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Community Development Presentation

Small- and Large-Scale

Dustin Biel

on 7 August 2013

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Transcript of Community Development Presentation

Grassroots Involvement
Geographic Scale:
City or community-wide
Large- and Small-Scale Approaches
-Starting point and ongoing momentum


Richmond Grows Seed Lending Library
What comes to your mind when thinking about large and small scale approaches to development?
Dustin Biel, Romany Craig, and Jess Windsor
A Few Different Ways to Look at Scale
Type of Community:
Geographic community
Community of identity or interest
Four Community Development Practices
effort to fit the realities of people at the time

connections can be explicit (the focus of development) or implicit (emphasize the need for political and social change)

holistic community development

recognizes that one-size-fits-all or cookie cutter approaches are not successful

Aspects of Integration
Important to note that scale does not determine the level/size of impact
Snowball potential
Other factors: # of organizations involved, financial need etc.
Sustainability and Scale
Small-scale projects can often be easier to sustain.
Little Free Libraries
Sustainability: Seed Libraries
Are projects focused on sustainability sustainable?
Richmond, California
It was started in 2010 by a middle school math and science teacher.

A collaborative project between Richmond Public Library and the Richmond Rivets.

Fiscally supported by Urban Tilth.

Also supported by donations and organized and maintained by volunteers.

Experienced gardeners and farmers assist in keeping the collection stocked.

Offers workshops on seed saving.

Seeds are rated on their difficulty.
Can be formal - two or more bodies working on a specific project
Or informal -
help along the way
Aim is to build a level of trust, working for the collective benefit
Case Study:
Collects and provides access to “materials by and about LGBT people” with a specific interest in Canadian content
"to be a significant resource and catalyst for those who strive for a future world where lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered people are accepted, valued, and celebrated”
Sustainability, according to Merriam-Webster:
“of, relating to, or being a method of harvesting or using a resource so that the resource is not depleted or permanently damaged.”

Sustainable development:
“development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

In regards to community development, the question is whether an approach--either large or small--can be maintained and sustained without depleting resources or damaging the natural or social environments.
CLGA Outreach History
Almost entirely volunteer run
Limited outreach until:
Community Engagement Committee founded in 2006
2009 move to more spacious facility in the village

Until 2008, worked primarily with
university-aged and older

Partners include: Xtra!, TPL, U of T,
Pride, Toronto People with Aids Foundation
CLGA and Youth Initiatives
Presentation requests from local high school teachers

Presentations and workshops at schools (anti-homophobia week etc.) - primarily audiences of Gay-Straight Alliances or Positive Space clubs
Spaces for students to share stories and experiences
Potential of contributing to the archives
In-house tours and discussions with GSAs common

Ties in with Ontario curriculum, opportunities for regular interaction
Grassroots Involvement
(Brown and Hannis)
Defining 'Scale'
Four Practices of Community Development
Public Library Case Study: Seed Libraries
Archives Case Study: CLGA
Academic Library Case Study: Irving K. Barber Learning Centre
Thank you!
-Defining ones own needs and assets is a strength

-Solutions coming from the community demonstrate capacities

-Energy for change
Case Study: Irving K. Barber Learning Centre
(Brown & Hannis 134)
-Barber's story

-Early engagement strategies

-Move from outreach to community-led exchange

-Libraries and Librarians in a new context

-Challenges to the new approach

(Brundtland, quoted in Green and Haines p 46)
(Singh, 2010)
If youth initiatives are considered valuable, need to involve them more in programming (exhibitions etc.) and establish more of a reciprocal relationship
Presentations and workshops at schools require significant time commitment
Proposal to install permanent LGBT history exhibit at archives for school groups (Zieman)
Potentially problematic for integration, grassroots involvement, etc.

Brown, Jason D., and David Hannis. Community Development in Canada. Toronto: Pearson Education Canada, 2008. Print.

Green, Gary P., and Anna Haines. Asset Building & Community Development. 3rd ed. Los Angeles: Sage, 2012. Print.

Smith, Simon, Paul Bellaby and Sally Lindsay. "Social Inclusion at Different Scales in the Urban Environment: Locating the Community to Empower." Urban Studies 47(7) (June 2010): 1439-1458. Web

Zieman, Kate. “Youth Outreach Initiatives at the Canadian Lesbian and Gay Archives.” Archivaria 68 (Fall 2009): 311-317. Web.
Based on resource sharing
Experience, financial contributions, skills, networks, influence
Case Study: Irving K. Barber Learning Centre
Broadened user-base beyond local LGBT community
Considerations for representativeness of community
Working with representatives
by whom?
self selection?

By working with established groups and associations we draw on strengths,
but shouldn't we still ask who is
(Zieman, www.clga.ca)
CLGA Youth Outreach Issues
(Smith, Bellaby & Lindsay)
Full transcript