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Copy of Take a Journey Through a Book

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Amanjit Somal

on 9 December 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Take a Journey Through a Book

The Journey of Mark's Gospel
Who was John Mark?
It is important to understand that Mark was
one of the twelve disciples.

John Mark was a non-jew (gentile christian) living in Rome after the time of Jesus and during the time of persecution against Christian.

His Gospel was aimed at the Christians who were being persecuted so he wrote to reassure and encourage Christians that the suffering they were enduring was worthwhile.
John the Baptist Mk1:1
Roughly 32-33 years later
Jesus has been crucified in 33AD, James the brother of Jesus is killed in 60AD in Jerusalem and in 65-70AD the Gospel of Mark is written.
In 65-70AD, In Rome by interpreting Saint Peter for the Gentile Christians Mark was writing in Gospel in Greek.
When, Where and How?
Look closely at the book, it is written in Greek.
John the baptist was Jesus' cousin, he was spreading the good news of Jesus Christ, the Son of God so John appeared in the desert, baptizing and preaching. He announced to the people,
"The man who will come after me is much greater than I am. I am not good enough even to bend down and untie sandals. I baptize you with water, but he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit."
A Man with an evil spirit
Jesus and his disciples travelled to the town of Capernaum where Jesus began to teach in the synagogue. Many were amazed the way he taught because he taught with authority.
A man with an evil spirit ran into the synagogue screaming, Jesus commanded the evil spirit and it left at once.
Most were surprised as this man has the authority to give orders to the evil spirit and they obeyed him.
Jesus Calls Four Fishermen
The calling of the first four disciples Simon, Andrew, John and James was very unusual. All four of these men were fishermen who weren't the higher class citizen but just normal men and being asked to be a disciple was a very rare opportunity.

"May you be blessed by the dust of your Rabbi," shows that the respect given to a follower was the utmost, and it was a great privilege to be asked to be followed.
Jesus heals many people
After the incident of a man with an evil spirit Jesus and his disciples left and went to Simon's mother-in-law who was sick in bed, Jesus took her hand and at once the fever left her.
That evening Jesus continued healing many who were sick with all kinds of diseases and drove out many demons.

Early in the morning Jesus left the house and went out of town to a lonely place, his companions went out looking for him but he said, "We must go on," so they headed out travelling to other villages, preaching and driving out demons.
Jesus Preaches in Galilee
Jesus Heals a Man
There was a man suffering from a horrible skin disease, he went to Jesus and asked him to clean him. Jesus was filled with pity and cleansed him but also warned him not to tell anyone however the man went out and started talking consequently Jesus could not go into public town.
Jesus Heals a Paralysed Man
Jesus headed back to Capernaum news spread that He was home, many people came to visit him. Jesus was preaching when four men arrived carrying a paralysed man, since there was a large crowd they had to make a hole in the roof right above where Jesus was standing. Jesus said, "My son your sins are forgive," and this caused conflict.
Jesus healing a paralysed man caused conflict because the teachers of law thought it was blasphemy as the Jewish people only believed God had the power to forgive sins whereas the Messiah couldn't, they thought.
The punishment for blasphemy would be death at this time.
Levi was a tax collector and at this time tax collectors were hated on, a bit like how we'd hate someone who was stealing our money. Jesus said to Levi, "Follow me," and so he did.

Later when Jesus was having a meal at Levi's house many people said, "Why does he eat with such people?"
Jesus replied, "People who are well do not need a doctor, but only those who are sick. I have not come to call respectable people, but outcasts.
Jesus calls Levi
The Question about Fasting
Followers of John the baptist and some Pharisees were fasting, this of course was questioned by someone, " Why is it that the disciples of John the baptist and the Pharisees fast, by yous do not?"
The Question about Sabbath
Jesus and his disciples were walking though cornfields, they picked the ears of corn but a Pharisee shouted, "It's against our law for your disciple to do that on Sabbath!" However Jesus answered using examples of David and said," The Sabbath was made for the good of human beings' they were not made for the Sabbath. So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath."
Jesus answered in a very cryptic way, "No one uses a piece of new cloth to patch up an old coat, because the new patch will shrink and tear off some of the old cloth making an even bigger hole. Nor does anyone pour new wine into used wineskin, because the wine will burst the skins, and both the wine and the skins will be ruined. Instead, new wine must be poured into fresh wineskins.
In this chapter, Mark 3 lines 1 to 6, Jesus went back to the synagogue and healed a paralysed man. Many people who were among the crowd wanted to find a way of accusing Jesus some way or another so on Sabbath they watch if he healed the man.

