The Teacher
- cause of human suffering is self-centered desire and attachments
- solution is to eliminate desire
- way to achieving Nirvana is through the
"Eight-fold Path"

- For the next 45 years Buddha taught many disciples,
Arahants
or 'noble ones', who had attained Enlightenment for themselves.
The Search for Enlightenment
The Four Sights
- grew up in a life of luxury, insulated from the terrors of the world
- Left the place one day and saw
- A sick man
- An old man
- A corpse
- A stoic monk
Buddha's Enlightenment
- These sights disturbed him
- Sickness, age, and death were the inevitable fate of human beings - a fate no-one could avoid
-
Great Renunciation
- left home to become an ascetic, seek a solution to problem of suffering

The Three Jewels of Buddhism
The Four Truths
1) To live is to suffer
2) The cause of suffering is the self-centered drive for desire and attachments
3) The solution is to eliminate desire and attachment
4) The way to enlightenment is through the "eight-fold path"
The Eight-Fold Path
WISDOM
- Right Understanding
- Right motivation
MORAL DISCIPLINE
- Right Speech
- Right action
- Right livelihood
MENTAL DISCIPLINE
- Right effort
- right mindfulness
- Right meditation
What do Buddhist Believe?
- Rebirth results from good Karma
- Nirvana is a peaceful detached state of mind
- Buddha is NOT a god, just a revered teacher
Buddhist Texts
- Tripitaka - "Three baskets"
- rules for monastic life
- Sutta sermons from the Buddha
- Adhidhama - metaphysical teachings
Two Sects of Buddhism
Theravada Buddhism
- focus on scriptures
-
Pali Cannon
- Original Buddha Scriptures
- Meditation (observation)
- Monastic life
- Middle way - not withdrawing from society but serving it.
- Lay Buddhist have a connection to monks
- Lay Buddhists are devotional to statues and relics, Monastic Buddhism
Mahayana
"The Great Vehicle"
- more liberal
- Use additional texts (sutras) written by later Buddhist teachers ("secret teachings")
- Buddha Nature
- Enlightenment is achieve through helping others achieve enlightenment (Bodhisattva)
- Trikaya: the three headed Buddha
Tibetan Buddhism
- Formed mostly in Tibet but had a large
diaspora
- Founded in Tibet by Trisong Detsen,
a Tibetan King in the 8th century
- Dali Lama - , 14th,
- Chinese expulsion, 1959, Sign over government, Exiled to India
- Yogas and ritual
- Lamas - elder teachers
- Tantra - mysticism and magic
How to chose the Dali Lama:

- boy to replace the Dali Lama at death. Boy must be born about the same time at Dali Lama's Death

- Dream - mark of location

- Smoke- watch for the direction of the smoke

- Oracle Lake - Lhamo Lhatso watch for a sign form the lake itself
Full transcript