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Early American Colonies

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by

Megan Peoples

on 13 November 2013

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Transcript of Early American Colonies

American Colonization
USI.5

Reasons for Colonization & Early Settlements
Colonies in North America were established for both religious & economic reasons.
New England, Mid-Atlantic and Southern
Roanoke Island
Roanoke Island, also known as the Lost Colony, was established as an economic venture.
It was located in what is now the state of North Carolina, along the Atlantic Coast
Jamestown Settlement
Jamestown Settlement was the first permanent English settlement in North America (1607).
It was an economic venture by the Virginia Company

It was located along the James River in eastern Virginia.
Plymouth Colony
The Plymouth Colony was settled by separatists from the Church of England who wanted to avoid religious persecution.

It was located in what is now the
state of Massachusetts, in the southeastern peninsula (now Cape Cod)
This is where the First Thanksgiving took place.
Massachusetts Bay Colony
The Massachusetts Bay Colony was settled by Puritans to avoid religious persecution.

Like the Plymouth Colony it was located in present-day Massachusetts, but it was located further north, closer to present-day Boston

Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania was settled by Quakers, who wanted freedom to practice their faith without interference.

They were located in what is now the state of Pennsylvania.

Which American Indian Tribe would they have encountered?
Georgia
Georgia was settled by people who had been in debtors' prisons in England. They hoped to experience economic freedom and start a new life in the New World.
New England
Climate
- Moderate summers,
cold winters

Geography
- Appalachian Mountains, Boston Harbor,
hilly terrain, rocky soil and a jagged coastline

Resources
-
Natural: Timber, fish, deep harbors
Human: Craftsmen, shopkeepers and shipbuilders
Capital: Tools, buildings

Specialization
- Fishing, ship-building, naval supplies, metal tools and equipment

Social
- Villages and churches were the centers of life.
Religion
- reformers and seperatists
Government/Civic life
- town meetings





Mid-Atlantic
Climate
- Mild winters and moderate climate

Geography
- Appalachian Mountains, coastal lowlands, harbors and bays, deep & wide rivers

Resources
-
Natural: rich farmland & rivers
Human: unskilled & skilled workers, fishermen
Capital: Tools, buildings

Specialization
- Livestock (animals on farms), grains and fish

Social-
Villages and cities, varied and diverse lifestyles
Religion
- diverse (many different kinds)
Government/Civic life
- market towns





Southern
Climate
- Humid climate with mild winters and hot summers

Geography
- Appalachian Mountains, Atlantic coastal plain, good harbors & rivers

Resources
-
Natural: fertile farmlands, rivers and harbors
Human: farmers, enslaved African Americans
Capital: tools and buildings

Specialization
- Tobacco, Rice, Cotton, Indigo, forest products (lumber, tar)

Social
- lived on plantations (slavery), mansions (indentured servants), fewer cities & schools than the north
Religion
- Church of England
Government/Civic life
- counties (like Henrico!)




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