The Man with a Paralysed Hand
Jesus was well aware of the this so he questioned the people. He questioned them on the law and what people should or shouldn't do on Sabbath. He said, "What does our Law allow us to do on Sabbath? To help or to harm? To save someone's life or to destroy it?

Jesus was angry as he looked at them, they were stubborn and wrong. Jesus felt sorry for them.

Already, little time into Jesus' journey of spreading the good news, the Pharisees and some members of Herod's Party made plans to kill Jesus.
A crowd by the Lake
At this stage Jesus is becoming really well know, as He travelled to Lake Galilee with his disciples a huge crowd form to see Jesus' doings. He healed many people driving out spirit, and sternly ordering the spirits not to tell anyone who he was.
He was so divine, that he held power over the evil spirits.
Jesus chooses the Twelve Apostles
The twelve Jesus chose were:
(Jesus gave him the name Peter)
James and his brother John, the sons of Zebedee
(Jesus gave them the name Boanergers, meaning "Men of Thunder")
James son of Alphaues
Simon the Patriot
Judas Iscariot
(who betrayed Jesus)
Jesus and Beelzebul
When Jesus went home, he was met with a large crowd that had gathered so Jesus and his disciples had no time to eat.
Some teachers of Law who had come form Jerusalem spoke, "He has Beelzebul in him! It it the chief of demons who gives him the power to drive them out," they said. This seemed to baffle everyone, yet Jesus spoke,
"How can Satan drive out Satan?" Jesus said various things to them, giving them examples and trying to make them understand how ridiculous they sounded.
Lastly he said, "Whoever says evil things against the Holy Spirit will never be forgive, because he has committed an eternal sin," because some people where saying that Jesus had an evil spirit.
Jesus' Mother and Brothers
Someone from the crowd called out, "Look, your mother and your brothers and sisters are outside, and they want you."
To this, Jesus replied, "Look! Here are my mother and my brothers! Whoever does what God wants him to do is my brother, sister, my mother."
The Parable and their meaning...
Once again Jesus began to teach next to Lake Galilee but this time Jesus didn't want to speak outright to them, he gave them a parable. A parable is a message used to convey a deeper symbolic meaning. In the next few chapters Jesus' tells them parables to awaken a deeper meaning in their faith, to test them and make them think so it will have a profound effect rather than speaking outright to them he wants them to be intrigued but his mysterious message which will test them to their limits.

The Parable of the Sower
Jesus uses the examples, "Once there was a man who went out to sow corn. As he scattered the seeds in the field, some of it fell along the path, and the birds came and ate it up. Some of it fell on rocky ground because there was little soil. The seeds soon sprouted, because the soil wasn't deep. Then, when the sun came up, it burnt the young plants; and because the roots had not grown deep enough, the plant soon dried up. Some of the seed feel among thorn bushes, which grew up and choked the plant, and they didn't produce any corn. But some seeds fell in good soil, and the plants sprouted, grew, and produced corn; some had third grains, others sixty, and others a hundred."
Jesus explains the Parables of the Sower
In this chapter, Jesus explains to the people yet again in riddles what he means but this time Jesus tries to get across a deeper more understanding message to them making them understand.
Jesus tells people the different strengths their faith have comparing them to 'Path', 'Rocky ground', 'Thorn bushes' and 'Good soils'. These different routes are the various options our faith has, using these metaphoric examples Jesus tells us that the Kingdom of God is not just in heaven but among us, if we try we can make the Kingdom of God on earth, among us all.
The seeds symbolism the message itself
The sower is symbolised as God planting seeds
People who never get a chance understand God's message and the chance is taken away from them
Rocky Ground
: People start enthusiastic but give up easily not allowing the message to grow deeper into a meaningful understanding into their hearts.
Thorn Bushes
: People who start off strong but temptation, obstacles or challenges get in the way and suffocates their fate.
Good Soil:
Those who receive the message, take it in their hearts so that the message can grow deeper, they act upon it making up the kingdom of God.

