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Early American Colonies
Transcript of Early American Colonies
Reasons for Colonization & Early Settlements
Colonies in North America were established for both religious & economic reasons.
New England, Mid-Atlantic and Southern
Roanoke Island, also known as the Lost Colony, was established as an economic venture.
It was located in what is now the state of North Carolina, along the Atlantic Coast
Jamestown Settlement was the first permanent English settlement in North America (1607).
It was an economic venture by the Virginia Company
It was located along the James River in eastern Virginia.
The Plymouth Colony was settled by separatists from the Church of England who wanted to avoid religious persecution.
It was located in what is now the
state of Massachusetts, in the southeastern peninsula (now Cape Cod)
This is where the First Thanksgiving took place.
Massachusetts Bay Colony
The Massachusetts Bay Colony was settled by Puritans to avoid religious persecution.
Like the Plymouth Colony it was located in present-day Massachusetts, but it was located further north, closer to present-day Boston
Pennsylvania was settled by Quakers, who wanted freedom to practice their faith without interference.
They were located in what is now the state of Pennsylvania.
Which American Indian Tribe would they have encountered?
Georgia was settled by people who had been in debtors' prisons in England. They hoped to experience economic freedom and start a new life in the New World.
- Moderate summers,
- Appalachian Mountains, Boston Harbor,
hilly terrain, rocky soil and a jagged coastline
Natural: Timber, fish, deep harbors
Human: Craftsmen, shopkeepers and shipbuilders
Capital: Tools, buildings
- Fishing, ship-building, naval supplies, metal tools and equipment
- Villages and churches were the centers of life.
- reformers and seperatists
- town meetings
- Mild winters and moderate climate
- Appalachian Mountains, coastal lowlands, harbors and bays, deep & wide rivers
Natural: rich farmland & rivers
Human: unskilled & skilled workers, fishermen
Capital: Tools, buildings
- Livestock (animals on farms), grains and fish
Villages and cities, varied and diverse lifestyles
- diverse (many different kinds)
- market towns
- Humid climate with mild winters and hot summers
- Appalachian Mountains, Atlantic coastal plain, good harbors & rivers
Natural: fertile farmlands, rivers and harbors
Human: farmers, enslaved African Americans
Capital: tools and buildings
- Tobacco, Rice, Cotton, Indigo, forest products (lumber, tar)
- lived on plantations (slavery), mansions (indentured servants), fewer cities & schools than the north
- Church of England
- counties (like Henrico!)