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Surviving the Great Depression

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by

Laura Gough

on 11 February 2014

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Transcript of Surviving the Great Depression

President Hoover
and the Crisis
Experiences of an
Average American
Roosevelt Offers
a New Deal
Surviving the
Great Depression

US History II
Herbert Hoover thought the economic crisis was
temporary
, and claimed that prosperity was “
just around the corner

During the
worst year
of the Great Depression
25%
of Americans workers were
unemployed
Franklin D. Roosevelt
took over as President in 1933, and Americans were excited for a change. Roosevelt aired frequent
radio shows
known as “
Fireside Chats
” in which he would speak directly to the American people to
comfort and reassure
them that
the nation would survive
the Great Depression. This type of communication
helped FDR gain
the
approval and trust
of his citizens.
President Hoover believed that
voluntary action
by private
citizens
and
local government
would pull the nation through tough times
In 1932 a group of
WWI veterans
known as the “
Bonus Army
” organized a march through Washington, DC to demand bonuses that
they had been promised
to them for serving in the war...
When Congress
did not approve
of paying the bonus, chaos broke out and
two people
were killed. Americans were horrified that the
government had attacked
their own citizens.
Many Americans lived in
shantytowns
that were nicknamed “
Hoovervilles

Many hungry and unemployed people
sold apples
, waited in
bread lines
, and ate in
soup kitchens
In his radio chats, Roosevelt explained to the people his plans for offering a “
New Deal
” that would provide
relief, recovery and reform
in order to help the United States overcome the Great Depression.
He believed that we could
stimulate
(improve!) the economy by
increasing
the role of the
federal government
.
Some of the programs offered through Roosevelt’s New Deal were:

Agricultural Adjustment Act
(AAA) attempted to control overproduction by paying farmers NOT to grow certain crops




Civilian Conservation Corps
(CCC) provided 3 million jobs to young men to plant trees, build bridges and improve the community




Works Progress Administration
(WPA) created jobs for unemployed writers, artists and musicians.

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
(FDIC) – insured people’s savings accounts in government approved banks




Tennessee Valley Authority (
TVA) – provided jobs in building dams and power plants in the Tennessee Valley




Social Security Administration
(SSA) – created a tax on workers and employers so that the government could provide old age benefits to retired people
*A fun nickname was created for Roosevelt’s New Deal Programs –
Alphabet Soup
!
**All of these are examples of an expanding role of the federal government becoming more involved in everyday life!
Fair Labor Standards Act
(FLSA) -
Helped workers by setting the minimum wage at $0.25/hour, the standard work week at 44 hours and banned child labor.
Each of these programs falls under at least 1 of 5 different categories. Look back at your notes sheet and see if you can guess which type of program each represents...
Social Security
Federal Works
Environmental
Farm Assistance
Increased Labor Rights
Social Security -
SSA, FDIC
Federal Works -
CCC, WPA, TVA
Environmental -
CCC, TVA
Farm Assistance -
AAA
Increased Labor Rights -
FLSA
Full transcript