A Lamp under a bowl, The parable of the growing seed and The parable of the Mustard seed.
In these three chapters, the main theme that is being displayed is the Kingdom of God. Jesus, as the son of God, is telling us that if we open our eyes to the light we can see the Kingdom of God right here of earth. He uses the example of the Mustard seed, that there are a lot of chances for everyone but he would not talk to them without parables, this was the whole point making them search for the meaning rather that giving it straight to them. When Jesus was alone with his disciples, he told them everything because he wanted them to understand what he was doing and why he was doing it.
Jesus calms a Storm
Jesus and his disciples went out to the boat to travel across to the other side of the lake. Suddenly a strong wind blew up, the sea began to become dangerously harsh and the boat was about to drown. One of the disciples woke up Jesus and said, "Teacher, don't you care that we are about to die?"
Jesus stood up and commanded the wind and waves, they calmed down then he turned to the disciples saying, "Why are you frightened? Have you still no faith?"
This chapter tells us that the disciples still didn't understand and comprehend Jesus and His power. It shows that even with 5 chapters into Mark's Gospel the disciples still didn't trust Jesus.

Jesus Heals a Man with Evil Spirits
Jesus and his disciples arrived on the other side of Lake Galilee, in the territory of Gerasa. Jesus was met by a man in the burial caves, this man had an evil spirit in him living among the tombs. He was chained up, but broke out many times. He was too strong for anyone to control, but when he saw Jesus he went and dropped before him. There were to many evil spirits, and the spirits begged them to send them away instead send them to the 2,000 pigs so Jesus did this. The farmer told the villagers, and they asked Jesus to leave their territory. Everyone was amazed at what Jesus had done.
Jairus' Daughter and the Woman who touched Jesus' Cloak
Jesus went back across to the other side of the lake. At the other side of the lake a large crowd gathered around him. Jarius, an official of the local synagogue arrived when he saw Jesus, and dropped down at his asking Jesus to heal his daughter. There was a woman who had suffered terribly from severe bleeding for twelve year, Jesus healed her and then came messenger telling Jesus that Jairus' daughter had died but Jesus payed no attention and they went to Jairus' house. He told everyone that she wasn't dead and at once took her hand saying,
"Talitha, koum,"
which means, "Little girl, I tell,, you to get up!" Jesus gave them strict orders not to tell anyone, and told them to give something for her to eat.

Jesus sends out Twelve disciples
After Jesus was rejected at Nazareth by his own, He sent out his disciples two by two giving them authority over evil spirits.
The Death of John the Baptist
Herod ordered John the Baptist arrest and imprisoned him, but didn't kill him however he only did this because of Herodias his wife. Herodias held a grudge against John and wanted to kill him so on Herod's birthday he gave a feast for all the chief government officials. The daughter of Herodias came and danced, pleasing Herod and his guest therefore the king granted her anything she wanted. She went back and asked her mother, who said she should ask for the head of John the Baptist. The king was very sad, but he could not refuse her because of the vows he had made in front of all his guest.
Jesus feeds a great crowd
Many people followed Jesus and his disciples, forming a large crowd so Jesus began teaching them, it was getting late and he asked his disciples to get themselves and the crowd some food but the disciples answered in shock that they could not spend two hundred silver coins. So Jesus asked them much bread they had, they answered five loaves and two fish. He broke the loaves and gave them to his disciples to distribute to the people, he also divided the two fish among them all and everyone had enough to eat. There were 5,000 men who were fed.
Jesus walks on water
Jesus walking on water is one of the miracles of Jesus in the Gospels. After feeding the 5000, Jesus sends his disciples ahead of him in a boat to cross the Sea of Galilee. Several hours later in the night, the disciples encounter a storm. Jesus comes to them, walking on the water.
The teaching of the ancestors
This is where Jesus really challenges the Pharisees who question Jesus and his disciples about not cleaning their hands before eating but Jesus is outraged by this because the Pharisees were cheating the Jewish people of money they were putting in towards the church rather than saving money for their parents so Jesus straight away questions them calling them hypocrites questioning that they are too strict about human teaching that they are forgetting God's teaching and laws.
The Things that make a person unclean
In this chapter Jesus talks about things that make a person unclean, such as he says nothing on the outside makes a person unclean it's whats on the inside that makes the person unclean.
Peter's Declaration about Jesus
Jesus questions the disciples on what people think he is they reply, "Some say your John the Baptist while others say you are Elijah, or one of the prophets," after hearing this, Jesus asks them,
"Who do you think I am?" and Peter answered,
"You are the Messiah," Jesus then gave them strict orders not to tell anyone about this.
The Transfiguration
In this chapter Peter spoke, "Teacher, how good is it that we are here! We will make three tents, one for you one for Moses, and one for Elijah."
Here, Moses stands for the Jewish law while Elijah stands for the prophet - what God wants us to do by Jesus has fulfilled both of these things and is taking it to another level.
You'd find the law and the prophets with Jesus, "This IS my own dear Son, listen to him!" Jesus has fulfilled both these things.
Jesus Speaks about his Suffering and Death
In this chapter the Son of Man talks about his death and resurrection, he talks about how he will be put to death but will rise three days later. Jesus says that people who come with me and carry the cross giving up their lives, the gospel will save but people who don't will lose their lives anyways. Then Jesus concludes by saying, "I tell you, there are some here who will not die until they have seen sen the Kingdom of God come with power,"
The Rich Man
Harder for Rich people to get into heaven than for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle (the gate in Jerusalem)
Jewish people thought the the rich people where Holy because they were given a lot of money gifted by God.
The rich young man was offered an opportunity to be a disciple but he refused

