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Transcript of Karl Marx
Who he is
His Major Theories
Marxist View of Teacher Strike
Ontario Teacher Strike
Ontario teachers want higher wages, more leaves of absence and smaller class sizes.
In April 2015 the negotiations between the teachers and the government stopped and from April to May the teachers began to strike
Late May - The Ontario Labour Relations board ruled the strike to be illegal
The teachers began a "work to rule" where they do the bare minimum required by contract (i.e no cocurriculars)
This remains in place as of today
"The Roadrunner Theorist." The Roadrunner Theorist. Web. 19 Sept. 2015.
Karl Marx is...
The most influential socialist thinker in the 19th century
A philosopher, historian, economist, and social scientist
The father of the conflict theory
Wrote Das Kapital
Wrote Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei (Manifesto of the Communist Party) with Engels
Born on the river Moselle in Trier, Germany, on May 5,1818, into a middle-class home of 9 children
His father was one of the most respected lawyers in Trier and was an activist for the Prussian Reform
Came from a long line of Rabbi’s on both his mother and fathers side
He was home schooled until age 12 when he began attending a school in Trier.
At 17, Marx enrolled in the Faculty of Law at the University of Bonn
The following year, he transferred into a more serious university at his fathers request, the University of Berlin
In 1841, Marx received his doctorate from the University of Jena in Germany
In 1843, Paris was considered as the political heart of Europe
While in Paris, Marx met Friedrich Engels, another social scientist at the time
Marx was introduced to socialism
He wrote the German Ideaology
Began to create an organization called the communist league
Wrote Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei, political pamphlet, with Engels, a social scientist he met in Paris.
Was denied citizenship but remained here until his death
Studied capitalism and the economic theory
Wrote and edited manuscripts for the second volume of his book, Das Kapitol
On March 14, 1883, Marx passed away from pleurisy.
Social theory based on Marxism
Society is divided into two classes
Conflict between the two classes in inevitable
Only way to create social change is through conflict
Labour that creates necessities is most important
3 main stages of societal development
Three Stages of Development
Existed during Europe's Middle Ages
Lords owned land and allowed serfs to work on it in exchange for military service
Social pecking order with royalty at the top and serfs at the bottom
Allowed for class mobility
Exists in majority of countries today
Goods and their means of production are owned by people and companies
Means of production are collectively owned by the community
Equality is valued over personal acheivement
People are dependent on the state for healthcare and food
Exploits the proletariat
Depends on them for labour
Only value is labour
Will eventually revolt
"Karl Marx." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television. Web. 21 Sept. 2015.
"Marx, Karl: Impact on Sociology." International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences. 2008. "Marx, Karl: Impact on Sociology." Encyclopedia.com. HighBeam Research, 2008. Web. 21 Sept. 2015.
"The Conflict Perspective - Boundless Open Textbook." Boundless. Web. 21 Sept. 2015.
The History Guide. Steven Kreis, 30 Jan. 2008. Web. 21 Sept. 2015.
"Teachers' Strikes Loom on Last Day of School." Toronto. Web. 21 Sept. 2015.
Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation. Web. 21 Sept. 2015.
The teachers union and the TDSB represent Marx's thesis and antithesis
The teachers believe they are being exploited and are revolting to create social change
This is impacting society as in work to rule the teachers only do what they are required to by contract
No extra curriculars
No parent teacher interviews
No standardized testing
No staff meetings
Conflict theory states that they will eventually compromise and form a synthesis but opposition will eventually rise again.
His theories on alienation, social change, class relationships, the capitalist system, and the social revolution has provided new ways of thinking which have benefitted many social scientists
His theories have contributed to a better understanding of social inequality
His conflict theory has been used by many to help explain conflicts within society
His work has heavily influenced many sociologists and scholars theories and ways of thinking
Class differentation and revolution
States that society is divided into two classes who are in constant conflict
The upper class will exploit the lower until the lower revolts and create change
Socialism & Capitalism
Capitalist societies are doomed to fail and become communist, which is an extreme form of socialism.
In communism everything is commonly owned and goods and wages are alloted to people equally regardless of work
By Alexandra Moffat and Sophia Deak
Video summarizing Marx and his theories
This conflict has negative impacts on society because the students and their parents are not receiving extra efforts from the teachers to better the child’s learning.
The process also negatively impacts the TDSB due to the fact their workers are not preforming their job to the fullest, creating stress and problems for them.
By participating in work-to-rule, pressure is put on the government and the TDSB to make an agreement with the workers.