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Global Health - Calabaza

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Becca Clay

on 28 March 2013

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Transcript of Global Health - Calabaza

Healthcare in Calabaza Calabaza: A Case Study Calabaza: A Brief History and Overview Cholera breaks out in
Ciudad del Bano Calabaza Cholera is an infection of the small intestine that causes a large amount of watery diarrhea.

Cholera is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. In response: Improvements to
Healthcare System Guerillas set fire to grain fields: hunger Spanish Colony most indigenous wiped out in Spanish conquest
Citizens still hold native Calabazan beliefs Small rural nation in central America
Oil rich on the coast but lacks the technology to harness it 1973 After a brief war of Independence,
Spain grants Calabaza its freedom 1974 After a year of anarchy, two parties form Nationalists - led by Enrique Antonio Delavaca
Federalists 1976 Delavaca and Nationalists agree to allow U.S. companies to harness oil after the war is over in exchange for weapons 1979 Nationalists win the war because of U.S. support. An armistice line is made in the middle of the country. Delavaca begins an authoritarian government in the north. 1985 Delavaca breaks promise with US, refuses to let companies come in and extract oil 2005 Delavaca's troops cross armistice line, but are pushed back by guerrilla troops Delavaca declares war on the southern rebels Civil war ensues 2009 Delavaca is diagnosed with lung cancer Northern regime weakens without central leadership 2013 After 34 long years of brutal authoritative rule, Delavaca dies at the age of 76 Delavaca's 5 person cabinet, the only people he allocated power to besides himself, are left with a deteriorating country and a war they did not start THIS IS OUR STORY GDP Per Capita: $803 Population as of 2011: 329,675 Health Systems: Little to none. The most reliable ones were set up by NGOs and religious groups who have abandoned them since the war outbreak. Several still remain. Calabazan Timeline Time North left with very little food but some access

South has even less due to Rebels taking food from civilians- voluntary or involuntary High rates of hunger and malnutrition ensue due to destroyed food, food insecurity, unequal land distribution & poor food quality Hunger Solutions Short term Long term -Foreign aid -"Peace area" for food production -Encourage able bodied, women & children to participate in agriculture -Install wells -Investment in infrastructure -Mandate crop production -Inter-cropping system -Centrally planned agriculture->Market economy -Large scale ag system for trade Ultimate & Immediate Solution We initiated sanitation and health measures immediately through our education program about:
a)separation of bathroom/dumping areas from water gathering area
b)sterilizing water by boiling and possibly adding iodine
c)those infected should replenish their fluid levels as treatment Proposed Existing Healthcare Batalla del Cuerpo
the largest deadliest battle of the civil war
mass amounts of deaths due to the war have increased mortality and morbidity percentages People Economy Health Systems Bibliography http://laht.com/article.asp?CategoryId=12393&ArticleId=334331 http://footage.shutterstock.com/clip-2598296-stock-footage-extreme-close-up-of-caucasian-middle-aged-man-mustache-mouth-and-face.html Statistics People (Battle of the Bodies) Help Majority of the population is either disabled, old or very young Economic disadvantage with great loss of young people
Youth have to take care of wounded or old
Not many working/producing food
Creating a generational gap Many of the lives taken were taken young people graying population
low birth rates
many have been left disabled
decreased numbers of able bodies With having great numbers of people severely injured and disabled. Trauma patients will overcrowd local health facilities. Physically address the ones that are hurt the most
handle overcrowding calmly and efficiency > the most severe attend health facilities
> those who were not as sick try home remedies; medicine man Foreign Aid
possibly trade crops: coffee, bananas
medication -Malpractice
-Local medicine man
-Voodoo Aid Programs
Prosthetics for those that have been disabled Medical Outreach
Medical staff to educate people about hygiene and sanitation. In order for people to properly address wounds and those who are wounded. Foreign Aid Infrastructure Resources -Calabaza has oil and land suitable for coffee growing

-Lack of infrastructure

-Very few health clinics -Appeal to the UN

-Set up some sort of infrastructure

-Provide immediate medical attention

-Invite journalists to get the word out -Democracy

-Better cropping system: poly cropping for
soil health and more local trading

-Building/rebuilding roads

-Water accessibility: build wells

-Irrigation Education -Agricultural education/extension


-Government systems

-Involving women and children -What would you do differently to improve
healthcare in Calabaza?

-What would you have done differently in any of the specific cases (cholera outbreak, food shortage, and abundance of disabled people)?
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