Jesus speaks the third time about His death
Jesus and his disciples were now on the road going up to Jerusalem. Jesus was going ahead of the disciples, who were filled with alarm; the people who followed behind were afraid. Once again Jesus took the twelve disciples aside and spoke of the things that were going to happen to him. Listen,” he told them, “we are going up to Jerusalem where the Son of Man will be handed over to the chief priests and the teachers of the Law. They will condemn him to death and then hand him over to the Gentiles, who will make fun of him, spit on him, whip him, and kill him; but three days later he will rise to life.”
The Question about Jesus' Authority

They arrived once again in Jerusalem. As Jesus was walking in the Temple, the chief priests, the teachers of the Law, and the elders came to him and asked him, “What right do you have to do these things? Who gave you such right?”
Jesus answered them, “I will ask you just one question, and if you give me an answer, I will tell you what right I have to do these things. Tell me, where did John's right to baptize come from: was it from God or from human beings?”
They started to argue among themselves: “What shall we say? If we answer, ‘From God,’ he will say, ‘Why, then, did you not believe John?’ But if we say, ‘From human beings …’” (They were afraid of the people, because everyone was convinced that John had been a prophet.) So their answer to Jesus was, “We don't know.”
Jesus said to them, “Neither will I tell you, then, by what right I do these things.”

The Parable of the Tenants in the Vineyard

Then Jesus spoke to them in parables: “Once there was a man who planted a vineyard, put a fence around it, dug a hole for the wine press, and built a watchtower. Then he rented the vineyard to tenants and left home on a trip. When the time came to gather the grapes, he sent a slave to the tenants to receive from them his share of the harvest. The tenants grabbed the slave, beat him, and sent him back without a thing. Then the owner sent another slave; the tenants beat him over the head and treated him shamefully. The owner sent another slave, and they killed him; and they treated many others the same way, beating some and killing others. The only one left to send was the man's own dear son. Last of all, then, he sent his son to the tenants. ‘I am sure they will respect my son,’ he said. 7 But those tenants said to one another, ‘This is the owner's son. Come on, let's kill him, and his property will be ours!’ So they grabbed the son and killed him and threw his body out of the vineyard.

“What, then, will the owner of the vineyard do?” asked Jesus. “He will come and kill those tenants and turn the vineyard over to others. Surely you have read this scripture?

‘The stone which the builders rejected as worthless
turned out to be the most important of all.
This was done by the Lord;
what a wonderful sight it is!’”

The Jewish leaders tried to arrest Jesus, because they knew that he had told this parable against them. But they were afraid of the crowd, so they left him and went away.

The Question about Paying Taxes

Some Pharisees and some members of Herod's party were sent to Jesus to trap him with questions. They came to him and said, “Teacher, we know that you tell the truth, without worrying about what people think. You pay no attention to anyone's status, but teach the truth about God's will for people. Tell us, is it against our Law to pay taxes to the Roman Emperor? Should we pay them or not?”

But Jesus saw through their trick and answered, “Why are you trying to trap me? Bring a silver coin, and let me see it.”

They brought him one, and he asked, “Whose face and name are these?”

“The Emperor's,” they answered.

So Jesus said, “Well, then, pay to the Emperor what belongs to the Emperor, and pay to God what belongs to God.”

And they were amazed at Jesus.

The Question about the Messiah

As Jesus was teaching in the Temple, he asked the question, “How can the teachers of the Law say that the Messiah will be the descendant of David? The Holy Spirit inspired David to say:

‘The Lord said to my Lord:
Sit here at my right side
until I put your enemies under your feet.’

David himself called him ‘Lord’; so how can the Messiah be David's descendant?”
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