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Graciela McDonogh-Wong

on 11 June 2013

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Transcript of Eritrea

Eritrea By-Graciela McDonogh-Wong Introduction Geography People and Society Government Economy Energy Communication Internet Users - 200,000

Cell Phone Users - 241,900 Military Transnational Issues There are 10,000 IDP'S Current Events Eritrea is a country on the east coast of Africa, in the Horn of Africa. Before its independence in 1993, it was a autonomous region in Ethiopia. Eritrea may be a small country, but it has a rich history, delicious food, and amazing music and art. Service- You have to be 18-40
Manpower- 1,849,853
Military expenditures- 6.3% of GDP Nationality-Eritrean
Ethnic Groups- Tigrinya (55%), Tigre (30%), Saho (4%),Kunama (2%), Rashaida (2%), Bilen(2%), Other (Afar, Beni Amir, Nera (5%)
Official Languages-English, Arabic, Tigrinya
Population Growth Rate- 2.36%
Birth Rate-31.39
Urban Population-22%
Life Expectancy-62 Years
HIV/AIDS- 25,000 people
Major Diseases- bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever, malaria,
Religions- Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant
The total population is 6,233,682
Music & Dance Eritrea has many ethnic groups, which all have different styles of music and dance.
Traditional Instruments- include the stringed kraar, kebero, lyre, kobar and the wata.
Eritrean Music has a unique rhythm, unlike any other African country
The main language that Eritreans sing is in Tigrinya

Tigrinya Dance- The "Quba", a traditional circle dance
Kunama Dance- Involves raising you legs with the rhythm of the music
Saho Dance- jumping each leg in rhythm with the beats Government Type- Transitional
Capital- Asmara
Independence Day is May 24th,1993
Government Branches- Executive, Legislative, Judicial
National Symbol- Camel
It has a mixed legal system of civil, customary, and Islamic religious law Eritrea is 117,600 square kilometers
Natural Resources-Gold, Potash, Zinc, Copper, Salt, Oil, Gas, and Fish
Border Countries- Sudan, Ethiopia, and Djibouti
Cool and Wet in the highlands, semiarid in the lowlands
Natural Hazards- Droughts, Earthquakes, Volcanoes, Locust Swarms Eritrea, since its independence from Eritrea in 1993, is facing many problems of a poor and small country, such as chronic drought. It checks in (according to the International Monetary Fund) as the 5th poorest country in the world. The GDP (per capita) is 800$, making Eritrea's world rank 223
GDP (per sector) is agriculture: 11.6% industry: 30.6% services: 57.8%
The population below the poverty line is 50%
Agricultural Products-sorghum, lentils, vegetables, corn, cotton, tobacco, livestock, fish Energy from Fossil Fuels - 99.3%
Energy from Nuclear Fuels - 0%
Energy from Hydroelectric Fuels - 0%
Energy from other Renewable Sources - 0.7% Art Murals - A form of art that is growing popular in Eritrea Architecture- Because Eritrea was once a italian colony, today the buildings are mixes of Italian, African, and Arab Architecture Sudan accuses Eritrea of supporting Sudanese rebel groups Ethiopia and Eritrea are still fighting about the border (the two countries started fighting with eachother in 1961) College of Marine Science and Technology graduates 148 students President receives credentials of four Ambassadors Eritreans celebrate Independence Day, the biggest National Holiday Works Cited https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/er.html The World Factbook http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_Eritrea Wikipedia News http://www.news24.com/Africa/News/Eritrea-crackdown-thousands-flee-20130605 http://allafrica.com/stories/201306100038.html Thank you for Watching! I hope you enjoyed!
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