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Comparison of Myths

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by

Donhnall Godfrey

on 27 August 2014

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Transcript of Comparison of Myths

The Semi-Controversial Monomyth
Theory espoused by Lord Raglan and Joseph Campbell that all myths share basic components across cultures, religions, and beliefs.

Campbell summarizes the classic hero story as "A hero ventures forth from the world of common day into a region of supernatural wonder: fabulous forces are there encountered and a decisive victory is won: the hero comes back from this mysterious adventure with the power to bestow boons on his fellow man"
Mythic Hero Archetype
is a set of 22 common traits shared by many heroes in various cultures, myths and religions throughout history and around the world.


1. Mother is a royal virgin
2. Father is a king
3. Father related to mother
4. Unusual conception
5. Hero reputed to be son of god
6. Attempt to kill hero as an infant, often by father or maternal grandfather
7. Hero spirited away as a child
8. Reared by foster parents in a far country
9. No details of childhood
10. Returns or goes to future kingdom
11. Is victor over king, giant, dragon or beast

12. Marries a princess (often daughter of predecessor)
13. Becomes king
14. For a time he reigns uneventfully
15. He prescribes laws
16. Later loses favor with gods or his subjects
17. Driven from throne and city
18. Meets with mysterious death
19. Often at the top of a hill
20. His children, if any, do not succeed him [i.e., does not found a dynasty]
21. His body is not buried
22. Nonetheless has one or more holy sepulchers or tombs
Similar Myths: Hercules
Cultural and Mythic Analysis
Comparison of Myths
Captain America
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