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New materials Skoda
Transcript of New materials Skoda
an origami car?
a liquid car?
a self-assembling car?
a temporary car? A modern car consists of about 30 000 elements Safety belts;
Electronic assistants (front assistant, Active High Beam Control System, );
Anti-lock breaking system;
Metal wireframe and cover that absorb energy of collision, with minimum impact on the driver. Pollutants in the air inside a car:
polybrominated diphenylesthers (PBDEs) and other brominated flame retardants (BFRs),
volatile organic compounds (VOCs),
hydrocarbons and particulate matter. Apart from harmful ecological and space-related issues, pedestrians are absolutely unarmed in front of cars. It seems that every single car is designed with little or no concern for what goes on around it in a live, organic world. Another side of the road - the pedestrians. Can car materials be safer in respect to them? So, we have a few crucial questions for materials Lightness and strength
Safe enough to protect driver, passengers and pedestrians
Non-toxic, with minimum eco-impact Can we make a car lighter? Can we make a fold-able car? Wooden textile by Elisa Strozyk Glass Safety glass is used in the making of all automobile glass because it reduces the likelihood of injury if it breaks.
The two types of glass used in making automobile glass:
Laminated glass is used since 1927
Produced by taking two pieces of glass and sticking them together with a transparent piece of plastic called polyvinyl butyral (PVB). The plastic and two sheets of glass are infused by using heat and extreme pressure. Frozen smoke technology The new aerogel boasts amazing strength and large surface area.
The new so-called “multiwalled carbon nanotube (MCNT) aerogel” could be used in sensors to detect pollutants and toxic substances, chemical reactors, and electronics components. Can we make a car that shrinks after you've left it? The design draws heat energy from the surrounding air, and converts it to cool what is contained within. Since the gel expands as it is filled, the fridge takes up relatively little space when not packed full and ‘shrinks’ against the wall instead. Nanotechnology is at the heart of how the design works, with microscopic robots identifying the necessary temperatures for each item being stored and adjusting local heat and cold accordingly. Design by Yuriy Dmitriev for Electrolux) Cars safety/healthiness according to HealthStuff.org research Based on dataset of more than 900 vehicle tests The Civic achieved its ranking by being free of bromine-base flame retardants is all interior components, utilizing PVC-free interior fabrics and interior trim, and low levels of heavy metals and other metal allergens. Aerographite, the worlds lightest solid material Because it is electrically conductive and chemical-resistant, it could potentially find its way into devices such as batteries. The material is composed of 99.99 percent air, along with a three-dimensional network of porous carbon nanotubes that were grown into each other. Aerogel, or the frozen smoke is known since 1930s;
Aerogels have been fabricated from silica, metal oxides, polymers, and carbon-based materials and are already used in thermal insulation in windows and buildings, tennis racquets, sponges to clean up oil spills,etc. Ultralight metallic "micro-lattice" material The material is around 100 times lighter than Styrofoam. The 0.01 percent of the material that isn't air consists of a micro-lattice of interconnected hollow nickel-phosphorous tubes with a wall thickness of 100 nanometers - or 1,000 times thinner than a human hair. Its impressive properties could see it used for battery electrodes, catalyst supports, and acoustic, vibration or shock energy damping. The new CNT fiber that conducts heat and electricity like a metal wire, is very strong like carbon fiber, and is flexible like a textile thread. Carbon nanotube fiber Can we make a car out of fabric? BMW GINA, 2008 Liquid metal The first commercially available metals with process technologies similar to plastics.
Twice as strong as titanium;
High Corrosion Resistance
Unique Acoustical Properties
Low shrinkage rate
Superior elastic limit (the ability to retain its original shape after undergoing very high loads and stresses) It is also considered as a replacement of titanium in applications ranging from medical instruments and cars to military and aerospace industry. In military applications, rods of amorphous metals are considered as a replacement of depleted uranium in kinetic energy penetrators. Can we make a car, responsive to human movements? Interactive textiles Nama: An Open Source Textile Interface Sensitive surface are present in the interior fabrics and materials of the car (coatings, trims, leather, etc.) as well as fuel combustion products from neighboring motorists. known or
suspected carcinogens The Teijin Group super-lightweight electric concept car Weights 437 kg
Body incorporates a core structure made of carbon fiber composite material.
Windows made of polycarbonate resin with a heat absorbing function weighing only half as much as glass.
Modularized parts made with single-piece molding, etc., reducing total parts to about 20.
Interior items (seats, floor mats, etc.) made with bio-derived polyester. What technologies can be used to make a light-weight car? A computational analysis of a concept car made of high-strength steel, which is thinner, lighter and stronger than regular steel. The simulation indicated that lighter, high-strength steel vehicles should hold up in a crash even better than an equivalent vehicle made of regular steel. Cars made of advanced materials, such as high-strength steel, aluminum and magnesium are much lighter than regular ones. THE 2009 NISSAN GT-R Do we have to use metal? German scientists developed a polyurethane-based sandwich material that is extremely resilient.
“By using this new material, we can reduce the component’s weight by over 35 percent – and cut costs by 30 percent.” This diesel engine housing for trains is made of a light polyurethane-based material that is 35% lighter than current alternatives, and yet it is nonetheless capable of withstanding extreme stresses. © Fraunhofer ICT Honda Puyo - gel body The body of the Puyo is not traditional metal but a soft gel designed to look and feel like human or animal skin.
The soft exterior delivers improved safety performance, especially when it comes to pedestrian protection. The Puyo’s body can also glow various colours to change its look and. Honda says the changing colours alert owners to the condition of the vehicle, “facilitating a more intimate relationship between people and their cars”." Getting rid of cords Electric cords and batteries take up quite a lot of space. Can we replace them with something new? Shades of light. The textiles are woven breadboards of conductive threads separated by regular threads. The only visible 'hard' electronics in this project are LEDs that have been transformed into a colony of metal spiders, which holds on to the fabric by use of small magnets on the front and back. New battery technology Batteries in spray cans 3D printed car The three-wheeled, two-passenger vehicle comprises 40 large 3D-printed thermoplastic parts, compared to the hundreds of parts found in a normal car.
The URBEE 2 is being developed by RedEye On Demand and its parent company, 3D printer maker Stratasys, in collaboration with KOR EcoLogic. benzene,
styrene, Among the common VOCs found in vehicles: Can we build forms we can't imagine? How much
does a car weight? The new Ultra-lightness Can we make an organic disposable car? "Phoenix," the world's first organic concept car, explores the possibility of using inexpensive and sustainable materials in the manufacture of green vehicles. It was constructed in just 10 days by artisans working in Cobonpue’s design studio in Cebu Island in the Philippines. the car’s interior stems from a single woven surface that starts from the front and forms the dashboard, floor and seats. The exterior weave flows around the shape and meets the interior lines in a single bundle comprising the tail. And every single element is made out of something Inspired by cell division, Michael Hansmeyer writes algorithms that design outrageously fascinating shapes and forms with millions of facets. No person could draft them by hand, but they're buildable -- and they could revolutionize the way we think of architectural form. Cars and their materials Modern cars are made of... what?
Are all materials safe?
How can we make the cars lighter?
Can we use something new to build car? Thank you! Laminated glass