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Freud vs. Jung
Transcript of Freud vs. Jung
Both Freud and Jung’s theories involve the conscious and unconscious.
Jung’s idea of the Collective unconscious being human instincts and desires is similar to Freud’s ideas of the id.
Both Jung and Freud analyse the meanings of dreams.
Both Freud and Jung split up the psyche/mind.
Jung objects to Freud’s idea that religion is caused by sexual trauma.
Jung splits the unconscious up into the collective unconscious and the personal unconscious. Whereas Freud does not.
Jung does not see the unconscious as animalistic or sexual, but more spiritual.
Jung believes that dreams are the way we communicate with the unconscious. Whereas Freud believes dreams are a way for our urges to be released from our unconscious.
Jung bases most his theories on experience, whereas Freud bases his theories on sex.
CARL JUNG CARL JUNG SHADOWS AND DARK SIDES Relationship of Jung and Freud Carl Jung and Freud worked alongside each other. In 1906 they met and got along very well, as both Jung and Freud were psychiatrists. Jung described Freud as “intelligent” and Freud said Jung was his “Adopted eldest son.”
But the close friendship between the two didn’t last because Jung didn’t fully agree with many aspects of Freud’s work. This annoyed Freud therefore their friendship came to an end. Jung objects to the idea that religion is caused by sexual trauma and he believes that religion is beneficial and religion has a healthy relationship with mental health. Jung believed Freud’s ideas only represent the cause but do not give enough information for a cure. “About a third of my cases are suffering from no clinically definable neurosis,
but from the senselessness and emptiness of their lives.
This can be defined as the general neurosis of our times.” Jung believes we have a dark side and we are conscious of it. But because of society we try not to show it. Or it is obvious to us through dreams. We are ignorant towards the idea of having a dark side, therefore parts of the conscious do not recognise this. But in Freud’s view we aren’t fully conscious of our dark side, we have it from birth within the id.
"Everyone carries a shadow" - Carl Jung
CARL JUNG DREAMS Whereas Freud was more focused on the idea of repressed childhood memories, Jung is one of the main contributors to dream analysis. He has different views on dreams then Freud who saw dreams as retrospective, so they come from past events and experiences, whereas Jung see's them as more prospective. An example would be if someone had a dream about his mother, Freud would interpret this as a result of a memory of their mother, whereas Jung's view it would not necessarily be about an actual mother, but the dreamers Anima, the feminine side to the Psyche. Jung also see's dreams as a way to understand messages from a person's unconscious, Jung notes that sometimes in dreams we dream of things that seem to have no relevance to our lives, Jung would interpret these as signs. Freud on religion "Religion is comparable to a childhood neurosis." -Sigmund Freud, The Future of an Illusion, 1927
Freud see’s religion as a neurosis, he does not believe in religion and believes that it holds people back, he is a strong atheist. He was born a Jew and saw religion as something to overcome. He has a Jewish heritage and became more accepting of it when anti-Semitism began to become more frequent
“My language is German. My culture, my attainments are German. I considered myself German intellectually, until I noticed the growth of anti-Semitic prejudice in Germany and German Austria. Since that time, I prefer to call myself a Jew," he wrote in 1925.
Jung on religion Carl Jung compared to Freud see's religion in a much more positive light, he was raised a Christian, but it was during his first Holy Communion when started questioning religion more:
'Slowly I came to understand that this communion had been a fatal experience for me. It had proved hollow; more than that, it had proved to be a total loss. I knew that I would never again be able to participate in this ceremony. "Why, that is not religion at all," I thought. "It is the absence of God; the church is a place I should not go to. It is not life which is there, but death."'
This started Jung interpreting religion as more of a myth, he saw that it was very meaningful for some people. He saw religion as a away of 'tapping into' someone's unconscious side of their psyche. Two years before his death Jung was asked if he believed in God he answered -
"Now?" Jung replied, paused and smiled. "Difficult to answer. I know. I don't need to believe, I know."
Jung and Freud Fun Facts The Police's final album, was named after Carl Jung's theory.
On the cover Sting is seen reading a book called Synchronicity by Jung.
Jung had a near death experience in 1944 when a heart-attack left him clinically dead for a few minutes before doctors could bring him back
Freud was the youngest of 8 children
Freud visited America only one time
Freud knew 8 languages
Freud was very superstitious
Freud died due to an assisted suicide, Euthanasia