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Surviving the Great Depression
Transcript of Surviving the Great Depression
and the Crisis
Experiences of an
a New Deal
US History II
Herbert Hoover thought the economic crisis was
, and claimed that prosperity was “
just around the corner
of the Great Depression
of Americans workers were
Franklin D. Roosevelt
took over as President in 1933, and Americans were excited for a change. Roosevelt aired frequent
known as “
” in which he would speak directly to the American people to
comfort and reassure
the nation would survive
the Great Depression. This type of communication
helped FDR gain
approval and trust
of his citizens.
President Hoover believed that
would pull the nation through tough times
In 1932 a group of
known as the “
” organized a march through Washington, DC to demand bonuses that
they had been promised
to them for serving in the war...
did not approve
of paying the bonus, chaos broke out and
were killed. Americans were horrified that the
government had attacked
their own citizens.
Many Americans lived in
that were nicknamed “
Many hungry and unemployed people
, waited in
, and ate in
In his radio chats, Roosevelt explained to the people his plans for offering a “
” that would provide
relief, recovery and reform
in order to help the United States overcome the Great Depression.
He believed that we could
(improve!) the economy by
the role of the
Some of the programs offered through Roosevelt’s New Deal were:
Agricultural Adjustment Act
(AAA) attempted to control overproduction by paying farmers NOT to grow certain crops
Civilian Conservation Corps
(CCC) provided 3 million jobs to young men to plant trees, build bridges and improve the community
Works Progress Administration
(WPA) created jobs for unemployed writers, artists and musicians.
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
(FDIC) – insured people’s savings accounts in government approved banks
Tennessee Valley Authority (
TVA) – provided jobs in building dams and power plants in the Tennessee Valley
Social Security Administration
(SSA) – created a tax on workers and employers so that the government could provide old age benefits to retired people
*A fun nickname was created for Roosevelt’s New Deal Programs –
**All of these are examples of an expanding role of the federal government becoming more involved in everyday life!
Fair Labor Standards Act
Helped workers by setting the minimum wage at $0.25/hour, the standard work week at 44 hours and banned child labor.
Each of these programs falls under at least 1 of 5 different categories. Look back at your notes sheet and see if you can guess which type of program each represents...
Increased Labor Rights
Social Security -
Federal Works -
CCC, WPA, TVA
Farm Assistance -
Increased Labor Rights -